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STRUCTURES (test 45) lớp 9

STRUCTURES (unit 9

11)

1.Phrases of purpose :
in order (not) to
S + V… +

so as (not) to

+ V-inf

(not) to
Ex:- She wore warm clothes in order not to get cold.
- I study English in order to/ so as to/ to communicate with people
all over the world.

* Clause of purpose :
in order that
S + V… +


So that
In case

+S+V
S+

M.V + V-inf
V (past/present)

Ex: - I study hard in order that / I can get good marks.

2. Modal will:

Promises
Future tense
Requests
Offers

Ex: - Will you close the door for me, please ? (request)
-

Your bag looks heavy. I will help you. (offer)
I will get good marks in the second semester I promise.


I promise to get good marks in the second semester.

3. Request

Can/ Could

+ you…+ V-inf

Will/Would
Respond

agreement

sure
Ok

All right

disagreement

I’m sorry, I can’t.
I’m afraid not.

4. Offers

Would you like +

to-inf ?
N…?

What can I get for you ?
Shall I / we + V-inf…?
Will/Won’t you have + N…?
Can I get you…?
Respond

agreement

Yes, please
That would be nice.

disagreement

5. Promises

No, thank you.

I promise + clause (S + will/won’t…)
S + promise + to-inf.
I will + to-inf…. I promise.


Request

I hope so/Good/I’m glad/Don’t forget.

6. passive form:
S

V

O

S

P.P (V-3/V-ed)

by O

1.Present simple:
S + be (am/is/are) + P.P + (by O)
2.Past simple:
S + be (was/were) + P.P + (by O)
3.Present perfect:
S + have/has + been + P.P + (by O)
4.Future simple:
S + will + be + P.P + (by O)
5.Modal verb: may,might,can,could,should,must(used to,have to,be
going to)
S + M.V + be + P.P + (by O)
6.Present progressive:
S + be (am/is/are) + being + P.P + (by O)
7.Past progressive:


S + be (was/were) + being + P.P +(by O)
8.V-ing: being + P.P
9.To-inf: to be + P.P
*NOTE:
- Chúng ta có thể bỏ by O trong câu bị động khi chủ từ là Đại từ nhân
xưng (personal pronouns / someone / somebody / everyone / every
people)
+ No one / nobody / nothing / (thêm not)
Ex: Noone will helped him.
He won’t be helped.
-Trạng ngữ chỉ nơi chốn đứng trước by O, trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian
đứng sau by O.
-Một số động từ có 2 tân ngữ, chúng ta chúng ta biến đổi được 2 câu
bị động, nhưng khi đưa tân ngữ chỉ vật lên làm chủ từ thì trước tân ngữ
chỉ người phải thêm to hoặc for.
-V thêm to: give, send, bring, lend, own, pay, show, pass, read, throw.
-V thêm for: book, build, buy, cook, fix, keep, make, get, save, leave.

7.Adjective followed by

an inf
A noun clause

*An inf: S + be + adj...
-Chủ từ giả: It + be + adj + to-inf

To-inf + N +be + adj.
V-ing + N + be +adj.


*Noun clause: S + be + adj + clause.(2)
*Note: Những tính từ chỉ sự chắc chắn (sure, certain,...) hoặc cảm xúc
(happy, delighted,...) đc sử dụng trong mẫu câu số (2).

8.Past participle phrase: V-ed / V-3
Present participle phrase: V-ing
9.Request:
Do / Would you mind + V-ing...?

Lisener

(Người nghe thực hiện hành động)
Agreement

No, I don’t mind
No, of course not
Not at all

Disagreement

I’m sorry, I can’t.
I’m sorry, that is not possible.

Would you mind if I + V-ed/V-2...?
Do you mind if I + V-inf...?
Speaker (Người nói thực hiện hành động)
Agreement

Please do.
Please go ahead.

Disagreement

I’d prefer you didn’t.
I’d rather you didn’t.




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