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TỔNG hợp đề THI và đáp án kỳ THI học SINH GIỎI lớp 10 môn ANH VÙNG DUYÊN hải và ĐỒNG BẰNG bắc bộ của các TRƯỜNG CHUYÊN TRONG cả nước

SỞ GIÁO DỤC - ĐÀO TẠO
QUẢNG TRỊ
Đề giới thiệu

ĐỀ THI CHỌN HỌC SINH GIỎI BẬC THPT
Vùng Duyên Hải Đồng Bằng Bắc Bộ
Năm học : 2013 - 2014

Đề thi gồm có 23 trang

MÔN : ANH VĂN - LỚP 10
(Thời gian làm bài : 180 phút)

SECTION I: LISTENING (15 pts)
Part 1: Questions 1-10
You will hear a man phoning to enquire about job vacancy
A.Listen and complete the notes below ( questions 1- 4) .
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND / OR A NUMBER for each
answer. LISTEN TWICE.

JOB ENQUIRY

 Work at: a restaurant
 Type of work: 1..........................
 Number of hours per week: 12 hours
 Would need work permit
 Work in the : 2............................branch
 Nearest bus stop : next to 3........................
 Pay: 4 £ ....................... an hour
B. Listen to the second part of the conversation and answer the questions from 5 to
10 ( NO MORE THAN SEVEN WORDS ) for each answer. LISTEN TWICE
5. When is extra pay offered?
...............................................
6.With what condition is the man driven home ?
...............................................
7.What sort of voice is necessary for this job?
1


................................................
8.What ability must the man have ?
...............................................
9.What is the date of the interview?
...............................................
10.What is the name of the woman he should he ask for?
..............................................
Part 2: Questions 11-15.
You will hear a conversation between an English teacher and two overseas
students named Spiros ang Hiroko who have just finished their first semester of the
university course.
Choose the correct letter A, B or C. LISTEN TWICE.
COURSE FEEDBACK
11. One reason why Spiros felt happy about his marketing presentation was that:
A. he was not nervous.
B. his style was good
C. the presentation was the best in his group.
12. What surprised Hiroko about the other students’ presentations ?
A. Their presentations were not interesting.
B. They found their presentations stressful.
C. They didn’t look at the audience enough.
13. After she gave he presentation, Hiroko felt
A. delighted

B. dissatisfied
C. embarrassed
14. How does Spiros feel about his performance in tutorials?
A. not very happy
B. really pleased
C. fairly confident
15. Why can the other students participate so easily in discussions?
2


A. They are polite to each other.
B. They agreed to take turns in speaking.
C. They know each other well.
Your answers
11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

SECTION II: PRONUNCIATION (5 pts)
Part 1. Questions 1-5
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others
of the same line.
1. A. psychiatrist B. psychiatric

C. psychics

D. psyching

2. A. parallel

B. parachute

C. parasailing

D. parabolic

3. A. postbags

B. posterior

C. postage

D. postgraduate

4. A. engineering B. sabotage

C. mirages

D. regimes

5. A. chameleon

C. chaperon

D. chemistry

B. charismatic

Part 2. Questions 6-10
Choose the word whose main stressed syllable is different from the others of the
same line.
6. A. discrepancy

B. convivial

C. gimmickry

D. irrevocable

7. A. overemphasis

B. overgeneralise C. overlord

D. overstaffed

8. A. disembark

B. disfigure

C. disgruntled

D. disintegrate

9. A. illustrative

B. illustrate

C. illustrator

D. illustrious

10. A. negligible

B. perceptible

C. collapsible

D. discernible

Your answers
1.

6.

2.

7.

3.

8.

4.

9.

5.

10.

3


SECTION III: GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY (30 pts)
Part 1. Questions 1-20
Choose the best answer A, B, C or D in each sentence to complete it. (5 pts)
1. In spite of our big effort, we have not managed to …………… enough money
for renovation of the school buildings.
A. raise

