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Group counseling strategies and skills chapter 10

Exercises

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

CHAPTER 10


to refer to an activity that the group does for a
specific purpose.
o An exercise can be as simple as having

members get into dyads to discuss a topic or as
involved as the “blind trust walk,” which entails
one member leading a blindfolded member.

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

o The term exercise is used among group leaders

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.


Definition


Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

When the leader directs the behaviors,
discussion, or attention of the group
members by using a specific activity, it is
an exercise.

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Definition


Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

To increase comfort level
To provide the leader with useful information
To generate discussion and focus the group
To shift the focus
To deepen the focus
To provide an opportunity for experiential
learning
To provide fun and relaxation

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Reason for Using Exercises


Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

Exercises can be used any time
Exercises are good during introductions
Exercises are good during warm-up phase
Exercises are helpful in getting members
focused in the middle phase
Exercises are useful during the closing
phase


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When to Use Exercises


– Helps to draw out members
– Use when you can’t think of anything better
because they almost always work
– Kinds of written exercises
Sentence completion
List
Checklist

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

Written

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Kinds of Exercises


Movement—valuable because members
“speak” with their feet and body; movement
exercises energize the members
– Wall-to-Wall Continuums
– Sculpt the group—entire group does this at the
same time
– Each member sculpts how they see the group
– Move to different parts of the room

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

continued

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Kinds of Exercises


Dyads or Triads
– Excellent for varying the format and getting
members to talk

Rounds
– Designated word, phrase, or number
– Word or Phrase
– Comment

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

continued

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Kinds of Exercises


Creative props -the brain likes novelty
Small Chair
Styrofoam Cups
Rubber Bands
Large Beer Bottle
Make up your own creative
exercises
Arts and Crafts

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

continued

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Kinds of Exercises


Fantasy
– Common object
– Pick an object in the room
– Hot air balloon

Common reading
– Inspiring and/or thought provoking
– Needs to be rather brief—not pages

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

continued

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Kinds of Exercises


Feedback
– First impressions
– Adjective checklist
– Strength bombardment
– Wishes
– Metaphorical Feedback
– Written Feedback

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

continued

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Kinds of Exercises


Trust
– Rounds related to trust
– Trust lift
– Trust fall
– Blind trust walk

Experiential
– Ropes course
– Other outdoor activities

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

continued

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Kinds of Exercises


Moral dilemma
– On a life raft—who would you eliminate

Group decision-making
– Winter Survival
– Solving various puzzles

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

continued

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Kinds of Exercises


Touching
– Okay when appropriately used
– Can be very beneficial
– Be very careful with these -- it is often good to
tell members the exercise will involve touching
and let members opt out

Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc.

continued

©2016. Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Kinds of Exercises



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