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Bài tập có giải ngoại ngữ chuyên ngành 2

1.

Choose the best answer to fill the blank:

Asset

Budgets Portfolio

Goal

Policy

Manages

Investments Strategies Subjected

Consequence Tolerance Corporation Equity

Monitoring

Corporate finance consist of the financial activities related running a _____(1)___.

Corporate finance includes planning, raising, investing and ____(2)_____ of
finance.
The ____(3)____of corporate finance is to accomplish the financial aims of the
company.
Corporate finance is primarily concerned with maximizing the return on the
finance through long-term and short-term financial planning_____(4)_____. One
of the most important tasks of corporate finance is to make capital____(5)____.
The decision process of making capital investments is mainly concerned with
capital ____(6)____. So in the first step of investing, you need to look at your
whole company’s financial picture. Though capital budget, we can answer the
question “How much finance is required by the company”
Second, assess your____(7)____ for risk in order to identify capital expenditure
___(8)____ by company.
Third, make your____(9)____, start by establishing the broad categories that will
make up your portfolio such as stock, bonds and other investment ventures.
Finally, make your decisions on question like:” How much capital is used to
invest?. Where to invest in?”.
In addition to handling the use of investment capital, corporate finance is also
responsible for sourcing capital in the form of debt or____(10)____.
1.
6.

2.
7.

3.
8.

4.
9.

5.
10.


2.

Reading comprehension:
The easiest way to identify the differences between corporate and
public finance is to identify what each type of finance is individually, and

then compare the two. Broadly speaking, corporate finance is finance
concerned with businesses, whereas public finance is the allocation of
money by public bodies (namely the government) in order to provide
equality and fairness within the economy for individual people.
Corporate finance aims to provide the maximum financial benefit for
the shareholders of a business or industry which is privately owned.
Corporate finance involves both long and short term decision being made,
which will benefit shareholders whilst also allowing the business itself to
remain stable. Investments of money into new products, research and
development, and marketing are all examples of long term decision, which
will benefit the company in the long term.
On the other hand, short term decision may involve managing the
current flow of cash – ensuring that income and output are at least balanced,
and monitoring the company’s spending in other to make changes via long
term decision in the future. Investment banking is also associated with
corporate finance. Investment banking is when a company’s finances, their
income and their expenditure, are assessed in order to make them more
efficient and profitable. Investment banking can help companies to expand
and grow. Overall, the world of corporate finance is highly competitive and
involves very large amounts of money – thousands, if not millions, of
dollars.
On the other hand, public finance is the area of the economy in which
the government aims to supplement and aid the economy. If market failure
occurs, when the private sufficient goods or capital, then the government


will become involved via public finance in other to rectify any wrong or
deficiencies in the economy as a result. Taxes and a country’s balance of

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

3.

payments deficit or surplus are all connected with public finance.
• Question comprehension:
What is the meaning of this paragraph?
A. Definition of corporate finance.
B. Public finance aims.
C. The difference between corporate finance and public finance.
D. Encouraging the economy.
Which of the following is NOT a role of corporate finance?
A. Provide the maximum financial benefit for the shareholder of a business.
B. Managing the current flow of cash.
C. Investment of money into new products, research and development.
D. Allocation of resources and distribution of income.
What is meaning of word rectify in paragraph?
A. Repair
B. Improve
C. Promote
D. Damage
Which of the following is the aims of public finance?
A. Supplement the economy.
B. Rectify any wrongs or deficiencies in the economy.
C. Provide equality and fairness for individual people in the economy.
D. A,B and C
What is the difference between corporate finance and public finance?
A. Goals.
B. Roles.
C. Subjects.
D. A,B and C.
Matching the words or phrases in column A with their definition in
column B:

1.

A
Corporate finance

A.

2.

Finance

B.

B
To additional, the company can
raise money in two ways
The process of planning and
managing a firm’s long-term
investments.


4.

5.

3.

Fixed capital and working capital

C.

4.

Monitoring of finance

D.

5.

Internal and external

E.

6.

Capital budgeting

F.

7.

Fixed capital

G.

8.

Working capital

H.

9.

Expenditure

I.

10.

Capital structure.

J.

