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bài tập tiếng anh ( thi tuyển vào lớp 10)

¤N TËP M¤N TIÕNG ANH THCS & THPT LỚP10
I/ Choose the word that has the underlined pronounced differently from the others
1. A. cheap
2. A. dumb
3. A. doctor
4. A. disable
5. A. passion
6. A. capable
7. A. mouse
8. A. computer
9. A. put
10. A. food
11. A. destination
12. A. opposition
13. A. reason
14. A. pagoda
15. A. convenient
16. A. heavy
17. A. schooling
18. A. receive
19. A. narrow

20. A. tragic
21. A. mentally
22. A. disabled
23. A. demonstration
24. A. fasten
25. A. announce
26. A. love
27. A. name
28. A. church
29. A. private
30. A. background
31. A. destination
32. A. chat
33. A. during
34. A. break
35. A. children
36. A. alarm
37. A. although
38. A. understand
39. A. important
40. A. ease
1
B
21
B

2
A
22
A

3
D
23
B

4
B
24
A


5
C
25
C

B. deaf
B. believe
B. sorrow
B. opposion
B. gradually
B. magical
B. house
B. document
B. multiply
B. poor
B. sundeck
B. photography
B. each
B. geography
B. permission
B. deaf
B. channel
B. country
B. romantic
B. ambitious
B. keyboard
B. subtract
B. opposition
B. transplant
B. plough
B. wonderful
B. narrow
B. children
B. scientist
B. tragic
B. sundeck
B. panic
B.pump
B. lead
B. contented
B. announce
B. house
B. lunch
B. ride
B. death
6
D
26
D

7
C
27
A

8
D
28
C

C. eaten
C. disabled
C. demonstration
C. semester
C. add
C. accurate
C. country
C. condition
C. instruction
C. school
C. weekend
C. computer
C. healthy
C. together
C. exhibition
C. weather
C. headache
C. computer
C. mature
C. destination
C. internet
C. add
C. computer
C. harrow
C. routine
C. month
C. traffic
C. chemistry
C. determine
C. general
C. weekend
C. park
C. lunch
C. meat
C. rest
C. buffalo
C. plough
C. study
C. origin
C. lead
9
A
29
C

10
B
30
A

11
D
31
D

12
D
32
C

D. teach
D. about
D. opposition
D. subtract
D. stimulate
D. miraculous
D. about
D accuracy
D. subject
D. tooth
D. event
D. glorious
D. seat
D. garden
D. wildlife
D. seat
D. technology
D. magical
D. passion
D. dial
D. demonstration
D. gradually
D. consuming
D. bank
D. house
D. problem
D. language
D. change
D. realize
D. intelligent
D. event
D. passenger
D. buffalo
D. cheap
D. several
D. passenger
D. without
D. busy
D. opinion
D. meat
13
C
33
A

14
B
34
A

15
D
35
A

16
D
36
D

17
B
37
A

18
A
38
C

19
C
39
B

20
D
40
B

ĐÁP ÁN

1. a. generous

b. suspicious

c. constancy

d. sympathy

2. a. acquaintance

b. unselfish

c. attraction

d. humorous


3. a. loyalty

b. success

4. a. carefully

b. correctly

5. a. excited

b. interested

c. incapable
c. seriously
c. confident

43. a. majority

b. minority

d. personally

44. a. marvelous

b. argument

d. memorable

45. a. departure

b. separate

6. a. organise

b. decorate

7. a. refreshment

b. horrible

c. exciting

d. intention

8. a. knowledge

b. maximum

c. athletics

d. marathon

9. a. difficult

b. relevant

c. divorce

d. sincere

d. promise

c. volunteer

d. interesting

c. solution

d. obedient

10. a. confidence

b. supportive

11. a. whenever

b. mischievous

c. hospital

d. separate

12. a. introduce

b. delegate

c. marvelous

d. currency

13. a. develop

b. conduction

14. a. counterpart

b. measurement

c. romantic

d attractive

15. a. government

b. technical

c. parallel

d. understand

16. a. Pyramid

b. Egyptian

17. a. construction b. suggestion
18. a. dedicate

b. impressive

c. partnership

d. majority

c. belongs

d. century

c. accurate

d. hi-jacket

c. reminder

b. company

20. a. electric

b. computer

21. a. domestic

b. investment

c. technical
c. fascinate
c. substantial

d. enjoyable

c. apoplectic

d. maximum

c. neccessary

d.wrongdoing
46. a. attention

b. approriate

c. terrible

d. non-verbal

47. according

b. informality

c. expensive

d.

b. consider

c. politely

d. compliment

acceptable
48. a. assistance

49. a. mischievous b. family

c. supportive

d. suitable

50. a. memory

b. typical

c. reward

d. marketing

51. a. stimulate

b. generate

c. secure

d. estimate

52. a. politic

b. historic

c. electric

d. specific

53. a. reference

b. accident

c. coincide

d. formulate

54. a. deposit

b. dramatist

c. register

d. community

55. a. earthquake

b. transaction

c. applicant

d. patriot
d. synthetic

56. a. degree

b. virtually

c. assembly

57. a. coincide

b. community

c. conception

d. committee

d. interview

58. a. envelop

b. astronaut

c. tuberculosis

d. poverty

d. fantastic

59. a. altitude

b. recover

c. comedy

d. library

60. a. demonstrate

b. beatify

c successful

d.

