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IRFP460, SiHFP460
Vishay Siliconix

Power MOSFET
FEATURES

PRODUCT SUMMARY
VDS (V)

• Dynamic dV/dt Rating

500

RDS(on) (Ω)

VGS = 10 V

• Repetitive Avalanche Rated

0.27


Available

Qg (Max.) (nC)

210

• Isolated Central Mounting Hole

Qgs (nC)

29

• Fast Switching

110

• Ease of Paralleling

Qgd (nC)
Configuration

Single

RoHS*
COMPLIANT

• Simple Drive Requirements
• Lead (Pb)-free Available

D

TO-247

DESCRIPTION
Third generation Power MOSFETs from Vishay provide the
designer with the best combination of fast switching,
ruggedized device design, low on-resistance and
cost-effectiveness.
The TO-247 package is preferred for commercial-industrial
applications where higher power levels preclude the use of

TO-220 devices. The TO-247 is similar but superior to the
earlier TO-218 package because its isolated mounting hole.
It also provides greater creepage distances between pins to
meet the requirements of most safety specifications.

G

S
D
G

S
N-Channel MOSFET

ORDERING INFORMATION
Package

TO-247
IRFP460PbF
SiHFP460-E3
IRFP460
SiHFP460

Lead (Pb)-free
SnPb

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS TC = 25 °C, unless otherwise noted
PARAMETER
Drain-Source Voltage
Gate-Source Voltage
Continuous Drain Current
Pulsed Drain Currenta
Linear Derating Factor
Single Pulse Avalanche Energyb
Repetitive Avalanche Currenta
Repetitive Avalanche Energya
Maximum Power Dissipation
Peak Diode Recovery dV/dtc
Operating Junction and Storage Temperature Range
Soldering Recommendations (Peak Temperature)
Mounting Torque

VGS at 10 V

TC = 25 °C
TC = 100 °C

SYMBOL

LIMIT

VDS
VGS

500
± 20
20
13
80
2.2
960
20
28
280
3.5
- 55 to + 150
300d
10
1.1

ID
IDM

TC = 25 °C

for 10 s
6-32 or M3 screw

EAS
IAR
EAR
PD
dV/dt
TJ, Tstg

UNIT
V

A
W/°C
mJ
A
mJ
W
V/ns
°C
lbf · in
N·m

Notes
a. Repetitive rating; pulse width limited by maximum junction temperature (see fig. 11).
b. VDD = 50 V, starting TJ = 25 °C, L = 4.3 mH, RG = 25 Ω, IAS = 20 A (see fig. 12).
c. ISD ≤ 20 A, dI/dt ≤ 160 A/µs, VDD ≤ VDS, TJ ≤ 150 °C.
d. 1.6 mm from case.
* Pb containing terminations are not RoHS compliant, exemptions may apply
Document Number: 91237
S-81360-Rev. A, 28-Jul-08

www.vishay.com
1


IRFP460, SiHFP460
Vishay Siliconix
THERMAL RESISTANCE RATINGS
PARAMETER

SYMBOL

TYP.

MAX.

Maximum Junction-to-Ambient

RthJA

-

40

Case-to-Sink, Flat, Greased Surface

RthCS

0.24

-

Maximum Junction-to-Case (Drain)

RthJC

-

0.45

UNIT

°C/W

SPECIFICATIONS TJ = 25 °C, unless otherwise noted
PARAMETER

SYMBOL

TEST CONDITIONS

MIN.

TYP.

MAX.

UNIT

VDS

VGS = 0 V, ID = 250 µA

500

-

-

V

ΔVDS/TJ

Reference to 25 °C, ID = 1 mA

-

0.63

-

V/°C

VGS(th)

VDS = VGS, ID = 250 µA

2.0

-

4.0

V
nA

Static
Drain-Source Breakdown Voltage
VDS Temperature Coefficient
Gate-Source Threshold Voltage
Gate-Source Leakage
Zero Gate Voltage Drain Current
Drain-Source On-State Resistance
Forward Transconductance

VGS = ± 20 V

-

-

± 100

VDS = 500 V, VGS = 0 V

-

-

25

VDS = 400 V, VGS = 0 V, TJ = 125 °C

-

-

250

ID = 12 Ab

-

-

0.27

Ω

Ab

13

-

-

S

-

4200

-

IGSS
IDSS
RDS(on)
gfs

VGS = 10 V

VDS = 50 V, ID = 12

µA

Dynamic
Input Capacitance

Ciss

Output Capacitance

Coss

Reverse Transfer Capacitance

Crss

Total Gate Charge

Qg

Gate-Source Charge

Qgs

VGS = 0 V,
VDS = 25 V,
f = 1.0 MHz, see fig. 5

VGS = 10 V

ID = 20 A, VDS = 400 V
see fig. 6 and 13b

-

870

-

-

350

-

-

-

210

-

-

29

Gate-Drain Charge

Qgd

-

-

110

Turn-On Delay Time

td(on)

