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2014 public holidays in the united states UK

Public holidays in the United States
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The United States does not have national holidays in the sense of days on which all
employees in the U.S. receive a day free from work and all business is halted. The
U.S. Federal government can only recognize national holidays that pertain to its
own employees; it is at the discretion of each state or local jurisdiction to
determine official holiday schedules. There are eleven such Federal [national]
holidays, ten annual and one quadrennial holiday (Inauguration Day).
The annual Federal holidays are widely observed by state and local governments;
however, they may alter the dates of observance or add or subtract holidays
according to local custom. Pursuant to the Uniform Holidays Bill of 1968 (taking
effect in 1971), official holidays are observed on a Monday, except for New
Year's Day, Independence Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas.
There are also U.S. state holidays particular to individual U.S. states.
All malls, shopping centers and most other retail businesses close only on Easter,
Thanksgiving and Christmas days, but remain open on all other holidays (half day
on Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve, and sometimes on other major holidays).
Private businesses often observe only the "big seven" holidays (New Year's Day,
Easter, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and
Christmas). Some also add the Friday after Thanksgiving, Good Friday, or one or

more of the other federal/state holidays.
In February or March, the date varies, a festive season (Carnival) leading up to
Shrove Tuesday or Mardi Gras ends with Ash Wednesday (40 days before Easter,
not counting Sundays), which starts the penitential season of Lent in the Christian
calendar. First Sunday in February is Super Bowl Sunday The day of the National
Football League's championship, the Super Bowl, which is the top prize in the


sport of American football and the final football game of the season. Festivities
generally include in-home parties and watching the game on television with
beverages and snacks. February 2 is Groundhog Day the day on which the
behavior of a groundhog emerging from its burrow [hole in the ground] is said to
predict the onset of Spring. February 14 is Valentine's Day a traditional
celebration of love and romance, including the exchange of cards, candy, flowers,
and other gifts. March 17, Saint Patrick's Day, is a holiday honoring Saint
Patrick and celebrates Irish culture. The primary activity is simply the wearing of
green clothing ("wearing o' the green"), although drinking beer dyed green is also
popular. Attending St. Patrick's Day parades has historically been more popular in
the United States than in Ireland. April 1 is April Fools' Day A day to play tricks
on family, friends, and coworkers, if so inclined. April Fools’ Day is referred to as
Atheist Day, implying that atheists are fools. This day used to be the start of the
New Year. The Friday before Easter is called Good Friday, the Friday of Holy
Week, where Christians commemorate the crucifixion and death of Jesus. One
Sunday in the range March 22 to April 25 is Easter or Resurrection Sunday
which celebrates the resurrection of Jesus. For some Christians, Easter is a day of
religious services and the gathering of family. Many Americans follow the
tradition of coloring hard-boiled eggs and giving children baskets of candy. On the
next day, Easter Monday, the President of the United States holds an annual Easter
egg roll on the White House lawn for young children. Not generally observed by
most businesses as it always falls on a Sunday. Most financial markets and some
other businesses close on the Friday prior, Good Friday (which is a state holiday in
many states). Protestant Churches and the Roman Catholic Church celebrate Easter
on a different Sunday (most years) than the Eastern Orthodox churches. April 22
(varies by location and observance) is Earth Day a celebration of
environmentalism. The last Friday in April is called Arbor Day a day for planting


trees. May 5th is Cinco de Mayo Primarily a celebration of Mexican culture by
Mexican-Americans living in the United States. Although this is the anniversary of
the victory of the Mexican Army over the French at the Battle of Puebla in 1862,

Cinco de Mayo is far more important in the USA than in México itself, often
celebrated even by non-Mexican-Americans. Additionally, this "holiday" is often
mistaken by Americans as being Mexican Independence Day, which is actually
observed on September 16. The second Sunday in May is Mother's Day which
honors mothers and motherhood (it was made a "Federal Holiday" by Presidential
order, although most Federal agencies are already closed on Sundays). June 14th is
Flag Day and it commemorates the adoption of the flag of the United States, in
1777. The third Sunday in June is Father's Day. Father’s Day honors fathers and
fatherhood. August 26th is Women's Equality Day celebrating the fight for and
progress towards, equality for women. Women's Equality Day was established by
the United States Congress in 1971 to commemorate two anniversaries: Passage of
the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution ensuring Woman
Suffrage in 1920 and a nation-wide demonstration for equal rights, the Women's
Strike for Equality, in 1970. September 11th is Patriot Day, a discretionary day of
remembrance designated in memory of the 2,977 casualties in the September 11,
2001 attacks. September 17th is Constitution/Citizenship Day and commemorates
the adoption of the Constitution of the United States. In September or October
(depending on the Hebrew (Jewish) calendar) Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are
celebrated. October 9 Leif Erikson Day A holiday to swim, imitate Vikings, and
celebrate that Leif Ericson was the first European to set foot on America. October
31 Halloween Celebrates All Hallow's Eve, decorations include jack o'lanterns,
costume wearing parties, and candy such as candy corn are also part of the holiday.
Kids go trick-or-treating to neighbors who give away candy. Not generally
observed by businesses. First Tuesday after the first Monday in November


Election Day Observed by the federal and state governments in applicable years;
legal holiday in some states. The fourth Friday in November is called “Black
Friday”; the day after Thanksgiving, it is traditionally the beginning of the
Christmas shopping season in the United States. Black Friday is not actually a
holiday, but many employers give their employees the day off, increasing the
number of potential shoppers. December (depends on Hebrew calendar) Hanukkah
an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Second
Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt of the 2nd century BC.
December 7, Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day is a day set aside to commemorate
the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese on December 7, 1941 and to honor and
mourn those Americans killed in the attack. December 21 Winter Solstice, the
winter solstice is the day with the least daylight in the Northern Hemisphere.
December 24 Christmas Eve Day before Christmas Day December 26 through
January 1 Kwanzaa African American holiday celebration created in 1966 by Dr.
Maulana Ron Karenga. December 31 New Year's Eve, is the final Day of the
Gregorian year is usually accompanied by much celebration.


Bank holiday
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the public holiday in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland.
A bank holiday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom or in Ireland. There is no automatic
right to time off on these days, although the majority of the population is granted time off work
or extra pay for working on these days, depending on their contract. The first official bank
holidays were the four days named in the Bank Holidays Act 1871, but today the term is
colloquially used for public holidays which are not officially bank holidays, for example Good
Friday and Christmas Day.

List of current UK & Ireland’s holidays
Current bank and public holidays
Date
1 January
2 January
17 March
The Friday before Easter Sunday
The Monday after Easter Sunday
29 April 2011
First Monday in May
Last Monday in May
First Monday In June
12 July
First Monday in August
Last Monday in August
Last Monday in October
30 November
25 December
26 December
BOLD = holidays that are also celebrated in the United States



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