61. a. aacountant

b. discover

c. meessenger

d. unlucky

62. a. marathon

b. advertise

c. industry

63. a. subsequent

b. undergo

c. government

64. a. chaotic

b. proposal

c. occupy

65. a. piano

b. policeman

c. museum

d. souvenir

66. a. guarantee

b. recommend

c. represent

d. illustrate

67. a. agency

b. memory

c. encounter

d. influence

c. Internet

d. demanding

d.

descendant
19. a. remember

c. partnership

d. undergo

22. a. confident

b. influence

c. computer

d. remember

23. a. optimist

b. powerful

c. terrorist

d. contrary

24. a. government

b. destruction

c. contribute

d. depression

25. a. institute

b. consumption

c. specific

26. a. tableland

b. apparent

c. atmosphere

d. applicant

27. a. vulnerable

b. satelite

c. eleven

d. element

28. a. arrival

b. technical

c. proposal

d. approval

29. a. empire

b. employer

c. conductor

d. transitor

30. a. celebrate

b. fascinating

c. survive

d. elephant

31. a. habitat

b. generate

c. canoe

d. penalty

32. a. expression

b. decisive

c. dependent

d.

33. a. decision

b. reference

c. refusal

d. important

34. a. cooperate

b. permanent

c. recognise

d. industry

35. a. attractive

b. sociable

c. dynamic

d.

d. encounter

independence

conservative

comfortable

d. conclusion
d. enterprise
d. production

68. a. well-being

b. reality

69. a. encourage

b. determine

c. emphasize

d.

70. a. understand

b. grandparents

c. family

d. wonderful

71. a. essential

b. furniture

c. opposite

d. fortunate

72. a. crocodile

b. corridor

c. enormous

73. a. habitat

b. pollution

c. construction

74. classify

b. biologist

c. benefit

maintenance

d. northerly
d. extinction
d. serious

36. a. entertain

b. enjoyable

c. anniversary

d. introduce

75. a. endangered

b. survival

c. commercial

37. a. approval

b. attractive

c. sacrifice

d. romantic

76. a. mosquito

b. animal

c. crocodile

d. buffalo

38. a. conical

b. ancestor

77. a. unnoticed

b. reunited

c. incredible

d. survival

39. a. romantic

b. following

40. a. maintenance b. appearace
41. a. contactual

b. significant

42. a. appearance

b. measurement

c. ceremony

d. traditional

d. industry

c. sumary

d. physical

78. a. imagine

b. opinion

c. incredible

d. wilderness

c. develop

d. different

79. a. recommend

b. thoroughly

c. travelling

d. fascinate

d. demanding

80. a. character

b. publisher

c. wonderful

d. understand

c. Asia
c. counterpart

d. cultural


81. a. dependable

b. reliable

c. remarkable

d.

knowledgeable

91. a. understand

b. engineer

c. benefit

d.

Vietnamese

82. a. detective

b. romantic

c. history

d. adventure

b. uniform

c. yesterday

d.

93. a. dangerous

b. parachute

c. popular

d. magazine

94. a. comfortable

b. employment

c. important

d. surprising

b. regional

c. musical

d. important

96. a. difference

b. surbaban

c. Internet

d. character

97. a. beautiful

b. effective

c. favourite

d. national

98. a. attraction

b. goverment

d. requirement

99. difficult

83. a. biography

b. historic

c. discover

d. authorship

84. a. imaginary

b. scientific

c. advantage

d. reviewer

85. a. regulator

b. personal

c. referee

86. a. procedure

b. indicate

c. forefinger

d. enemy

87. a. opponent

b. penalize

c. overtime

d.

d. dangerous

synchronized
88. a. windsurfing
89. a. position
90. a. interesting

b. equipment

c. amatuer

b. fingertip

c. athletic

b. surprising

c. amusing

d. successful

92. a. applicant
employment

95. a. elegant

1b,

2d,

3a,

4b,

5a,

11a,

12a,

13c,

14c,

15d,

21d,

22c,

23d,

24a,

25b, 26b,

31c,

32d,

33b,

34a,

35b,

36b,

41c,

42a,

43c,

44d,

45d,

46c,

47b,

48a,

51c,

52a,

53c,

54a,

55b,

56b,

57a,

58c,

61c,

62d,

63b,

71a,

72c,

73a,

74b,

75d,

76a,

77b, 78,

81,

82c,

83d,

84b,

85c,

86a,

87a,

91c,

92d,

93d,

94a,

95d, 96b,

64c,

65d,

6c,
16c,

66d,

7b,
17d,
27c,
37c,

67c,

97b,

8c,

9c,

18a,
28b,

10a,
19a,

20c,

29a,

30c,

38d, 39a,

40d,

68c,

49c,

50c,

59d,

60c,

69c,

70c,

79a,

80d,

88b, 89b,
98a,

99a,

90a,
100b.

c. borrowing

b. individual

c. population

b. tradition

c. different

d. visitor
d.

unemployment
100. a. capital

KEY

d. popular

d. opera.