-

18

-

Rise Time
Turn-Off Delay Time
Fall Time
Internal Drain Inductance
Internal Source Inductance

tr
td(off)

VDD = 250 V, ID = 20 A ,
RG = 4.3 Ω, RD = 13 Ω, see fig. 10b

tf
LD
LS

Between lead,
6 mm (0.25") from
package and center of
die contact

D

-

59

-

-

110

-

-

58

-

-

5.0

-

-

13

-

-

-

20

-

-

80

pF

nC

ns

nH

G

S

Drain-Source Body Diode Characteristics
Continuous Source-Drain Diode Current
Pulsed Diode Forward Currenta
Body Diode Voltage

IS
ISM
VSD

Body Diode Reverse Recovery Time

trr

Body Diode Reverse Recovery Charge

Qrr

Forward Turn-On Time

ton

MOSFET symbol
showing the
integral reverse
p - n junction diode

D

A

G

TJ = 25 °C, IS = 20 A, VGS = 0

S

Vb

TJ = 25 °C, IF = 20A, dI/dt = 100 A/µsb

-

-

1.8

V

-

570

860

ns

-

5.7

8.6

µC

Intrinsic turn-on time is negligible (turn-on is dominated by LS and LD)

Notes
a. Repetitive rating; pulse width limited by maximum junction temperature (see fig. 11).
b. Pulse width ≤ 300 µs; duty cycle ≤ 2 %.

www.vishay.com
2

Document Number: 91237
S-81360-Rev. A, 28-Jul-08


IRFP460, SiHFP460
Vishay Siliconix
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS 25 °C, unless otherwise noted

VGS

ID, Drain Current (A)

15 V
10 V
8.0 V
7.0 V
6.0 V
5.5 V
5.0 V
Bottom 4.5 V

101
4.5 V

100

ID, Drain Current (A)

Top

150 °C

101
25 °C

20 µs Pulse Width
TC = 25 °C

4

101

100

VDS, Drain-to-Source Voltage (V)

91237_01

ID, Drain Current (A)

4.5 V

20 µs Pulse Width
TC = 150 °C

100
100
91237_02

101

VDS, Drain-to-Source Voltage (V)

Fig. 2 - Typical Output Characteristics, TC = 150 °C

Document Number: 91237
S-81360-Rev. A, 28-Jul-08

6

7

8

9

10

Fig. 3 - Typical Transfer Characteristics

3.5

RDS(on), Drain-to-Source On Resistance
(Normalized)

VGS
15 V
10 V
8.0 V
7.0 V
6.0 V
5.5 V
5.0 V
Bottom 4.5 V
Top

5

VGS, Gate-to-Source Voltage (V)

91237_03

Fig. 1 - Typical Output Characteristics, TC = 25 °C

101

20 µs Pulse Width
VDS = 50 V

100

3.0

ID = 20 A
VGS = 10 V

2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
- 60 - 40 - 20

91237_04

0 20

40 60 80 100 120 140 160

TJ, Junction Temperature (°C)

Fig. 4 - Normalized On-Resistance vs. Temperature

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3


IRFP460, SiHFP460
Vishay Siliconix

VGS = 0 V, f = 1 MHz
Ciss = Cgs + Cgd, Cds Shorted
Crss = Cgd
Coss = Cds + Cgd

Capacitance (pF)

8000

6000

Ciss

4000
Coss

2000

102

ISD, Reverse Drain Current (A)

10 000

150 °C
25 °C

Crss
100

101

VDS, Drain-to-Source Voltage (V)

91237_05

VGS, Gate-to-Source Voltage (V)

0.8

1.0

ID, Drain Current (A)

VDS = 250 V
12
VDS = 100 V
8

2

102
10 µs

5

2

100 µs
10
5

1 ms

4

80

120

160

1
1

200

QG, Total Gate Charge (nC)

Fig. 6 - Typical Gate Charge vs. Gate-to-Source Voltage

TC = 25 °C
TJ = 150 °C
Single Pulse

2

For test circuit
see figure 13

0

www.vishay.com
4

2.0

Operation in this area limited
by RDS(on)

5

16

91237_06

1.8

1.6

103
VDS = 400 V

40

1.4

Fig. 7 - Typical Source-Drain Diode Forward Voltage

ID = 20 A

0

1.2

VSD, Source-to-Drain Voltage (V)

91237_07

Fig. 5 - Typical Capacitance vs. Drain-to-Source Voltage

20

VGS = 0 V

101
0.6

0

91237_08

2

5

10

2

5

10 ms
102

2

5

103

VDS, Drain-to-Source Voltage (V)

Fig. 8 - Maximum Safe Operating Area

Document Number: 91237
S-81360-Rev. A, 28-Jul-08


IRFP460, SiHFP460
Vishay Siliconix
RD
VDS
VGS

16

ID, Drain Current (A)

D.U.T.