B. compose

C. rear

D. score

2. I don’t believe a ……………..of what he says.
A. sentence

B. word

C. phrase

D. matter

3. Due to the snowstorm, there was a slight ……… in my flight time.
A. corollary

B. plateau

C. culprit

D. delay

4. Even a few drops of this liquid would represent a ……… dose for a small child.
A. lethal

B. mundane

C. terminal

D. mortal

5. The polite usher ……… us to our seats in the theatre.
A. commanded

B. sent

C. helped

D. directed

6. The accountant ……… the company fund and ran away to another country.
A. swallowed

B. confiscated

C. embraced

D. embezzled

7. The government has been criticised for its new economic ……… .
A. policy

B. infrastructure

C. constitution

D. legislation

8. The silly boy only ……… at the memory, feeling rather embarrassed.
A. laughed

B. giggled

C. sniggered

D. roared

9. Her choice of word, according to the professor, is a bit ……… .
A. obsolete

B. antiquated

C. elderly

D. old-fashioned

10. The road twists and turns—it is ……… .
A. curved

B. bent

C. wavy

D. winding

11. If you go on ………… me like this, I will never be able to finish writing my
report.
A. disturbing

B. afflicting

C. concerning

D. affecting

12. Judy didn’t ………… for a second to agree to Mike’s proposal as she had been
in love with the boy for a long time.
A. decide

B. linger

C. hesitate

D. await
4


13. His ………… of the safety regulations really can’t be ignored any longer.
A. disregard

B. unfamiliarity

C. carelessness

D. inattention

14. The first thing for all of you to remember is that ………… your duties may
result in an instant dismissal.
A.escaping

B. neglecting

C. resisting

D. missing

15. Patrick is too ………… gambler to resist placing a bet on the final game.
A. instant

B. spontaneous

C. compulsive

D. continuous

16. We couldn’t stay long, so we only wished Mark many happy………… of his
birthday and hurried to the airport.
A.days

B. returns

C.moments

D. regards

17. Ever since we quarreled in the office, Janice and I have been ……… enemies.
A.assured

B. confirmed

C.defined

D.guanranteed

18. A young tourist has been declared ………… after he got lost in the mountains
last Monday.
A.absent

B.deserter

C. missing

D. vanished

19. Michael was ………… withanger when he saw his car had been scratched.
A.stored

B.fixed

C.loaded

D. filled

20. The schoolboy’s excuse wasn’t ………… at all. nobody in the classroom
believed in the far-fetched story he told.
A. credible

B. credential

C. creditable

D. credulous.

Your answers
1.

6.

11.

16.

2.

7.

12.

17.

3.

8.

13.

18.

4.

9.

14.

19.

5.

10.

15.

20.

Part 2. Questions 1-10
There are ten errors in the following passage. Underline them in the text and
correct them in the numbered box. Question (0)has been done as an example.(5
pts)
5


For more than century, robberies of every kinds have plagued nations around the
world. Bank and house robberies were common occurrence. As many were caught
so those who were not and over the year, many continued to turn to these get rich
quick methods. Despite the nature of these ‘occupation’, media reports glorified
the ingenious ways the robbers managed to escape with loot. Then, films, too, were
made about famous robberies and criminals were turned for celebrities.
More and more people began robbing houses and banks and its techniques became
more sophisticating, making it close to impossible for them to get caught. To
compound this problem, many robbers returned to their countries where they were
no rules of extraditions. As a result, many of them simply returned to their home
countries to prevent the foreign countries from punishing them.
Your answers: 0. century → a century
1.

6.

2.

7.

3.

8.

4.

9.

5.

10.

Part 3. Prepositions (5 pts)
1. Questions 1-10
Fill in each blank with one suitable preposition or particle from the following box.
Each word can only be used once.
From

in

with along

at back of together over through for into

1. She left the coffee to boil ……… in the kitchen and had to clean it up
afterwards.
2. I can hardly believe that she actually won in the face of competition ………
such a fiery writer.
3. The worsening condition of the president is giving cause ……… concern.
6


4. Local people had to take matters ……… their own hands because the governors
failed to deliver their promise.
5. Some communities, unfortunately, still remains divided ……… religious lines.
6. Their garden is over ten thousand square metres ……… extent.
7. Only when they have discussed the matter ……… great length will they draw
any conclusion.
8. Without any prior preparation, Peter sailed ……… his final exams.
9. I am afraid to say that the notes do not seem to hang ……… .
10. For sufficient records are kept, Helen can trace her ancestry ……… to the
1700s.
Your answers
1.

6.

2.

7.

3.

8.

4.

9.

5.

10.