III/ Read the following passage and fill in each blank with only ONE word
PASSAGE 1:
Dear Oanh,
Thank you very much for your letter (1)__ arrived a few days ago. It was lovely to hear (2)_ you. I am sorry, I
haven’t written for you such (3)__ time (4)____ I studied hard to pass the final exam. However, I had agreat weekend
more than every when I went to live concerts last night with my friends. Now, I am writing to tell you (5)_the
wonderful concert is.
It is the beautiful concert I have ever taken part(6)_with many people and the miracle of sound of piano(7)_you
know, my pianist is Yiruma and in last concert I couldn’t believe that he appeared in my eyes and gave me a big hug
after his performance. I also listen a soothing music (8)___is played by him and other (9)_________ musicians. Only
when I heard his song from the stage I feel (10)____ around me seem to disappear and I can fly with many stars on
the sky to forget all my fears which I suffered before. That is amazing.
(11)__come back to my live concert. It is so cool and until now I can’t forget my feeling about it. Do you often
to go live concerts? What kind of music do you like listening to?(12)_is your favourite singer?
I am glad if you tell me about it in the next letter
I look forward to your reply
Your sincerely.
1. A. who
B. when
C. which
D. that
2. A. from
B. to
C. with
D. in
3. A. many
B. a lots
C. far
D. along
4. A. although
B. because
C. in spite of
D. beacause of
5. A. what
B. how
C. when
D. why
6. A. on
B. at
C. in
D. with
7. A. as
B. for
c. about
D. from
8. A. whom
B. whose
C. which
D. that
9. A. profession B. professional
C. good
D. bad
10. A. anything B. these
C. woman
D. him
11. A. Why
B. What about
C. Let's
D. how
12. A. whom
B. Who
C.whose
D. that
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

C

A

D

B

B

C

A

C

B

A

C

B

PASSAGE 2: COMPLETE SUITABLE WORD
Morning, everyone. Quiet, please. OK, I’m going to give you(1)__ advice(2)___help you prepare for the exams next
week. So make notes as I’m talking(3)__you ready?
While you are studying, eat food that gives you energy. Don’t be tempted to eat sweets or drink cola. Sugar(4)___
help you study but fruit and cereals will. Apples are especially good.
Find a comfortable place with plenty of light when you study. But not ‘too’ comfortable or you’ll fall asleep!
Try and keep a positive mind. It is easier to study when you are positive and relaxed. If you start(5)_____ anxious,
have a break. Go out for a stroll(6)____ the block.
Don’t try to learn everything. There isn’t time. Choose the ‘important’ things, the things that will get you(7)___points in
an exam. If you aren’t sure about this, ask me.
First learn the main ideas and don’t worry too much about the details. If you have time, you can come back later and
read the details.
(8)__notes of these key points and read them, then cover them(9)_and try to remember all the points. It might be
boring, but repetition helps you to remember.
Use past exam papers to study. They will help you understand what kind of questions come up. There are plenty of
past exam papers in the library. You can photocopy them and take them home.
Take regular breaks while you are studying. A five-minute break(10)___half hour is usually enough. Get some fresh
air and stretch your arms and legs. Drink a glass of water too. It’s important to keep hydrated.
And, last but not least, good luck! I’m sure you will all do your best


ĐÁP ÁN
1
some

2
to

3
are

4
won't

5
feeling

6
around

7
most

8
make

9
up

10
every

PASSAGE 3

Choose the best answer a,b,c or d to complete the reading passage below.
Around the age of sixteen,you must make one of the biggest decisions of your life. Do I stay on at school
and hopefully go on to university....1....? Do I leave and start work or begin training....2.... ?
The decision is yours,but it may be....3....remembering two things:There is more unemployment....4....people who haven’t been to university,and people who have the right....5....will have a big
advantage in the competition for jobs.
If you decide to go....6.... into a job, there are many opportunities for training. Getting qualification
will....7....you to get on more quickly in many careers,and evening classes allow you to learn....8....you
earn.Starting work and taking a break to study when you are older is ....9....possibility.This way,you can
save up money for your student days as well as ....10.... practical work experience.
1, a-after b-later c-then
d-past
2, a-school b-class c-course d-term
3, a-worth b-necessary c-important d-useful
4, a-between b-among c-with
d-through
5, a-notes b-papers
c-arts
d-skills
6, a-straight b-just
c-direct
d-rather
7, a-make b-help
c-let
d-give
8, a-where b-while
c-when
d-what
9, a-also
b-again
c-another d-always
10, a-getting b-making c-taking d-doing

ĐÁP ÁN
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

c

c

a

b

d

a

b

d

c

a

PASSAGE 4

It can take a long time to become successful in your chosen field, however talented you are. One
thing you have to be (1) _______ of is that you will face criticism along the way. The world is (2)_________
of people who would rather say something negative than positive. If you’ve made up your (3)_______ to
achieve a certain goal, such as writing a novel, (4)_________ the negative criticism of others prevent you
from reaching your target, and let the constructive criticism have a positive effect on your work. If someone
says you’re totally in the (5)______ of talent, ignore them. That’s negative criticism. If (6), __________,
someone advises you to revise your work and gives you a good reason for doing so, you should consider
their suggestions carefully. There are many film stars (7)__________ were once out of work . There are
many famous novelists who made a complete mess of their first novel – or who didn’t, but had to keep on
approaching hundreds of publishers before they could get it (8) ________. Being successful does depend
on luck, to a (9)________ extent. But things are more likely to (10) ________ well if you persevere and stay
positive.


