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Câu điều kiện , cau bi dong va bai tap có đáp án

Câu đi ều ki ện và bài t ập có đá p án
Posted by Đặng Hồng On Tháng Chín 16, 2016 0 Comment
Câu điều kiện trong tiếng Anh có những loại nào, cấu trúc ra sao, cách sử dụng như thế nào. Các bạn có thể tham
khảo lý thuyết về câu điều kiện trong bài viết này và làm bài tập bên dưới nhé.
Câu điều kiện trong tiếng Anh có 3 loại:

Câu điều kiện trong tiếng Anh

1.

Câu đi ều ki ện lo ại 1

Cấu trúc: If + S + thì hiện tại đơn, S + thì tương lai đơn
Cách sử dụng:
– Câu điều kiện loại 1 chỉ sự thật hiển nhiên như một quy luật tự nhiên hoặc hành động xảy ra thường xuyên.
– Đặt ra một điều kiện có thể thực hiện được trong hiện tại hoặc tương lai
– Nói đến khả năng, sự chắc chắn, sự cho phép, sự bắt buộc hoặc cần thiết
Ex:
+ If you heat ice, it turns to water.
+ If you come into my garden, my dog will bite you.


2.

Câu đi ều ki ện lo ại 2

Cấu trúc: If S + quá khứ đơn, S + would + V


Cách sử dụng
– Diễn tả điều không thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai, chỉ là một giả thiết, một ước muốn trái ngược với thực
trạng hiện tại
Ex:
+ If I were a bird, I would be very happy.

3.

Câu đi ều ki ện lo ại 3

Cấu trúc: If + S + quá khứ hoàn thành, S + would + have + Vpast participle
Cách sử dụng
– Diễn tả một điều không thể xảy ra trong quá khứ, chỉ mang tính ước muốn trong quá khứ, một sự hối tiếc, một giả
thiết trái ngược với thực trạng ở quá khứ.

Làm bài tập về câu điều kiện trong tiếng Anh

4.

Bài t ập câu đi ều ki ện có đáp án

Bài tập 1: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.
1. If we meet at 9:30, we (have) _________________plenty of time.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

If you (find) _________________ a skeleton in the cellar, don’t mention it to anyone.
The zookeeper would have punished her with a fine if she ( feed) _________________ the animals..
If you pass your examination, we (have) _________________a celebration.

Lisa would find the milk if she (look) _________________ for it in the fridge.
What (happen) _________________if I press this button?


7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

The door will be unlocked if you (press)_________________ the green button.
I should have voted for her if I (have) _________________ a vote then.
If you go to Paris, where you (stay) _________________?
If you (swim) _________________ in this lake, you’ll shiver from cold.
If someone offered to buy you one of those rings, which you (choose) _________________?
The flight may be cancelled if the fog (get) _________________thick.
If the milkman (come) _________________, tell him to leave two pints.
I (call) _________________ the office if I were you.
Someone (sit) _________________on your glasses if you leave them there.
You would hear my explanation if you (not talk) _________________so much.
What I (do) _________________if I hear the burglar alarm?
If you (read) _________________the instructions carefully, you wouldn’t have answered the wrong

question.
19. If Mel (ask) _________________ her teacher, he’d have answered her questions.

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

I would repair the roof myself if I (have) _________________a long ladder.
Unless they turn that radio off, I (go) _________________mad.
If you were made redundant, what you (do) _________________?
We’ll have a long way to walk if we (run) _________________out of petrol here.
If you shake that bottle of port, it (not be) _________________ fit to drink.
If you spoke louder, your classmates (understand) _________________ you.
I’ll probably get lost unless he (come) _________________with me.
You (not have) _________________ so many accidents if you drove more slowly.
If you (wear) _________________ a false beard, nobody would have recognized you.
If she (leave) _________________ the fish here, the cat will eat it.
You (have) _________________ no trouble at school if you had done your homework.
Unless you (tell) __________________ the truth, I won’t help you.
You’ll get pneumonia if you (not change) _________________ your wet clothes.
If I had known that you couldn’t eat octopus, I (not buy) _________________ it.
If they (hang) _________________ that picture lower, people would be able to see it.
She (be) _________________able to walk faster if she didn’t have such high-heel shoes.
I (bring) _________________ you some beer if I had known that you were thirsty.
If you had touched that electric cable, you (be) _________________ electrocuted.
If the story hadn’t been true, the newspaper (not print) _________________ it.
I (not buy) _________________ things on the installment system if I were you.
Dan (arrive) _________________ safe if he drove slowly.