2. Questions 11-20
Put the correct prepositions in the gaps in the text below.
I must admit that I cringe (11)………… the prospect of going to see my brother.
He is, I suppose, fairly well-read (12) ………… his field, which is medicine.
However, the way he insists (13) ………… always being right all the time,
regardless (14) ………… how well-informed his conversational adversary may be,
makes me quite angry. Whenever anything concerned (15) ………… medicine
crops up in conversation, he puffs himself up and prepares to ‘inform’ people. His
attitude (16) ………… people who get their facts slightly wrong is insufferable. He
cannot just let things go, he is just not comfortable (17) ………… inaccuracies. It
is almost as if he is dropping (18) ………… status if he fails to pick someone up
on a point. I remember him once arguing with a dinner guest for over an hour on
the difference (19) ………… the hard and soft palate! No wonder his wife is
always complaining (20) ………… him!
7


Your answers
11.

16.

12.

17.

13.

18.

14.

19.

15.

20.

Part 4. Questions 1-20 (5 pts)
Supply the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.
I must admit that Maria’s English (1-improve) everyday. Three weeks ago she
managed (2-book) us on the Portsmouth to Santander ferry at the local travel
agent’s.
The night before we (3-be) due to leave, she (4-ring) me up to remind me to be on
time. “Don’t forget the train (5-leave) at 7.35 and if we miss that, we will miss the
ferry too!” she said.
“Of course, I (6-get) there on time”, I replied, somewhat annoyed. “You are the
only one who (7-always turn up) late for things!”
Surprisingly, we both arrived at the station in time (8-catch) the train. We (9-sit) on
the train for about ten minutes when we realised, to our horror, that it (10-go) in
the wrong direction! We got off at the next station where a ticket seller informed us
that there (11-not be) another train to Portsmouth until 8.45. We explained that we
had to catch the ferry at 10 o’clock.
We shot off like lightning despite the heavy rucksacks on our backs and jumped on
the coach just as the driver (12-shut) the doors. We (13-just collapse) in our seats
with a sigh of relief when the driver announced, “Sorry everyone but the motorway
(14-still repair) so we (15-not get) to Portsmouth until 9.45.”
We groaned in despair. That (16-give) us only fifteen minutes to get to the ferry
terminal. We arrived at Portsmouth bus station at 9.40 and jumped straight into a
taxi.
“The Santander ferry terminal and please hurry”, I shouted, “or it (17-go) before
8


we get there!”
To our astonishment, the taxi driver calmly switched off the engine and turned
round. “You (18-not hear)?” he said, smiling “the ferry workers (19-come) out on
strike last night!”
“Oh no!” I cried in disbelief. “If only I (20-listen) to the news this morning!”

Your answers
1.

6.

11.

16.

2.

7.

12.

17.

3.

8.

13.

18.

4.

9.

14.

19.

5.

10.

15.

20.

Part 5. Questions 1-10 (5pts)
Read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines
to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line.

9


Archaeologists working at an (1) ....... on the island of EXCAVATE
Cyprus have discovered what are thought to be the world's
oldest known perfumes.Remnants of fourteen different
fragrances were found in a selection of mixing jugs, bottles
and stills which were (2) ....... on the site of an ancient EARTH
perfumery. The building was destroyed by an earthquake
nearly four thousand years ago, at a time when Cyprus
already enjoyed a (3) ....... as a centre of perfume - making.

REPUTED

After undergoing scientific (4) ....... , the perfumes were ANALYSE
found to contain a range of (5) ....... available ingredients, LOCAL
such as extracts of anise, pine, coriander, lemon, orange,
bergamot, almond and parsley, amongst others.
Having (6) ....... what each perfume contained, the scientists INDETITY
then set about remaking them using (7) ....... techniques to TRADITION
find out what they would actually have smelt like. They
first (8) ....... up the extracts, then mixed them with olive oil GRIND
in clay jugs before distilling them. This method is the one
recorded by writers in Ancient Roman times. Although (9) ADMIT
....... simple by today's standards, the resulting aromas
provide us with an olfactory window onto the ancient
world, and are evidence of the loving craftsmanship that
must have been applied by their (10) .......