Câu 1: A. alert

B. clever

C. intelligent

D. aware

Câu 2:
A. overflowing

B. packed

C. filled

D. full

Câu 3:
A. idea

B. brain

C. thought

D. mind

Câu 4:
A. shouldn’t let

B. won’t let

C. didn’t let

D. don’t let

Câu 5:
A. absentee

B. shortage

Câu 6A. hence

C. missing

B. whereas

D. lack

C. otherwise

D. however

Câu 7:
A. which

B. whom

Câu 8: A. publish

C. they

B. to publish

D. who
C. publishes

D. published

Câu 9:
A. plenty

B. numerous

C. definite

D. certain

Câu 10:
A. sail through

B. come into

C. deal with

D. turn out

ĐÁP ÁN
1. Đáp án:D

6. Đáp án: D

Be aware of something/somebody/ that clause = nhận thức được ai, cái gì,

However = tuy nhiên. Hence = vì thế. Whereas = trong khi đó. Otherwise =

điều gì

nếu không thì

2. Đáp án: D

7. Đáp án:D

Be full of something = chứa đầy cái gì

Film stars = những ngôi sao điện ảnh. Đại từ quan hệ bổ nghĩa cho danh

3. Đáp án: D
Make up one’s mind = đưa ra quyết định
4. Đáp án: D
Let somebody/something + V = để cho ai, cái gì làm điều gì. Don’t let the
negative criticism prevent you = đừng để những phê bình tiêu cực ngăn

từ đứng trước nó chỉ người là “who”, hoặc “that”
8. Đáp án: D
Get something + past participle = thu xếp cho cái gì của mình được tác
động vào giúp. Get it published = khiến nó được xuất bản
9. Đáp án: D

cản bạn

To a certain extent = tới một mức độ nhất định

5. Đáp án: D

10. Đáp án: D

In the lack of something = khi thiếu hụt cái gì đó

(Something) Turn out = xảy ra, diễn ra

PASSAGE 5;
Statesmen define a family as “a group of individuals having a common dwelling and related by blood,
adoption or marriage, (1) ______________includes common-law relationships.” Most people are born into
one of these groups and (2) ______________live their lives as a family in such a group.
Although the definition of a family may not change, (3) ______________.relationship of people to
each other within the family group changes as society changes. More and more wives are (4)
______________paying jobs, and, as a result, the roles of husband, wife and children are changing.
Today, men expect to (5)______________. for pay for about 40 years of their lives, and, in today’s
marriages (6)______________. which both spouses have paying jobs, women can expect to work for
about 30 to 35 years of their lives. This mean that man must learn to do their share of family tasks


such as caring for the children and daily (7)______________chores. Children, too, especially adolescents,
have to (8)______________with the members od their family in sharing household tasks.
The widespread acceptance of contraception has meant that having (9)______________ is as matter
of choice, not an automatic result of marriage. Marriage itself has become a choice. As alternatives
(10)______________ common-law relationships and single-parent families have become socially
acceptable, women will become more independent.
1)

A. which

2)

A. must

B. need

3)

A. a

B. any

C. some

D. the

4)

A. taking

B. making

C. keeping

D. performing

5)

A. live

B. work

C. hope

D. ask

6)

A. in

B. for

C. with

D. to

7)

A. home

B. family

C. house

D. household

8)

A. carry

B. deal

C. cooperate

D. combine

9)

A. time

B. families

C. happiness

D. children

10) A. similar to

B. that

C. what

D. it

C. would

B. like

D. will

C. such as

D. or else

ĐÁP ÁN
1. A

6. A

Which là đại từ quan hệ thay cho adoption marriage (cái mà bao gồm cả

Do ở trên có “in today’s marriages”, “in which” là thay thế cho cụm này

những mối quan hệ thực tế), không dùng “that” vì có dấu phẩy
2. D

7. D
Cụm: household chores: việc nhà

Will + V: Hầu hết mọi người sinh ra trong nhóm người như vậy và sẽ sống
cuộc sống như 1 gia đình

8. C
cooperate with sb: làm việc cùng với ai đó

3. D
The relationship: những mối quan hệ của con người nói chun

9. D
Câu này là: sự chấp nhận rộng rãi việc tránh thai nghĩa là không có con

4. D

(have children)

take paying jobs: đảm nhiệm các công việc

10. C

5. B

Câu này là: những sự thay thế khác (cho hôn nhân) như là những mối

Câu này dịch là: ngày nay, đàn ông mong muốn làm việc để chi trả cho

quan hệ thực tế, gia đình có bố/mẹ đơn thân đã ngày được chấp nhận hơn

cuộc sống được trong khoảng 40 năm

PASSAGE 6:
Nearly 200 of the 1500 native plant species in Hawaii are at risk of going extinct in the near future because they have been (33)_______ to such low numbers.
Approximately 90 percent of Hawaii's plants are found nowhere else in the world but they are (34)_______ by alien invasive species such as feral goats, pigs,
rodents and (35)_______ plants.
The Hawaii Rare Plant Restoration Group is striving to (36)_______ the extinction of the 182 rare Hawaiian plants with fewer than 50 individuals remaining
in the (37)_______ . Since 1990, (38)_______ a result of their "Plant Extinction Prevention Program", sixteen species have been brought into (39)_______ and
three species have been reintroduced. Invasive weeds have been removed in key areas and fencing put up in order to (40)_______ plants in the wild.
In the future the Hawaii Rare Plant Restoration Program aims (41)_______ collecting genetic material from the remaining plants in the wild for storage
as a safety net for the future. They also aim to manage wild populations and where possible reintroduce species into (42)_______ .
33. A. developed

B. reduced

C. disappeared

D. increased

34. A. conserved

B. guarded

C. invested

D. threatened

35. A. native

B. national

C. international

D. non-native


36. A. prevent

B. influence

37. A. wild

B. sky

38. A. so

B. due

39. A. contamination

C. encourage
C. hole

D. atmosphere

C. as

B. production

40. A. derive

D. stimulate

D. but

C. cultivation

D. generation

B. vary

C. remain

D. protect

41. A. at

B. on

C. with

D. for

42. A. shelters

B. reserves

C. gardens

D. halls

HƯỚNG DẪN GIẢI
33. Đáp án B

Cụm “as a result of”: Theo như kết quả của…

“have been reduced to such low numbers”: bị giảm đến một số lượng thấp

39. Đáp án B

34. Đáp án D

“bring into production”: đem vào tiến hành sản xuất/trồng trọt

“to be threatened by”: bị đe doạ bởi

40. Đáp án D

35. Đáp án D

“protect”: bảo vệ; “remain”:duy trì, còn sót lại; “vary”: thay đổi, biến đổi;
“derive”:thu được từ, tìm thấy từ…