RG

20

+
- VDD
10 V

Pulse width ≤ 1 µs
Duty factor ≤ 0.1 %

12

Fig. 10a - Switching Time Test Circuit
8
VDS
4

90 %

0
25

50

75

100

125

150
10 %
VGS

TC, Case Temperature (°C)

91237_09

td(on)

Fig. 9 - Maximum Drain Current vs. Case Temperature

td(off) tf

tr

Fig. 10b - Switching Time Waveforms

Thermal Response (ZthJC)

1

0 - 0.5

0.1 0.2
0.1

10-2

PDM

0.05
0.02
0.01

Single Pulse
(Thermal Response)

t1
t2
Notes:
1. Duty Factor, D = t1/t2
2. Peak Tj = PDM x ZthJC + TC

10-3
10-5

10-4

10-3

10-2

0.1

1

10

t1, Rectangular Pulse Duration (S)

91237_11

Fig. 11a - Maximum Effective Transient Thermal Impedance, Junction-to-Case

L
Vary tp to obtain
required IAS

VDS

VDS
tp

VDD
D.U.T

RG

+
-

IAS

V DD

A

VDS

10 V
tp

0.01 Ω

Fig. 12a - Unclamped Inductive Test Circuit

Document Number: 91237
S-81360-Rev. A, 28-Jul-08

IAS
Fig. 12b - Unclamped Inductive Waveforms

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5


IRFP460, SiHFP460
Vishay Siliconix

EAS, Single Pulse Energy (mJ)

2400

ID
8.9 A
13 A
Bottom 20 A
Top

2000
1600
1200
800
400
VDD = 50 V

0

25

50

75

100

125

150

Starting TJ, Junction Temperature (°C)

91237_12c

Fig. 12c - Maximum Avalanche Energy vs. Drain Current

QG

10 V
QGS

QGD

VG

Charge

Fig. 13a - Basic Gate Charge Waveform
Current regulator
Same type as D.U.T.
50 kΩ
12 V

0.2 µF
0.3 µF

+

D.U.T.

-

VDS

VGS
3 mA

IG
ID
Current sampling resistors

Fig. 13b - Gate Charge Test Circuit

www.vishay.com
6

Document Number: 91237
S-81360-Rev. A, 28-Jul-08


IRFP460, SiHFP460
Vishay Siliconix

Peak Diode Recovery dV/dt Test Circuit
+

D.U.T.

Circuit layout considerations
• Low stray inductance
• Ground plane
• Low leakage inductance
current transformer

+
-

-

RG






dV/dt controlled by RG
Driver same type as D.U.T.
ISD controlled by duty factor "D"
D.U.T. - device under test

Driver gate drive
P.W.

+

Period

D=

+
-

VDD

P.W.
Period
VGS = 10 V*

D.U.T. ISD waveform
Reverse
recovery
current

Body diode forward
current
dI/dt
D.U.T. VDS waveform
Diode recovery
dV/dt

Re-applied
voltage

VDD

Body diode forward drop
Inductor current
Ripple ≤ 5 %

ISD

* VGS = 5 V for logic level devices
Fig. 14 - For N-Channel

Vishay Siliconix maintains worldwide manufacturing capability. Products may be manufactured at one of several qualified locations. Reliability data for Silicon
Technology and Package Reliability represent a composite of all qualified locations. For related documents such as package/tape drawings, part marking, and
reliability data, see http://www.vishay.com/ppg?91237.

Document Number: 91237
S-81360-Rev. A, 28-Jul-08

www.vishay.com
7


Package Information
www.vishay.com

Vishay Siliconix

TO-247AC (High Voltage)
A

A

4
E

B
3 R/2

E/2

7 ØP
Ø k M DBM

A2

S

(Datum B)
ØP1

A
D2

Q

4

4

2xR
(2)

D1

D

1

2

4

D

3

Thermal pad

5 L1
C

L
A

See view B
2 x b2
3xb
0.10 M C A M

4
E1
0.01 M D B M
View A - A

C

2x e
A1

b4

Planting
Lead Assignments
1. Gate
2. Drain
3. Source
4. Drain

D DE

(b1, b3, b5)

Base metal

E
C

(c)

C

c1
(b, b2, b4)
(4)
Section C - C, D - D, E - E

View B

MILLIMETERS
DIM.
MIN.
MAX.
A
4.58
5.31
A1
2.21
2.59
A2
1.17
2.49
b
0.99
1.40
b1
0.99
1.35
b2
1.53
2.39
b3
1.65
2.37
b4
2.42
3.43
b5
2.59
3.38
c
0.38
0.86
c1
0.38
0.76
D
19.71
20.82
D1
13.08
ECN: X13-0103-Rev. D, 01-Jul-13
DWG: 5971