CREATE

Part 6. Questions 1-10 (5 pts)
Fill in the blanks of the following excerpt with the most suitable linking words.
On the other hand

For

As with any other creature

But

So

This means that

This is because
But in most cases

However
also

10


Reef Encounter
Tropical fish look very colorful to our eyes, but is that how they look to each
other? Our reporter Penny gosh met the man who may have the answer.
If you are snorkeling around a coral reef, you’ll see the local marine life in all its
carnival colours. (1).........the show clearly isn’t just a tourist attraction. For the fish
that live on the reef, it’s more a matter of life and death. (2)........., the survival of a
fish species depends on two things – food supplies and breeding success.
The trouble is that eating and not being eaten both need stealth. Therefore, it is
helpful for a fish to blend into the background. To attract a mate, (3).................,
requires a certain flamboyance.
Seeing a coral reef in all its glory, you can’t help feeling that fish have completely
failed to solve this dilemma. The picture, however, only comes into focus when
you take the fish’s-eye view. (4)...............fish, according to Justin Marshall from
the Vision, Touch and Hearing Research Centre at the University of Queensland in
Brisbane, see things differently. (5) ..................our visual system is a primate one,
he says. It’s very good at seeing yellows and reds versus greens. (6) .............., 30
metres below sea level there is no red light. (7)...................fish tend to see blues
and ultraviolets well-and to be less sensitive to reds and yellows. (8)............... the
carnival looks quite different to the marine life itself. To help him discover exactly
how

different

it

looks,

Marshall

has

designed

a

unique

underwater

‘spectrophotometer’, which analyses the colours of things objectively in terms of
their physical reflection. He is (9)............... measuring the light available in
different micro-habitats. Together with information about the visual sensitivity of
individual fish species and their behavior, this equipment enables him to begin
seeing things as fish do. And it is starting to reveal how the showy and the shy can
make use of the same bright colours.
The general shift towards the blue end of spectrum in underwater light explains
why most nocturnal reef fish, such as soldierfish, squirrelfish and big-eyes, are
mainly red in colour. According to Marshall, some reef fish might see red in which
case they could capitalize on the colour blindness of others and use red markings
11


for

private

communication.

(10)..............,

red

species

are

surprisingly

inconspicuous.
Your answers
1.

6.

2.

7.

3.

8.

4.

9.

5.

10.

SECTION IV: READING COMPREHENSION
Part 1. Questions 1-15
Choose the best word(s) to fill in each blank in the following passage. (7.5 pts)
SHOPLIFTING
Last year, losses from shops through shoplifting and theft by staff amounted
to over £1 billion. There are many (1) ____for shopkeepers themselves to reduce
shoplifting. As with all types of crime, prevention is better than (2) ____The best
deterrent is the (3)____of staff

properly

trained

in

how

to

identify

potential shoplifters. There are also many security (4) ____now available
.Video camera surveillance is a popular system, even with quite small retailers. In
clothes shops, magnetic tag marking systems that set off an alarm have proved
their (5) ____However, there are many (6) ____measures that retailers should
consider. Better lighting and ceiling-hung mirrors can help staff to (7) ____ all
parts of the display area.Similarly, simply arranging shelves and display units to
allow clear (8)____of vision is a good deterrent.
Another problem for retailers is the (9) ____ of stolen credit cards to buy
goods and services. Many retailers avoid this by always checking the (10)____of
a card used for purchase.Electronic systems are now available to (11) ____up the
procedure.
Most companies keep a petty (12)____ box for small expenses. They are a
popular (13) ____ for thieves. It is not enough to have a box that locks. A thief
12


can steal it and then open it at leisure.Lock it in a drawer as well.Telephones
typewriters,word processors and computers are also vulnerable because they are
(14) ____ .Property marking is a good deterrent and helps the police return
stolen goods if they are (15) _____ And remember that in many businesses
information is valuable to competitors and should be protected.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

opportunities
remedy
knowledge
devices
reliability
better
notice
fields
employment
honesty
speed
money
robbery
portable
reported

B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

schemes
loss
presence
methods
worth
easier
watch
areas
application
forgery
check
bank
target
expensive
known

C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C

ideas
cure
number
tricks
valuation
simpler
control
systems
technique
validity
take
saving
aim
stolen
reveal

D
D
D
D
O
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

occasions
convictin
importancee
machines
identity
bigger
regard
angles
use
value
key
cash
object
attractive
traced

Your answers
1.

6.

11.

2.

7.

12.

3.

8.

13.

4.

9.

14.

5.

10.

15.