“non-native plants”: loại thực vật sống ở vùng mà không phải nơi nó
thường sống

41. Đáp án A

36. Đáp án A

Động từ “aim” (nhắm vào việc gì, quyết tâm làm gì…) đi với giới từ “at” +
doing something

“prevent the extinction”: ngăn chặn sự tuyệt chủng

42. Đáp án B

37. Đáp án A

“reserves” ở đây chúng ta có thể dịch là hạn chế, vì trước đó có dùng cụm

“in the wild”: ở nơi hoang dã

“manage wild populations” kiềm chế số lượng)

38. Đáp án C

PASSAGE 7:
The first question we might ask is: What can you learn in college that will help you in being an employee? The schools teach (55) _______ many things of
value to the future accountant, doctor or electrician. Do they also teach anything of value to the future employee? Yes, they teach the one thing that it is perhaps
most valuable for the future employee (56)_______. But very few students bother to learn it. This basic skill is the ability to organize and express ideas in writing
and in speaking. This means that your success as an employee will depend on your ability to communicate with people and to (57) _______ your own thoughts
and ideas to them so they will (58) _______ understand what you are driving and be persuaded.
Of course, skill in expression is not enough (59) _______ itself. You must have something to say in the first place. The effectiveness of your job depends (60)
_______ your ability to make other people understand your work as they do on the quality of the work itself.
Expressing one’s thoughts is one skill that the school can (61) _______ teach. The foundations for skill in expression have to be (62) _______ early: an
interest in and an ear (63) _______ language; experience in organizing ideas and data, in brushing aside the irrelevant, and above all the habit of verbal
expression. If you do not these foundations (64) _______ your school years, you may never have an opportunity again.
Question 55: A. a great B. large
Question 56: A. to knowB. how to know
Question 57: A. transfer

C. a large
C. knowing

D. great
D. of knowing

B. present

C. interpret
D. not

Question 58: A. both

B. as well

C. either

Question 59: A. on

B. by

C. in

D. for

B. much on

C. most on

Question 60: A. on most
Question 61: A. truly

B. really

C. quite

D. hardly

Question 62: A. lied

B. lain

C. lay

D. laid

Question 63: A. in

B. by

C. if

D. for

Question 64: A. when

B. for

C. of

D. during

D. represent

D. on much


HƯỚNG DẪN GIẢI
55. Đáp án: A

60. Đáp án: B

Bản thân từ “many” nghĩa là nhiều. Để nhấn mạnh mức độ rất nhiều ta có

Depend on something = phụ thuộc vào cái gì. Depend much on = phụ

thể dùng: a great many

thuộc nhiều vào…

56. Đáp án: A

61. Đáp án: B

It + is/was + adj + (for somebody) to V = đó là thế nào (đối với ai đó) để

Really = thật sự. Truly = một cách đúng sự thực. Quite = khá là. Hardly =

làm việc gì. it is perhaps most valuable for the future employee to know =

hiếm khi

có thể đó là điều giá trị nhất để những nhân viên tương lai biết
57. Đáp án: B

62. Đáp án: D
Lay foundation (for something) = đặt nền móng cho cái gì. The foundations

Present = trình bày, thể hiện

… have to be laid early = nền tảng cho kĩ năng trình bày cần được đặt nền
móng từ sớm

58. Đáp án: A
Both … and… = vừa … và vừa… They will both understand what you are
driving and be persuaded. = học sẽ vừa hiểu điều bạn đang nhắm tới và
vừa bị thuyết phục

63. Đáp án: D
An ear for something = khả năng lắng nghe cái gì
64. Đáp án: D

59. Đáp án: B

During + something = trong suốt khoảng thời gian gì. When + mệnh

By itself = một mình nó. Dịch: dĩ nhiên là chỉ mình kĩ năng trong việc thể

đề/Ving = trong khi (ai) làm gì

hiện, bày tỏ là không đủ

PASSAGE 8:
In most of the earliest books for children, illustrations were an afterthought. But in the Caldecott "toy books" which first (28)............ in 1878, they were almost
(29)............ important as the lines of text, and occupied far more space in the book. One can almost read the story from the dramatic action in the pictures.
(30)............ then, thousands of successful picture books have been published in the United States and around the world. In the best, the words and illustrations
seem to complement each other perfectly. Often a single person is responsible (31)............ both writing and illustrating the book. One of (32)............, and
certainly one of the most successful, illustrator-authors was Dr. Seuss, (33)............ real name was Theodor Geisel. His first children's book, And to Think That I
Saw It on Mulberry Street, hit the market in 1937, and the world of children's literature was changed forever. Seuss's playful drawings were a perfect complement
to his engaging stories and (34)............ characters. In 1957, Seuss's The Cat in the Hat (35)............ the first book in Random House's best-selling series,
Beginner Books, written by Seuss and several (36)............ authors. These combine outrageous illustrations of people, creatures, and plants, and playful stories
written (37)............ very simple language.

