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The transformed school counselor chapter 1

New Vision of 21st Century
School Counseling
The Transformed School Counselor
Chapter 1

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


New Directions for 21st Century Schools



Higher Levels of Academic Expectations



Pressures From the Global Economy




Rapidly Changing Technology



Swings and Shifts in Societal Issues and Values

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


We know that the state of
education in our nation isn’t
as good as it needs to be!

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


Percentage of 25- to 29-year-olds who attained
selected levels of education in 2009

Source: Aud, S., Hussar, W., Planty, M., Snyder, T., Bianco, K., Fox, M., Frohlich, L., Kemp, J., Drake, L. (2010).
The Condition of Education 2010 (NCES 2010-028). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education
Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


School Counseling Changing
With the Times









Historical Overview – from Parsons to the National

Defense Education Act (1958)
Early comprehensive programs 1970’s
A Nation at Risk (1983), America 2000, GOALS 2000
No Child Left Behind (2001)
ASCA National Standards (1997)
Transformed School Counseling (1997)
ASCA National Model (2003, 2005)
Blueprint for Reform (2010)

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


Purpose of Counseling in Schools








support students to achieve to the best of their
ability;
help students manage their behavior;
improve students’ social and personal
relationships;
increase a student’s ability to cope and succeed;
provide transition and post secondary planning
(help students adjust to a new grade and/or college
planning); and
connect the work of the school counselor to school
improvement goals.

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


“To restructure, we must first look deeply
at the goals we set for our children and
the beliefs we have about them.”
Asa Hillard III

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


What do school counselors
need to be know and be able
to do to successfully meet the
st
challenges of 21 century
schools and students?

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


21st Century Students
Many students face emotional, physical,
social, and economic barriers that inhibit
successful learning. One in five children
live in poverty, and almost one-third of the
children in the country under the age of
eighteen do not live with both parents
(Children’s Defense Fund, 2010).
©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


The Important Role of 21st Century
School Counselors






Supporting Student Success
Helping All Children Achieve at a Higher Level
Leaders and Advocates for School
Improvement
Partners in Educational Excellence
Closing the Opportunity and Information Gaps
to Help Eliminate the Achievement Gap

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


School Counselors Acting As
Agents of Change



Create a climate where access and support for
quality and rigor is the norm
Embrace the ethical and moral obligation to
reduce and eliminate social and institutional
barriers that stand in the way of students’
success

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


21st Century School Counselor
Traditional Role Focus









Individual students’ concerns/issues
Primary focus on personal/social development
Clinical model focused on student deficits
Mental health provider for individual and small
group counseling
Post secondary planning for interested students
Ancillary support personnel
Works in isolation; little collaboration with
teachers
Student scheduler

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


Transformed Role Focus










Proactive prevention and intervention for every student
Academic / career and personal social development
Whole school and system concerns/issues model
Academic, career, and personal-social counseling to support
student learning and achievement, supporting student
success
All students career and college ready
Key contributor to effect change as a leader, social justice
advocate, program developer
Shift from “I” to the “We” mindset as a team player and
collaborator with all educators and staff in the school
Develop a program of study with students based on
education and career goals

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


Ensuring Every Stakeholder Benefits
from School Counseling Programs
What are the BENEFITS for:
Students Parents Faculty Administration Business community Higher education –
School counselors ©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


Closing the “Gaps”
Helping to close the opportunity,
information, and achievement gaps is a
primary purpose for the work of counselors
in schools.
What can school counselors do?

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


Beliefs Determine Behavior

How Can School Counselors
Show Their Beliefs About
Student Success Through Their
Actions?

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


The Past

- The Future

School counselors need to identify, clarify,
implement, and communicate the
characteristics associated with effective school
counseling programs or Sprinthall’s (1971)
concerns about the ambiguous nature of and
purpose for school counseling programs will
continue to prevail.

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


We Must Be Powerful Contributors
As key players in the school improvement
arena, 21st-century school counselors can
contribute in powerful ways to creating schools
that nurture respect, have high aspirations, and
are committed to closing the gap!

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


How has the school counseling profession
changed in the last 20 years?
What changes have your personally noticed
in the practice of school counselors?

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.


Our Contributions to Our Schools





support student success;
help all children achieve at a higher level;
change attitudes and beliefs about student
achievement; and,
partners in educational excellence

©2012 Cengage Learning. These materials are designed for classroom use and can be used for educational purposes only. Reproduction for commercial use is in violation of
copyright laws.



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