Part 2. Questions 1-15
Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with ONE suitable word.
(7.5 pts)
CRAFTY PACKAGING
During what could be described (0) …………… a typical 30-minutes supermarket
shopping trip, thousands of products will vie for your attention. Ultimately, may
13


will make you believe they are worth picking off the shelves. How, you may ask, is
this brought ……………? The answer is by packaging – the silent but persuasive
salesman.
Louis Chesking, (2) …………… research into the psychology of marketing began
in the 1930s, was pioneering specialist in the field. He placed identical products in
two different packages, one emblazoned with circles, the (3) …………… with
triangles. He then asked people which products they preferred, and why.
Amazingly, (4) …………… fewer than 80% chose the products in the box with the
circles. They believed the content would be of higher quality.
‘After 1,000 interviews, I had to accept the fact that the (5) of consumers
transferred the sensation from the container to its contents,’ Cheskin admitted later.
And there was (6) …………… surprise: even after trying out these identical
products, people overwhelmingly preferred (7) …………… in the package with
circles. Checkin also found, for instance, that the look of a packet has an enormous
impact on (8) …………… biscuits taste. Cheskin called this phenomenon
‘sensation transference’. It became the foundation not (9) …………… of his career
as a consultant to companies (10) …………… Procter & Gamble, but of much of
the research done since then.
(11)…………… increasing consumer sophistication, Cheskin’s original concept
still works. One recent experiment involved an underarm deodorant posted in
packaging of three different color schemes to a test group. The group was told that
three different formulations were (12)…………… consideration, and was asked to
judge them.
Results: One was considered just right, one to be strong-smelling but nit very
effective, and one threatening. Yet all three deodorants were exactly the
(13)……………
One leading firm designs packaging for products that do not yet exist. The
packaging is then tested and the marketing concept refined. Only (14)……………
it’s clear that the company has a winner will it (15)…………… to the expense of
actually developing the product.
14


Your answers
1.

6.

11.

2.

7.

12.

3.

8.

13.

4.

9.

14.

5.

10.

15.

Part 3. Questions 1-10
You are going to read an extract from an article. Choose the answer (A, B, C or
D) which you think fits best according to the text. (5 pts)

Leakey’s Achievement
Although he made his name with his archeological finds of early humans, Richard
Leakey became famous as the conservationist who turned the tide against elephant
poaching. Bringing the slaughter of Kenya's elephants under control required a
military solution, and Leakey was not afraid to apply it. Many poachers were
killed, giving Leakey a reputation for being a cold- blooded obsessive who put
animals before people. Moreover, his efforts to eradicate corruption in Kenya's
wildlife management system won him many enemies.
But the birth of the Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), the eradication of elephant
poaching and the ban on the international trade in ivory are his legacy, and they
form the basis of Wildlife Wars. This surprisingly personal memoir has much to
tell about the fragile relationships between conservationists and governments. It is
a story not only of Kenya, but of the continuing cost of trying to save the world's
wildlife from extinction.
Life for the average person in Africa is tough, and basic needs are far from being
met. This is the background against which Leakey fought his war, and he
constantly refers to the threat poverty poses to the preservation of Africa's
spectacular wildlife. Leakey's argument, here and in recent lectures, is that national
parks managed exclusively for biodiversity protection must be created, and that
15


this protection of our wildlife heritage should be funded by international sources.
However, in the early 1990s the development agencies favoured "communitybased" conservation. Leakey's stand on protection of parks was seen as a lack of
respect for local communities, and used against him when he resigned as head of
the KWS in 1994. Recently donors and conservationists have come to recognise
the limitations of purely local conservation programmes; there is a growing
consensus that the poor are unlikely to manage wildlife resources wisely for the
long term because their needs are immediate.
Wildlife Wars continues where Leakey's memoir One Life left off. It spans a 13year period, beginning in 1989 when Leakey became head of the KWS. Then the
elephant slaughter was at its height across Africa; it is estimated that between 1975
and 1989 the international markets for ivory in Europe, the United States and Asia
led to the death of 1.2 m elephants, slaughtered for their ivory to make piano keys,
games and fashion accessories. Kenya's herds were reduced by more than 85% by
armed poachers, who turned their guns on anything and anyone. To stop this
killing required changing the perceptions of ivory users so as to eliminate the
markets, as well as mounting an armed force against the poachers.
With both humour and seriousness, Leakey explains the sacrifices he had to make
in order to see his vision succeed.
Despite the gravity of the situation, Leakey makes light of the sometimes
comical circumstances, although it is clear that his life was at risk many times and
he worked under tremendous pressure. For many, however, the real question is
why this paleoanthropologist should risk his life for wildlife. The answer may lie
in Leakey's own depiction of himself, although obviously aggressive and driven
while running KWS, as essentially reflective. Presenting in moving terms his
introduction to elephant emotions and society, he describes his outrage at the moral
and ethical implications of poaching and culling for ivory, arguing that elephants,
apes, whales and dolphins have emotions so like those of humans that they
deserve to be treated as such.
Hard-core wildlife groups sniggered at his 'bunny- hugging' tendencies, but they
16