Question 28. A. showed

B. emerged

C. appeared

D. happened

Question 29. A. less

B. more

C. as

D. most

Question 30. A. Before

B. By

C. Since

D. Till

Question 31. A. for

B. to

C. with

D. at

Question 32. A. the great

B. the greatest

C. the greatness

D. the greater

Question 33. A. whom

B. who

C. whose

D. who’s

Question 34. A. forgetful

B. forgotten

C. forgetting

D. unforgettable

Question 35. A. became

B. had become

C. would become

D. has become

Question 36. A. other

B. one another

C. each other

D. another

Question 37. A. about

B. at

C. from

D. in


HƯỚNG DẪN GIẢI
28. C

“whose” là trạng từ quan hệ thay thế cho Dr. Seuss’ => “whose real name”
= Dr. Seuss’ real name

Appear = xuất hiện

34. D

Emerge = nổi lên

Chỗ trống đứng trước danh từ “characters” nên phải là một tính từ;

=> appear sát nghĩa hơn

“unforgettable characters” = những nhân vật không thể quên

29. C

35. A

So sánh hơn: Subject + to be as + adjective + as Object

“In 1957,…” => Nói về hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ nên động từ chia ở

30. C

quá khứ đơn => became

Since then = Kể từ đó => Theo sau là mệnh đề ở thì hoàn thành

36. A

31. A

Other authors = Những tác giả khác

To be responsible for smt = Có trách nhiệm với cái gì

One another = each other = nhau

32. B

Another authors => Những tác giả khác (phải xác định cụ thể là ai)

So sánh hơn nhất vì tính từ “successful” cũng ở dạng so sánh hơn nhất =>

37. D

One of the greatest and certainly one of the most successful illustratorauthors… = Một trong số tuyệt vời nhất và chắc chắn là một trong số thành
công nhất trong những họa sĩ minh họa-tác giả…

“playful stories written in very simple language” = những câu chuyện thú vị
được viết ở ngôn ngữ đơn giản
Viết ở ngôn ngữ nào dùng giới từ “in”

33. C

PASSAGE 9:
Most Americans eat three meals (40) ______ the day: breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Breakfast begins between 7:00 and 8:00am, lunch between 11:00 am and
noon, and dinner between 6:00 and 8:00 pm. On Sundays "brunch" is a (41) ______ of breakfast and lunch, typically beginning at 11:00 am. Students often enjoy
a "study break" or evening snack around 10:00 or 11:00 pm. Breakfast and lunch tend to be light meals, with only one (42) ______. Dinner is the main meal.
(43) ______ breakfast Americans will eat cereal with milk which are often mixed (44) ______ in a bowl, a glass of orange juice, and toasted bread or
muffin with jam, butter, or margarine. Another common breakfast meal is scrambled eggs or (45) ______ omelet with potatoes and breakfast meat (bacon or
sausage). People who are on (46) ______ eat just a cup of yogurt. Lunch and dinner are more (47) ______. When eating at a formal dinner, you may be
overwhelmed by the number of utensils. How do you (48) ______ the difference between a salad fork, a butter fork, and a dessert fork? Most Americans do not
know the answer (49) ______ But knowing which fork or spoon to use first is simple: use the outermost utensils first and the utensils closest to the plate last.
Question 40. A. in
Question 41. A. addition

B. for
B. connection

Question 42. A. course

B. food

Question 43. A. For

B. In

Question 44. A. each other

B. together

Question 45. A. a

B. an

C. on

D. during

C. combination

D. attachment

C. menu

D. goods

C. At

D. With

C. one another
C. the

D. others
D. no article

Question 46. A. holiday

B. engagement

C. diet

D. duty

Question 47. A. vary

B. variety

C. varied

D. variously

Question 48. A. say

B. talk

C. speak

D. tell

Question 49. A. too

B. either

C. so

D. neither

HƯỚNG DẪN GIẢI


44. Đáp án: B
Cấu trúc: mix+ sth+and+sth+ together. Ở câu này, “together” được đảo lên
sát với “mix”.

40. Đáp án: D

45. Đáp án: B

Câu đầu tiên “Most Americans eat three meals ______ the day” hầu hết
người Mỹ ăn 3 bữa… mỗi ngày -> chọn từ “during”= trong suốt là hợp lý

Trước từ “omelet”= trứng tráng thì điền giới từ “an” vì “o” là nguyên âm và

nhất.

“omelet” là danh từ chưa xác định.

41. Đáp án: C

46. Đáp án: C

Cấu trúc: combination of + A, B,.. +and+ N: sự kết hợp của A,B,… và N.

Vì chủ đề ở đây là về các bữa ăn của người Mỹ-> chọn từ “diet”= ăn kiêng.

Dịch dòng 3 : vào chủ nhật, bữa ăn nửa buổi là sự kết hợp của bữa sáng

Holiday= lễ hội, engagement= cam kết, duty= nhiệm vụ.

và trưa.

47. Đáp án: C

42. Đáp án: A

“Lunch and dinner are more___” sau Tobe cần điền 1 tính từ-> varied

“Breakfast and lunch tend to be light meals, with only one___”:bữa sáng và

(adj)= đa dạng, vary(v), variety(n), variously(adv).

trưa hướng đến bữa nhẹ, chỉ với… -> có thể đoán được từ cần điền ở đây

48. Đáp án: D

là món ăn= Course

Tell the different= chỉ ra sự khác biệt.

43. Đáp án: A

49. Đáp án: B

Giới từ đi trước các bữa ăn thường dùng là “For”: for breakfast, for lunch,
for dinner.

Từ “either” đứng sau 1 cụm từ phủ định có tác dụng nhấn mạnh trong câu
văn.