INCHES
MIN.
MAX.
0.180
0.209
0.087
0.102
0.046
0.098
0.039
0.055
0.039
0.053
0.060
0.094
0.065
0.093
0.095
0.135
0.102
0.133
0.015
0.034
0.015
0.030
0.776
0.820
0.515
-

DIM.
D2
E
E1
e
Øk
L
L1
N
ØP
Ø P1
Q
R
S

MILLIMETERS
MIN.
MAX.
0.51
1.30
15.29
15.87
13.72
5.46 BSC
0.254
14.20
16.25
3.71
4.29
7.62 BSC
3.51
3.66
7.39
5.31
5.69
4.52
5.49
5.51 BSC

INCHES
MIN.
MAX.
0.020
0.051
0.602
0.625
0.540
0.215 BSC
0.010
0.559
0.640
0.146
0.169
0.300 BSC
0.138
0.144
0.291
0.209
0.224
0.178
0.216
0.217 BSC

Notes
1. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M-1994.
2. Contour of slot optional.
3. Dimension D and E do not include mold flash. Mold flash shall not exceed 0.127 mm (0.005") per side. These dimensions are measured at
the outermost extremes of the plastic body.
4. Thermal pad contour optional with dimensions D1 and E1.
5. Lead finish uncontrolled in L1.
6. Ø P to have a maximum draft angle of 1.5 to the top of the part with a maximum hole diameter of 3.91 mm (0.154").
7. Outline conforms to JEDEC outline TO-247 with exception of dimension c.
8. Xian and Mingxin actually photo.

Revision: 01-Jul-13

Document Number: 91360
1
For technical questions, contact: hvm@vishay.com
THIS DOCUMENT IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. THE PRODUCTS DESCRIBED HEREIN AND THIS DOCUMENT
ARE SUBJECT TO SPECIFIC DISCLAIMERS, SET FORTH AT www.vishay.com/doc?91000


Legal Disclaimer Notice
www.vishay.com

Vishay

Disclaimer
ALL PRODUCT, PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS AND DATA ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE TO IMPROVE
RELIABILITY, FUNCTION OR DESIGN OR OTHERWISE.
Vishay Intertechnology, Inc., its affiliates, agents, and employees, and all persons acting on its or their behalf (collectively,
“Vishay”), disclaim any and all liability for any errors, inaccuracies or incompleteness contained in any datasheet or in any other
disclosure relating to any product.
Vishay makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of the products for any particular purpose or
the continuing production of any product. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, Vishay disclaims (i) any and all
liability arising out of the application or use of any product, (ii) any and all liability, including without limitation special,
consequential or incidental damages, and (iii) any and all implied warranties, including warranties of fitness for particular
purpose, non-infringement and merchantability.
Statements regarding the suitability of products for certain types of applications are based on Vishay’s knowledge of typical
requirements that are often placed on Vishay products in generic applications. Such statements are not binding statements
about the suitability of products for a particular application. It is the customer’s responsibility to validate that a particular
product with the properties described in the product specification is suitable for use in a particular application. Parameters
provided in datasheets and/or specifications may vary in different applications and performance may vary over time. All
operating parameters, including typical parameters, must be validated for each customer application by the customer’s
technical experts. Product specifications do not expand or otherwise modify Vishay’s terms and conditions of purchase,
including but not limited to the warranty expressed therein.
Except as expressly indicated in writing, Vishay products are not designed for use in medical, life-saving, or life-sustaining
applications or for any other application in which the failure of the Vishay product could result in personal injury or death.
Customers using or selling Vishay products not expressly indicated for use in such applications do so at their own risk. Please
contact authorized Vishay personnel to obtain written terms and conditions regarding products designed for such applications.
No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted by this document or by
any conduct of Vishay. Product names and markings noted herein may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Material Category Policy
Vishay Intertechnology, Inc. hereby certifies that all its products that are identified as RoHS-Compliant fulfill the
definitions and restrictions defined under Directive 2011/65/EU of The European Parliament and of the Council
of June 8, 2011 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment
(EEE) - recast, unless otherwise specified as non-compliant.
Please note that some Vishay documentation may still make reference to RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC. We confirm that
all the products identified as being compliant to Directive 2002/95/EC conform to Directive 2011/65/EU.
Vishay Intertechnology, Inc. hereby certifies that all its products that are identified as Halogen-Free follow Halogen-Free
requirements as per JEDEC JS709A standards. Please note that some Vishay documentation may still make reference
to the IEC 61249-2-21 definition. We confirm that all the products identified as being compliant to IEC 61249-2-21
conform to JEDEC JS709A standards.

Revision: 02-Oct-12

1

Document Number: 91000



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