underestimated his impact. It is impossible to put a value on Leakey's work during
those years. As the elephant population began to recover, Kenya's tourist industry
revived to become the country's main source of revenue. An international
awareness campaign centred on an ivory bonfire, which led to the ban on ivory
trade and the collapse of ivory prices.
1. Richard Leakey is most well-known for
A. increasing wildlife budgets.
B. successfully stopping illegal hunting.
C. removing the ban on the ivory trade.
D. helping to identify man’s origins.
2. The word poaching in paragraph 1 is closest meaning to
A. cooking
B. approaching
C. hunting illegally
D. stealing
3. The word fragile in paragraph 2 has the opposite meaning to
A. sturdy
B. delicate
C. flimsy
D. brittle
4. In paragraph 3, Leakey makes the point that
A. conservation should be global responsibility.
B. a war must be fought against poverty.
C. Africa’s wildlife is an international attraction.
D. There is insufficient money to establish parks.
5. It is now becoming accepted that
A. Leakey had no regard for local communities.
B. conservation programs should be under local control
C. donors have not yet received sufficient recognition.
D. poverty makes regional conservation programmes unreliable.
17


6. The writers says that between 1975 and 1989
A. the perceptions of the use of ivory changed.
B. elephants were used to make piano keys.
C. the elephant population was decimated.
D. demand for ivory began to decrease.
7. Leakey considers himself
A. amusing
B. sentimental
C. contemplative
D. obsessive
8. The word gravity in paragraph 6 is closest meaning to
A. importance
B. force
C. weight
D. seriousness
9. What does the writer imply in the last paragraph?
A. a disease had affected elephants.
B. Leakey’s views are overly sentimental.
C. Leakey’s success in doubt.
D. Leakey’s work had wide-range effects.
10. This passage is taken from
A. an article about endangered species.
B. a book about Richard Leakey.
C. an article about Kenya.
D. a book review
Your answers
1.

6.

2.

7.

3.

8.
18


4.

9.

5.

10.

Part 4:Questions 1-6 (10 pts)
Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from the list A-H for
each part ( 1- 6) of the passage.There are two extra headings you do not need to
use.

List of Headings
A.The dificulties of talking about smells
B.The role of smell in personal relationships
C.Future studies into smell
D.The relationship between the brain and the nose
E.The interpretation of smells as a factor in defining groups
F.Why our sense of smell is not appreciated
G.Smell is our superior sense
H.The relationship between smell and feelings
THE MEANING AND POWER OF SMELL
The sense of smell, or olfaction, is powerful. Odours affec us on a physical, psychological and
social level. For the most part, however, we breathe in the aromas which surround us
without being consciously aware of their importance to us. It is only when the faculty of smell is
impaired for some reason that we begin to realise the essential role the sense of smell plays in
our sense of well-being.
1. A survey conducted by Anthony Synott at Montreal’s Concordia University asked
participants to comment on how irriportant smell was to them in their lives. It became
apparent that smell can evoke strong emotional responses. A scent associated with a good
experience can bring a rush of joy, while a foul odour or one associated with a bad
memory may make us grimace with disgust. Respondents to the survey noted that many
19