PASSAGE 10:
My younger sister is a potential star of state and screen, or at least that's what she tells me. Last week she had an interview. It was for the (38)……………..of
Juliet in Shakespear’s Romeo and Juliet. It went well and she starts (39)……………..next week. This is the first play that she has been in, but she has done quite
a lot of TV advertising work and she has been in a couple of films. The last film she was in was called The magician. It was set in ancient Egypt and she was in a
crowd (40)……………..with thousands of other people. When I went to see it, I sat in the front (41)……………..so that I could see the (42)…………….. really
clearly, but I couldn’t pick out my sister in the crowd. She says the (43)……………..was one of the best professionals she has worked with but I must say the (44)
……………..seemed a bit stupid to me. It was all about a very clever magician who had managed to travel back through time to the Court of Tutankhamen. The
(45)……………..were magnificent and so were some of the sets but having an actor saying
(46)……………..in present day American English just didn’t work. The ending was really ridiculous. The magician got accidentally buried with Tutankhamen.
Funnily enough, the rest of the (47)……………..seemed to have rather enjoyed the film.
Câu 38:

A. position

B. job

C. post

D. part

Câu 39:

A. exercises

B. training sessions C. rehearsals

Câu 40:

A. spot

B. scene

Câu 41:

A. file

B. row

Câu 42:

A. curtain

B. blind

Câu 43:

A. director

B. conductor

Câu 44:

A. plot

B. dialogue

Câu 45:

A. dressings

B. customs

C. costumes

D. cloths

Câu 46:

A. plays

B. lines

C. reading

D. scripts

Câu 47:

A. spectators

B. viewers

D. practices

C. scenery

D. view

C. line

D. queue

C. screen

D. board

C. master

D. chief

C. argument

D. letters

C. audience

D. public
HƯỚNG DẪN GIẢI

38

D

“part” ở đây được hiểu là phân cảnh, vai diễn
It was for the part of Juliet in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet: Nó là vai

“rehearsals”: sự diễn tập, buổi diễn tập (cho vở kịch…)
40

B

“scene”: cảnh (trong phim)

của Juliet trong Romeo và Juliet của Shakespeare.

Cần phân biệt với scenery: phong cảnh, dụng cụ dựng cảnh (trên sân khấu)

39

41

C

B


“the front row”: hàng ghế đầu (trong nhà hát, rạp…)

45

42

“costumes”: trang phục được mặc bởi người (ví dụ như diễn viên) nhằm tạo

C

“screen”: màn hình
Tác giả đang diễn tả 1 buổi xem phim, screen là màn hình đang chiếu phim
đó
43

C

sự giống với người hoặc cái gì đó
46

B

“line” trong lĩnh vực điện ảnh được hiểu là lời thoại của nhân vật
A

47

C

“director”: đạo diễn

“audience”: thính giả (vở kịch, ca nhạc, phim…)

3 từ còn lại không có liên quan đến điện ảnh

“viewers”: khán giả truyền hình (xem thông qua TV)

44

“spectators”: khán giả (đi xem một sự kiện, thể thao, hoạt động …nào đó)

A

“plot”: kịch bản (cho một bộ phim, một câu chuyện)

BÀI TẬP VỀ IN SPITE OF/ ALTHOUGH/ BECAUSE/ BECAUSE OF
1. Although Nam is not an intelligent student, he can learn very fast.

1. Despite / In spite of not being an intelligent student, he can learn very

=> Despite / In spite of ______________________________________.

fast.

2. Because Hoa was rich, she could buy that house.
=> Because of _____________________________.

2. Because of Hoa’s richness, she could buy that house.

3. Because the rain was so heavy, I couldn't go to school.
=> Because of _________________________________.
4. His father asked him to go stay at home because he was sick.

3. Because of the heavy rain, I couldn't go to school.

=> Because of ______________________________________.
5. Because there was an accident, I was late.

4. Because of his sickness his father asked him to go stay at home.

=> Because of _______________________.
6. She failed the University entrance exam because her grades were bad.
=> Because of _____________________________________________.

5. Because of an accident, I was late.

7. Although he has a physical handicap, he has become a successful business
man.

6. She failed the University entrance exam because of her bad grades .

=> Despite
________________________________________________________.
8. Because of the cheap price, my wife insists on buying the Tivi.
=> Because __________________________________________.

7. Despite his physical handicap, he has become a successful business
man.

9. Although it was raining heavily, we still went to school.
=> Despite / In spite of ____________________.

8. Because the price is cheap, my wife insists on buying the Tivi.

10. Because I studied hard, I passed the exam.
=> Because of ________________________

9. Despite / In spite of the heavy rain, we still went to school.

10. Because of studying hard , I passed the exam.

1 Although Tom was a poor student, he studied very well.

1) Although Tom was a poor student, he studied very well.

=> In spite of ……

=> In spite of being a poor student, Tom studied very well

2) Mary could not go to school because she was sick.

2) Mary could not go to school because she was sick.

Because of ….

Because of being sick,Mary couldn’t go to school

3) Although the weather was bad, she went to school on time.

3) Although the weather was bad, she went to school on time.

=> Despite ….

=> Despite the bad weather,she went to school on time

4) My mother told me to go to school although I was sick.

4) My mother told me to go to school although I was sick.

=> In spite of ….

=> In spite of my sickness,my mother told me to go to school

5) Because there was a big storm, I stayed at home.

5) Because there was a big storm, I stayed at home.

=> Because of ….