Is used to purchase fixed assets
like land, buildings, machinery,
etc
Is such a broad term that is used
to indentify the various financial
transactions performed by a
company or a large company.
Is used to purchase raw materials,
pay the day-to-day expenses like
salaries, rent, taxes, ect.
The total amount of that an
organization or person spends.
In the company, they often have
two kinds of finance
The management of large
amounts of money, especially by
governments or companies.
The mixture of debt and equity
maintained by a firm.
Help to reduce expenses aim to
avoid wastefulness and maximize
profits.

Make up sentences.
1. Stockholder / owner /one / or/ more share/corporation/ capital stock.
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
2. Debentures / type / of / debt instrument /that / not secured / physical
assets / or / collateral.
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
3. Debt help/ the public / the total amount / government owes / all of its
creditor / the / general public.
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
Translation
a. English – Vietnamese


1.

2.

3.

Profit is reflected in reduction in liabilities, increase in assets, and
increase in owners' equity.
…………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………
Vietnamese - English
Hàng tồn kho là tài sản trong khâu dự trữ của quá trình sản xuất kinh
doanh, là loại tài sản ngắn hạn vì nó thường được bán đi trong vòng một
chu kỳ hoạt động kinh doanh thông thường
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
………
Chi phí cơ hội được sử dụng như là căn cứ để so sánh với lợi ích thu
được khi thực hiện các sự lựa chọn, và đó là chi phí kinh tế.
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
4.

b.
1.

2.

Financial intermediary firm that raises money from many small
investors and provides financing to businesses or other organizations
by investing in their securities.
…………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………
The separation between management and ownership gives a
corporation more flexibility and permanence than a partnership. Even
if managers of a corporation quit or are dismissed and replaced by
others, the corporation can survive.
…………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………
In accounting and finance, equity is the difference between the value
of the assets and the cost of the liabilities of something owned.
.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................


……………………………………………………………………………
………
3.

4.

5.

Bản cân đối kế toán cho biết tình trạng tài sản của công ty, nợ và vốn cổ
đông vào một thời điểm ấn định.
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
Chức năng của quản lý tài chính thường là kết hợp với quản lý của công
ty ví dụ như phó chủ tịch tài chính hoặc một vài giám đốc tài chính khác.
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
Quản trị tài chính doanh nghiệp bao gồm các hoạt động liên quan đến
đầu tư, tài trợ và quản trị tài sản theo mục tiêu chung của công ty là tối
đa hóa lợi nhuận doanh nghiệp.
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………

Đáp án
1.
1. Corporation
6. Budgets
2.
1. C
2. D
3. A

2. Monitoring
7.Policy

3. Goal
8. Manages

4.Strategies
9.Portfolio

5. Investment
10.Equity


4. D
5. D
3.
1. D
2. H
3. G
4. J
5. A
6. B
7. C
8. E
9. F
10. I

4.
1. A stockholder is the owner of one or more shares of a corporation's
capital stock.
2. A debentures is a type of debt instrument that is not secured by
physical assets or collateral.
3. Debt help by the public is the total amount the government owes to all
of its creditor in the general public.
5.
a. English – Vietnamese


1. Công ty trung gian tài chính làm tăng tiền từ nhiều nhà đầu tư nhỏ và
cung cấp tài chính cho các doanh nghiệp hoặc các tổ chức khác bằng cách
đầu tư vào chứng khoán của họ.
2. Việc tách biệt giữa quản lý và sở hữu tính linh hoạt một công ty nhiều
hơn và lâu bền hơn so với quan hệ đối tác. Ngay cả khi các nhà quản lý của
một công ty bỏ việc hoặc bị sa thải và thay thế bởi những người khác, các
công ty có thể tồn tại.
3. Trong kế toán và tài chính, vốn chủ sở hữu là sự khác biệt giữa giá trị của
các tài sản và các chi phí của nợ phải trả của một cái gì đó thuộc sở hữu.
4. Lợi nhuận được phản ánh trong việc giảm nợ, gia tăng tài sản và tăng vốn
chủ sở hữu.
b. Vietnamese – English
1. Inventory is easily reserve assets of the production business, the kind of
short-term assets as it is usually sold within a period of normal business activities.
2. The opportunity cost is used as a basis for comparison with the benefits
obtained when making choices, and that is the economic cost.
3. The balance sheet indicates the status of the company assets, liabilities
and shareholders' equity at a fixed time.
4. The function of financial management is often associated with
management of companies such as financial vice president or some other financial
director.
5. Enterprise Financial Management includes activities related to the
investment, financing and asset management in accordance with the company's
overall goal is to maximize corporate profits.




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