of their olfactory likes and dislikes were based on emotional assoclations. Such
associations can be powerful enough so that odours that we would generally label
unpleasant become agreeable, and those that we would generally consider fragrant
become disagreeable for particular individuals. The perception of smell, therefore,
consists not only of the sensation of the odours themselves, but of the experiences and
emotions associated with them.
1
2. Odours are also essential cues in social bonding. One respondent to the survey
believed that there is no true emotional bonding without touching and smelling a loved
one. In fact, infants recognise the odours of their mothers soon after birth and adults
can often identify their children or spouses by scent. In one well-known test, women
and men were able to distinguish by smell alone clothing worn by their marriage
partners from similar clothing worn by other people. Most of thé subjects would
probably never have given much thought to odour as a cue for identifying family
merribers before being involved in the test, but as the experiment revealed, even when
not consciously considered, smells register.
2
3. In splte of its importance to our emotional and sensory lives, smell is probably the
most undervalued sense in many cultures. The reason often given for the low regard in
which smell is held is that, in comparison with its importance among animals, the
human sense of smell is feeble and undeveloped. While it is true that the olfactory
powers of humans are
nothing like as fine as those possessed by certain animals, they are still remarkably
acute. Our noses are able to recognise thousands of smells, and to perceive odours
which are present only in extremely small quantities.
3
4. Smell, however, is a highly elusive phenomenon. Odours, unlike colours, for instance,
cannot be named in many languages because the specific vocabulary simply doesn’t
exist. ‘It smells like . ...’ we have to say when describing an odour, struggling to
20


express our olfactory experience. Nor can odours be recorded: there is no effective way
to either capture or store them over time. In the realm of olfaction, we must make do with
descriptions and recollections. This has implications for olfactory research
4
5. Most of the research on smell undertaken to date has been of a physical scientific
nature. Significant advances have been made in the understanding of the biological and
chemical nature of olfaction, but many fundamental questions have yet to be answered.
Researchers have still to decide whether smell is one sense or two — one responding to
odours proper and the other registering odourless chemicals in the air. Other unanswered
questions are whether the nose is the only part of the body affected by odours, and how
smells can be measured objectively given the non- physical components. Questions like
these mean that interest in the psychology of smell is inevitably set to play an increasingly
important role for researchers.
5
6. However, smell is not simply a biological and psychologlcal phenomenon. Smell is
cultural, hence it is a social and historical phenomenon. Odours are invested with cultural
values: smells that are considered to be offensive in some cultures may be perfectly
acceptable inothers. Therefore, our sense of smell is a means of, and model for, interacting
with the world. Different smells can provide us with intimate and emotionally charged
experiences and the value that we attach to these experiences is interiorised by the
members of society in a deeply personal way. Importantly, our commonly held feelings
about smells can help distinguish us from other cultures. The study of the cultural
history of smell is, therefore, in a very real sense, an investigation into the essence of
human culture.
6

Questions 7-10 :

21


Complete the sentences below. Choose ONLY ONE WORD from the passage for
each answer
7. Tests have shown that odours can help people recognise the................. belonging
to their husbands and wives.
8. Certain lingustic groups may have difficulty describing smell because they lack
the appropriate....................
9. The sense of smell may involve response to.................which do not smell, in
addition to obvious odours.
10. Odours regarded as unpleasant in certain.....................are not regarded as
unpleasant in others.
Your answers
1................................

4................................

2................................

5................................

3................................

6................................

SECTION V: WRITING
Part 1: Questions 1-10
Use the word given in bold and make any necessary additions to write a new
sentence in such a way that it is as similar as possible in meaning to the original
sentence. Do not change the form of the given word. (5 pts)
1. We suppose the new models are about ten thousand dollars. VICINITY
The new models …………………………………………………ten thousand
dollars.
2. Managers intend to consult their staff about job descriptions. ARE
Staff ………………………………………………… job descriptions by their
managers.
3. It is impossible to predict how long it will take to do this. TELLING
There ………………………………………………… time it will take to do this.
4. We wouldn’t want to restrict the freedom of the students in any way. Impose
22


We wouldn’t want ………………………………………………… the freedom of
the students.
5. I feel I am not being treated fairly. RAW
I feel I am ………………………………………………….
6. John has taken it upon himself to look after the baby tomorrow. COMMITTED
John……………………………………………looking after the baby tomorrow.
7. I reported him to the police because I assumed he was guilty of theft.
ASSUMPTION
I reported him to the police………………………………..he was guilty of theft.
8. Nobody died in the accident. FATALITIES
There ……………………………………………………….. the accident.
9. When I started work, I was so inexperienced that I couldn’t send a fax. CLUE
I didn’t …………………………………..how to send fax when I started work.
10. There is a risk that the black rhino will become extinct. THREATENED
The black rhino ………………………….................
Part 2: Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic. (15 pts)
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The best way to teach is by example
Support your position with details and examples.