=> Because of a big storm, I stayed at home

6) Tom was admitted to the university although his grades were bad.

6) Tom was admitted to the university although his grades were bad.

Despite ….

Despite Tom’s bad grade,he was admitted to the university

7) Although she has a physical handicap, she has become a successful woman.

7) Although she has a physical handicap, she has become a successful woman.


=> Despite ….

=> Despite her physical handicap,she has become a successful woman

8) In spite of his god salary, Tom gave up his job.

8) In spite of his good salary, Tom gave up his job.

=> Although….

=> Although Tom got a good salary, he gave up his job

9) Though he had not finished the paper, he went to sleep.

9) Though he had not finished the paper, he went to sleep.

=> In spite of ……

=> In spite of having not finished the paper,he went to sleep

10) In spite of the high prices, my daughter insists on going to the movies.

10) In spite of the high prices, my daughter insists on going to the movies.

=> Even though ……

=> Even though the prices are high, my daughter insists on going to the
movies

1) Many people began to wearing jeans because they were cheap.
=> Because of……..
2 ) Since he was careless, Tom lost the game.
=> Because of……..
3) Although she behaves well, no one loves her.
Despite……..
4) Because of the cold weather, the crops are late this year.
=> Because ……..
5) Mary was worried because Tom was late.
=> Because of……..
6) Tom walked slowly because his leg was bad.
=> Because of……..
7) I came here because I want the English course.
=> Because of……..
8) I went to school although it was hot.
Despite……..
9) Because the dust in the room, I can’t go in.
=> Because of……..
10) Because of too much smoke, We have to wear masks .
=> Because ……..

1) Many people began to wearing jeans because they were cheap.
=> Because of the cheapness of jeans, many people began to wearing them
2 ) Since he was careless, Tom lost the game.
=> Because of Tom’s carelessness, he lost the game
3) Although she behaves well, no one loves her.
=> Despite her good behaviour, no one loves her
4) Because of the cold weather, the crops are late this year.
=> Because the weather is cold, the crops are late this year
5) Mary was worried because Tom was late.
=> Because of Tom’s lateness, Mary was worried
6) Tom walked slowly because his leg was bad.
=> Because of Tom’s bad leg, he walked slowly
7) I came here because I want the English course.
=> Because of wanting the English course, I came here
8) I went to school although it was hot.
=> Despite the hot weather, I went to school
9) Because of the dust in the room, I can’t go in.
=> Because there is the dust in the room, I can’t go in.
10) Because of too much smoke, we have to wear masks .
=> Because there is a lot of smoke, we have to wear masks

VIẾT LẠI CÂU DỰA VÀO TỪ GỢI Ý
1. Her success went beyond her expectation.
Never .......................................................................................................
2. Tony is very charming, but I wouldn’nt trust him.
Charming .................................................................................................
3. I left without dsaying goodbye as I didn’t want to disturb the meeting.
Rather than .............................................................................................
4. If there is an emergency, ring this number.
In case ...................................................................................................
5. The thieft must have come in through the window.
The thieft almost ....................................................................................
6. Driving at that spees is dangerous although you are an experienced driver or not.
However ................................................................................................
7. Its lack of irregular verbs makes Esperanto to a unique language.
Unlike ....................................................................................................
8. You won’t find a more dedicated worker anywhere than Mrs . Jones.
Nowhere ...............................................................................................
9. The play is so popular that the theatre is likely to be full every night.
Such is .................................................................................................
10. Experts think that all dogs evolved from wolves.
All dogs ...............................................................................................

KEY
1. Never had she expected she was so successful. // such success.
2. Charming as// though Tony// he is // may be, I wouldn’t trust him// Tony.
3. Rather than disturb the meeting, I left without saying goodbye.
4. In case of emergency, ring this number.
5. The thieft almost certainly came in through the window.
6. However experinced a driver you are// you are as a driver, driving at that speed is dangerous.
7. Unlike other languages, Esperanto has no irregular verbs.
8. Nowhere will// can you find a more dedicated worker than Mrs Jones.
9. Such is the popularity of the play that the theatre is likely to be full every night.


10. All dogs are thought (by experts) to have evolved from wolves.
1. Our picnic was cancelled because it rained heavily last Sunday.
If ........................................................................................................
2. They couldn't deceive customers although they used attractive advertidement.
Whatever ..........................................................................................
3. Because the chemicals were properly combined, the prescription has brought about the expected result.
Because of .......................................................................................
4. Newspapers report that hundreds of people died in the eartquake last week.
Hundreds of people .........................................................................
5. I dislike it when people criticise me unfairly.
I object .............................................................................................
6. Years ago women were too busy to take part in social activities.
Years ago women didn't .................................................................
7. "The Times" was first printed 200 years ago.
It is ..................................................................................................
8. John outran the others in the race.
John was ........................................................................................
9. Although he was tired, he managed to finish the marathon race.
In spite of .......................................................................................
10. I must have my suit cleaned before the interview.
My suit needs ................................................................................

KEY
1. If it hadn't rained heavily last Sunday, our picnic woudn't have been cancelled.
2. Whatever attractive advertisement they used, they couldn't deceive customers.
3. Because of the proper combination of the chemicals, the prescription has brought about the expected result.
4. Hundreds of people were reported to have died in the earthquake last week.
5. I object to people criticising me unfairly.
6. Years ago women didn't have (enough) free time to take part in social activities.
7. It is 200 years since "The Times" was first printed.
8. John was the fastest runner in the race.
9. In spite of his tiredness, he managed to finish the marathon race.
10. My suit needs cleaning before the interview.



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