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A topical approach to life span development, 6e chapter 4

Infancy
Chapter 4


Physical Development Terms


REM sleep - time during which dreaming occurs
(more present in early infancy)



SIDS - Sudden infant death syndrome- when infant
suddenly stops breathing and dies without an
apparent cause (shared sleeping may contribute)



WIC-Women, Infants, and Children program - nutrition
producing positive benefits in low-income families



Motor Development - Terms


Dynamic System View (Thelen) - Explains how motor
behaviors are a complex result of many factors


Nervous system



Physical properties



Movement possibilities



Goals/motivation of child



Environmental support


Motor Development - Terms


Reflexes-automatic movements


Sucking



Rooting




Moro reflexes



Gross Motor Skills



Fine Motor skills


Sensory and Perceptual
Development - Terms


Sensation- when information interacts with the eyes,
ears, tongue, nostrils, and skin



Perception- interpretation of what is sensed



Ecological view (Gibsons) - The view that perception
functions to bring organisms in contact with the
environment and to increase adaptation/action



Affordances- opportunities for interaction offered by
objects that fit within our capabilities to perform
activities



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