23


SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO HÀ NỘI
TRƯỜNG THPT CHU VĂN AN

ĐỀ XUẤT ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI KHU VỰC DUYÊN HẢI - ĐBBB NĂM 2014
Đề thi môn Tiếng Anh lớp 10
---------------------LISTENING
EXERCISE 1
You will hear an interview with Harry Newtand, a young film actor. For questions
18-22, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which fits best according to what you hear.
18 Harry believes his acting talent to be largely the result of
A an inherent ability.
B his theatncal upbringing
C tra ining from an early age.
D conscious efforts to develop it.
19 Harry looks back on his early parts in television dramas with
A embarrassment.
B gratitude
C derision
D pride
20 How does Harry explain the attitude of other actors towards him?
A They took great care not to offend him
B They appreciated his level of commitment
CThey were keen to keep him in his place.
D They made allowances for his difficulties.
21 When working on big productions, Harry finds it best to
A follow the lead of other actors.
B brinq his own ideas to the role.
e keep the finished product in mind
D focus on his own performance.
22 Looking back, Harry realises that his parents
A put too much pressure on him on occasion
B may not always have had his best interests at heart.
C were well awore of the potential pitfolls of his situation.
D tended to be over-protective in their attitude towards him.
EXERCISE 2
You will hear a radio report about a wildlife holiday in the Yellowstone National
Park in the USA. For questions 9-17, complete the sentences with a word or short
phrase.
Mlchela describes the man she met in Canada as being (9) _____ by his expenerce.
As a species, the wolf is now officially classed as (10) ____ in North America. It is thought
that as many as (11) ____visitors have seen the reintroduced wolves at Yellowstone. On
Michela's first evening in Yellowstone, a (12) ____ gave visitors a talk about wolves.
Coyotes, which have longer ears and (13) _____ colouring; are often mistaken for wolves.


Michela's personal guide originally trained to be a (14)_______. Around half the wolves in
the park are now fitted with (15) _____ to help people locate them. Ken advised Michela
to look for (16)______ on hillsides where (17) _____ could be seen through the snow.
Michela used a particularly good (18) _____ to study the wolf she eventually saw.
PHONOLOGY
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the rest
1. A. abort
B. rapport
C. report
D. export
2. A. fathom
B. feather
C. anthem
D. within
3. A. destroyed
B. developed
C. conquered
D. closed
4. A. rose
B. house
C. mouse
D. practise
5. A. heat
B. unleaded
C. peach
D. teacher
Choose the word which has the main stressed syllable in a different position from the
rest
1. A. bankruptcy
B. commercial
C. ingenious
D. ingredient
2. A. apartheid
B. abundant
C. estimate
D. embarrass
3. A. comparable
B. preferable
C. equitable
D. repairable
4. A. orchestra
B. impetuous
C. pantomime
D. corpulent
5. A. pharmaceutical
B. diplomacy
C. superstitious
D. miscellaneous
GRAMMAR AND LEXICOLOGY
Choose the best answer
1. I have heard the argument before and quite frankly it just doesn’t _____________!
A. hold water
B. face the music
C. a sunflower
D. a dungeon
2. Time was runnning out, so the committee had to make a ____ decision.
A. brief
B. snap
C. sharp
D. curt
3. The soldiers ___________ when they heard that the war was over.
A. rejoiced
B. gladdened
C. revolted
D. gloated
4. ___________ he delivers the reports, it will be sent to the headquarters.
A. On the point
B. At once
C. Immediately
D. Soon
enough
5. He knew that the beautiful sports care he was looking at must have cost a _____ penny.
A. pretty
B. big
C. bent
D. shiny
6. Don’t be angry with Sue. All that she did was in good __________.
A. hope
B. belief
C. idea
D. faith
7.John’s observation was a bit wide of the ____.
A. target
B. point
C. mark
D. goal
8. The consultant called in by the firm brought a _____ of experience to bear on the
problem.
A. wealth
B. realm
C. bank
D. hoard
9. It was a ____ lie and nobody at all believe it.
A. definite
B. conspicuous
C. salient
D. blatant
10. Suddenly I slipped and ended up ____ on the floor.
A. sprawling
B. drooping
C. lounging
D. slouching
11. When Kevin arrived, he soon ___________ at all his jokes.
A. had everyone laughed
B. had laughed everyone
C. had everyone to laugh
D. had everyone laughing
12. Don’t worry about paying. I’ll __________ .


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