Bài 2: Chọn đáp án đúng để điền vào chỗ trống
1. If I __________the same problem you had as a child, I might not have succeeded in life as well as
you have.
a. have

B. would have

C. had had

D. should have

2. I __________you sooner had someone told me you were in the hospital.


a. would have visited

B. visited

C. had visited

D. visit

3. __________more help, I would call my neighbor.
a. needed

B. should I need

C. I have needed

D. I should need

4. __________then what I know yesterday, I would have saved myself a lot of time and trouble over the years.
a. had I known

B. did I know

C. If I know

D. If I would know

5. Do you think there would be less conflict in the world if all people __________the same language?
a. spoke

B. speak

C. had spoken

D. will speak

6. If you can give me one good reason for your acting like this, __________this incident again.
a. I will never mention

B. I never mention

c. will I never mention

D. I don’t mention

7. If I had known you were asleep, I __________so much noise when I came in.
a. didn’t make
c. won’t make

B. wouldn’t have made
D. don’t make

8. Unless you __________all of my questions, I can’t do anything to help you.
a. answered

B. answer

C. would answer

D. are answering

9. Had you told me that this was going to happen, I __________it.
a. would have never believed
c. hadn’t believed

B. don’t believe
D. can’t believe

10. If Jake __________to go on the trip, would you have gone?
a. doesn’t agree

B. didn’t agree

C. hadn’t agreed

D. wouldn’t agree

11. J: “John went to the hospital alone”,
K: “If __________,I would have gone with him”.
a. had he told me

B. he had told me

C. he has told me

D. he would tell me


12. If you __________, I would have brought my friends over to your house yesterday to watch T.V, but I didn’t
want to bother you.
a. had studied

B-studied

C. hadn’t studied

D. didn’t study

13. Peter: “Did you need help with your Math last night?”.
Mary: “If I had needed, I __________you”.
a. would call

B. called

C. would have called

D. will call

14. If someone __________ in to the store, smile and say, “May I help you?”
a. comes

B. came

C. come

D. should come

15. “Here’s my phone number”.
“Thanks. I‘ll give you a call if I __________some help tomorrow”
a. will need

B. need

C. would need

D. needed

16. If I didn’t work for an accounting firm, I __________in a bank now.
a. work

B. will work

C. have worked

D. would work

17. The death rate would decrease if hygienic conditions __________improved.
a. was

B. is

C. were

D. had been

18-The education in Japan __________if the basic principles of education had not been taken into consideration.
a. would go down

B. would have gone down

c. went down

D. had gone down

19. If there __________, the rice fields could have been more productive.
a. had been enough water

B. were enough water

c. would be enough water

D. are enough water

20. The patient will not recover unless he __________ an operation.
a. had undergone

B. would undergo

C. undergoes

21. If she __________ him, she would be very happy.

D. was undergoing


a. would meet

B. will meet

C. met

D. should meet

22-If he __________ a thorough knowledge of English, he could have applied for this post.
a. had had

B. had

C. has

D. has had

23. If I had enough money, I__________ abroad to improve my English.
a. will go

B. would go

C. went

D. should have go to

24.The bench would collapse if they __________on it.
a. stood

B. stand

C. standing

D. stands

25-If it __________convenient, let’s go out for a drink tonight,
a. be

B. is

ĐÁP ÁN:
Exercise 1:
1. will have

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

find
had fed
will
looked
will happen
press
had had
will you stay
swim
would you choose
gets
comes
would call
will sit
don’t talk
will you do
had read
had asked
had
will go
would you do

C. was

D. were


23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

run
won’t be
would have understand
comes
wouldn’t have
had worn
leaves
would have had
Tell
don’t change
wouldn’t have bought
hung
would be
would have brought
would have been
wouldn’t have printed
wouldn’t buy
would drive

Exercise 2:
1. C

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

A
B
A
A
A
B
B
A
C
B
C
C
A
B
D
C
B
A
C
C
A


23. B
24. A
25. B

Câu b ị độ ng và bài t ập câu b ị độ ng
Posted by Đặng Hồng On Tháng Tám 10, 2016 0 Comment
Một trong những chủ điểm ngữ pháp được nhiều người học tiếng Anh quan tâm đó là câu bị động. Vậy khi nào câu
bị động được sử dụng, cách chuyển câu chủ động sang câu bị động thì phải làm như thế nào. Với mỗi thì trong tiếng
Anh thì cấu trúc câu bị động có giống nhau hay không. Bạn có thể tham khảo bài viết dưới đây để hiểu rõ hơn về
câu bị động và làm bài tập liên quan đến câu bị động nhé.

Câu bị động trong tiếng Anh dùng như thế nào?

1.

