Tải bản đầy đủ

Applying career development theory to counseling, 6e chapter 5 and 6

Chapter 5

HOLLAND’S THEORY OF TYPES
Step 1
Gaining Self - Understanding
Assess a person’s ability, interests, values, and personality by examining six types.

Realistic

Investigative

Conventional
Artistic

Enterprising

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

Social

1



HOLLAND’S THEORY OF TYPES
Step 2
Obtaining Knowledge about the World of Work
Holland’s six categories provide a means for classifying and learning about occupations (the environment).

Realistic

Investigative

Conventional

Artistic

Enterprising

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

Social
2


HOLLAND’S THEORY OF TYPES
Step 3
Integrating Information about Self and the World of Work

Person
R

Environment
I

R

I

Environment

C


A

E

C

S

A

E

S

Use the information about self and environment to
facilitate a match between the two.

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

3


HOLLAND’S THEORY OF TYPES

Example of High and Low Congruence

High Congruence

Person

Environment

High

Low
S

I

A

E

C

R

S

I

Low Congruence

Person

A

C

E

R

Environment

High

Low

I

S

A

C

R

E

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

R

C

A

S

I

E
4


HOLLAND’S THEORY OF TYPES
Example of High and Low Differentiation

High Differentiation

High

Low
E

S

C

I

A

R

Low Differentiation

High

Low
E

S

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

C

I

A

R
5


HOLLAND’S THEORY OF TYPES
Consistency

Identify the Holland types that are consistent with
each other and inconsistent with each other.

Realistic

Investigative

Conventional

Artistic

Enterprising

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

Social

6


HOLLAND’S THEORY OF TYPES

Identity

Clear

Diffuse

Stable
Unstable

Articulate career plans
Contingency plans

Unable to state career plans

Knowledge of self
No contingency plans

Knowledge of work
Job search strategies

Little knowledge of self

Little knowledge of work

Few job search strategies

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

7


RESEARCH ON HOLLAND’S CONCEPTS

Congruence
Holland’s types and other constructs
Consistency
Vocational identity

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

8


HOLLAND’S THEORY
OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION
The Occupation Finder
The Education Finder
The Dictionary of Holland Occupational Codes

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

9


HOLLAND’S THEORY
ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENTS
Vocational Preference Inventory
Self-Directed Search
Career Attitudes and Strategies Inventory
Position Classification Inventory
Environmental Identity Scale
My Vocational Situation

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

10


MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE THEORY

Chapter 6

Step 1: Gaining Self-Understanding
Aptitudes
(Scholastic Assessment Test)
(ACT Tests)
(Differential Aptitude Tests)
(General Aptitude Test Battery)
(Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Test
Battery)
Achievement
(Specific Occupations)
Interests
(Kuder Career Search)
(Strong Interest Inventory)
(California Occupational Preference Survey)
Values
(Study of Values)
(Values Scale)
Personality
MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR
COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

11


MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE THEORY
PREFERENCE PATTERNS
Perceiving
(Perceive an idea)

Judging
(make a decision about an idea)

Aware of. Recognize. Descern
Sensing

Thinking

(Taking information in

(Analyzing and being objective)

through hearing and seeing)

Intuition
(Indirect, adds ideas
to perceptions)

Feeling
(Subjective reaction, may be
related to one’s values)

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

12


MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE THEORY
FOUR LETTER CODE
Way of Viewing

Preferred

the World

Perceiving

Judging

Mode

Extravert

Sensing

Thinking

Judging

Intuition

Feeling

Perceiving

(Take action and
deal with people
and objects)

Introvert
(Inner world,
enjoy contemplating)

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

13


MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE PREFERENCES
AND WORK SITUATIONS

Describe work situations or activities that fit each preference type.

Extraversion

Introversion

Sensing

Intuition

Thinking

Feeling

Judging

Perceiving

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

14


MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE THEORY
The 16 Myers- Briggs Types

ISTJ

ISFJ

INFJ

INTJ

ISTP

ISFP

INFP

INTP

ESTP

ESFP

ENFP

ENTP

ESTJ

ESFJ

ENFJ

ENTJ

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

15


MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE THEORY
Falsification of type (Environmental influences can
cause individuals not to

behave like their true type)

Women
Culturally diverse populations

COPYRIGHT © 2014 Brooks/Cole*Wadsworth Publishing Company A division of Cengage Inc.

16



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×