Câu bị động trong ti ếng Anh

– Câu bị động là loại câu được sử dụng khi chúng ta muốn nhấn mạnh vào bản thân một hành động, chủ thể thực
hiện hành động hay tác nhân gây ra hành động đó không quá quan trọng.
– Cấu trúc: S2 + TO BE + PII
– Cách chuyển câu chủ động sang câu bị động
+ Tân ngữ trong câu chủ động (O) => chủ ngữ trong câu bị động (S2)
+ Động từ trong câu bị động luôn ở dạng: TO BE + PII (TO BE chia theo chủ ngữ mới của câu bị động cho hợp
ngôi/thời)
+ Chủ ngữ trong câu chủ động => đưa ra phía sau động từ và thêm ‘by’ phía trước (hoặc có thể lược bỏ đi)·


– Các dạng câu bị động theo thì tương ứng
Các thì

Câu chủ động

Câu bị động

S+V+O
Thì hiện tại đơn
Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn
Thì hiện tại hoàn thành

S + am/is/are + V-ing + O
S + has/have + PP.2 + O
S + V-ed + O

Thì quá khứ đơn

S + be + PP.2 + by + O
S + am/is/are + being + PP.2 + by + O
S + has/have + been + PP.2 + by + O

S + was/were + PP.2 + by + O
S + was/were + V-ing + O

Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn
Thì quá khứ hoàn thành
Thì tương lai đơn
Thì tương lai hoàn thành
Be + going to

S + had + PP.2 + O
S + will/shall + V + O
S + will/shall + have + PP.2 + O

S + was/were + being + PP.2 + by + O
S + had + been + PP.2 + by + O
S + will + be + PP.2 + by + O
S + will + have + been + PP.2 + by + O

S + am/is/are + going to + V + O
S + model verb + V + O

S + am/is/are + going to + be + PP.2 + by + O
S + model verb + be + PP.2 + by + O

S + modal Verb + have +P2

S + modal Verb + have been +P2

Động từ khuyết thiếu

2.

Các tr ườ ng h ợp đặc bi ệt c ủa câu bị động

2.1. Câu bị động có hai tân ng ữ
– Câu chủ động: S + V + Oi + Od
– Chuyển sang câu bị động:
+ Oi + be + P2( of V) + Od
+ Od + be + P2( of V) + to Oi.
Ví dụ:
My friend gave me a present on my birthday.
>> A present was given to me by my friend on my birthday.
I was given a present on my birthday by my friend.

2.2. Câu bị động khi ng ủ ng ữ gi ả là “it”
Công thức: It + be + adj + for sb + to do st.
=> Bị động: It + be + adj + for st + to be done.


Ví dụ:
It is difficult for me to finish this test in one hour
=> It is difficult for this test to be finished in one hour.

Nắm rõ các trường hợp đặc biệt của câu bị động trong tiếng Anh

2.3. Câu bị động c ủa động t ừ đặc bi ệt
Các động từ đặc biệt đó là : suggest, require, request, order, demand, insist(on), recommend. Với những động từ này,
cấu trúc câu bị động là:
It + was/ will be/ has been/ is… + P2 ( of 8 verb) + that + st + be + P2.
(trong đó “be” là không đổi vì động từ trong clause ở câu chủ động ở dạng Vinf)
Ví dụ:
He suggested that she buy a new car. => It was suggessted that a new car be bought.

2.4. It’s your duty to + Vinf
=> bị động: You’re supposed to+Vinf


Ví dụ: It’s your duty to make tea today.
=> You are supposed to make tea today.

2.5. It’s impossible to + Vinf
=> bị động: S + can’t + be + P2
Ví dụ:
It’s impossible to solve this problem.
=> This problem can’t be solve.

2.6. It’s necessary to + Vinf
=> bị động: S + should/ must + be +P2
Ví dụ:
It’s necessary for you to type this letter.
=> This letter should/ must be typed by you.

3.

Bài t ập câu bị động trong ti ếng Anh

Điền từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống
Chuyển các câu sau sang dạng bị động, với các từ cho sẵn

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Somebody cleans the room every day. (The room )
Lisa repaired the roof. (had)
Did someone make those curtains for you?’ (have)
It’s impossible to take the tooth out. (can’t)
Amy’s colleagues gave her a present when she retired. (given)
Nobody told me about the meeting. (I)
How much will they pay you for your work? (you)
I think you should have someone cut your hair short. (get)
Has anybody show you what to do? (Have you)
It is expected that the strike will end soon. (the strike)
I need to paint the wall. (the wall)
It is necessary to complete the work. (must)
It’s his duty to look after his children. (supposed)
My husband heard their conversation all night. (talk)


15. My husband watch them fighting on the street when he passed by. (watched)
Đáp án

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

The room is cleaned every day.
Lisa had the roof repaired.
‘Did you have those curtains made?’
The tooth can’t be taken out.
Amy was given a present by her colleagues when she retired,
I wasn’t told about the meeting.
How much will you be paid for your work?
I think you should get your hair cut short.
Have you been shown what to do?
The strike is expected to end soon.
The wall needs to be painted.|The wall needs painting.
The work must be completed.
He is supposed to look after his children.
They were heard to talk all night.
They were watched fighting on the street by my husband when he passed by.















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