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HOT Bộ đề IELTS Writing task 1 và đáp án chi tiết

IELTS MATERIALS
1.The graphs below give information about computer ownership
as a percentage of the population between 2002 and 2010, and by
level of education for the years 2002 and 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main
features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Model Answer :
The bar charts show data about computer ownership, with a further
classification by level of education, from 2002 to 2010.
A steady but significant rise can be seen in the percentage of the population
that owned a computer over the period. Just over half the population owned
computers in 2002, whereas by 2010 three out of four people had a home
computer.
An analysis of the data by level of education shows that higher levels of
education correspond to higher levels of computer ownership in both of those
years. In 2002, only around 15% of those who did not finish high school had
a computer but this figure had trebled by 2010. There were also considerable
increases, of approximately 30 percentage points, for those with a high school
diploma or an unfinished college education (reaching 65% and 85%

respectively in 2010). However, graduates and postgraduates proved to have
the greatest level of ownership in 2010, at 90% and 95% respectively, 20
percentage points higher than in 2002.
The last decade has seen a substantial growth in computer ownership in
general, and across all educational levels.


2.The graph below presents the employment patterns in the USA
between 1930 and 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main
features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer :
In 1930, 75% of the labour force in the USA was employed in farming,
fishing and foresting while only 10% worked in sales and office and trade.
At the same time both the Industrial sector and the technical sector
constituted just 2% of the workforce each. This situation changed only very
gradually over the next 20 years, except for the technical workforce, which
increased more than threefold.
However by 1980 there had been a significant change in the pattern of
employment. While the farming, fishing and foresting employees had
declined in number to 40% of the workforce, Industrial employees as well as
technical had increased their share to 13% and 10% respectively.
Similarly the sales and office sectors did not increase until 1980. The most
dramatic change could be seen by 2000, when the proportion of farming,


fishing and foresting works reduced to just 10% while the three other major
sectors had all increased to over 20% of the workforce.

3. The bar chart below shows the number of houses built per year
in two cities, Derby and Nottingham, Between 2000 and 2009.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the
information shown below.
Write at least 150 words.

Model answer 01:
The bar chart describes the number of houses built in two neighboring cities,
Derby and Nottingham, Between 2000 and 2009.

Overall, the number of houses that were erected in Derby exceeded upwards
the quantity constructed in Nottingham. The trend for the former was
decidedly upwards, with Derby experiencing a steady rise from 40 new
houses in the first year, to just under 120 during the 2003. Over the next 4
years of decade, new houses construction in Derby remained constant at just
under 120. This is in sharp contrast to the last two years when the number of
houses that went up in Derby leapt, first to 280 and then to 350 houses.


Houses building in Nottingham, by comparison, was much more erratic. In
the first two years of the decade, more houses were erected in Nottingham
than in Derby. In 2002, however, construction declined to only 20. Over the
next three years, houses numbers rose steadily, only to drop practically to
zero in 2006. There was then a dramatic surge in 2007 with over 200 houses
being built. While in 2008 saw house building in Nottingham plummeting to
only 10, in 2009 the number of new houses rocketed to 270, a rise of more
than 2600 % on the previous year.

4. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting
description of the correlation of the table that follow.
Write at least 150 words.

Model answer :
There is a clear correlation between the litres of beer consumed per capita
and number of alcohol related deaths. The table shows that the greatest
beer consumption in 2002 was to be found in Czech Republic, Germany and


Austria, and that each of these regions also had by far the largest litres of
alcohol related deaths in 2005. Czech Republic, with the greatest beer
consumption per litre, namely over hundred and thirty for 2002, also
experienced well over one million litres alcohol-related deaths by 2005. The
region with the second highest beer consumption was Germany, with nearly
107 litres, and it also recorded the second highest number of alcohol-related
deaths, namely 1.185 million.
In all regions except Canada it can be seen that the higher beer consumption,
the higher the alcohol-related mortality rate. It is interesting that in Canada,
with the lowest level of beer consumption, at 86 per capita, the mortality rate
was the high as in Ireland, namely 0.58 million, although in the latter the
consumption level was high. Clearly other health or economic factors must
be involved. It is also interesting to note that in each case the number of
female death was significantly lower than that of males, which seems to be a
reflection of the fact that in general far fewer women than men drink.

5. The line graph shows Paris Metro station
passengers. Summarise the information by selecting and report
in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words


Model answer 01:
The line-graph indicates the number of people using a metro station in Paris
over a given day of year.
The number of passengers rises sharply in the morning reaching a peak of
400 at 8 am. After the morning peak there is a steady drop to 300 at 9 am
and less than 200 at 10 am. Between 10 am and 11 am there is a slight
increase. The number plateaus just below 300 between 12 noon and 2 pm. In
the afternoon, there is a decline in the number of citizens using the station to
just 80 at 4 pm. The evening brings a huge increase from 200 at 5 pm to
almost 400 at 6 pm. The number of passengers tapers off slightly after 6 pm,
but falls quickly to 120 by 8 pm. After a small rise at 9 pm, the number tails
off to 120 at 10 pm.
All in all, the time series show that the greatest number of passengers gather
in the station early in the morning and also early in the evening.

6. The bar chart shows the number of visitors to three London
Museums between 2007 and 2012. Summarize the information by
selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons
where relevant.
Write at least 150 words


Model answer:
The bar chart illustrates information about how many people per year visited
three London museums over six-year period from 2007 to 2012.
Overall, what stands out from the graph is there was gradual upward trend in
the number of visitors of the National Gallery, which became the most
popular museum from being at last place, while the Victoria and Albert
Museum followed the opposite trend. In detail, in the first two years of the
period, the number of visitors of Victoria and Albert Museum remained
stable at 13.5 million, and then fell to 9 million in 2010, while that of British
Museum, dropped significantly by 50%, from 12 million to 6 million and
remained at this level in 2009.
However, there was gradual upward trend in the number of visitors of both
British Museum and Victoria and Albert from 2010 to 2012, the former
number doubled and the latter rose by more than 50%, finishing at 14.5 and
40 million respectively. In addition, there was significant increase of the
number of visitors of National Gallery over the whole six-year period, the
figure finishing at almost 16 million.


7. The pie chart gives information on UAE government spending
in 2000. The total budget was AED 315 billion.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main
features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:
The graph tells us about the budget of the UAE government in 2000. In
general, the most important targets were social security, health, and
education.
The biggest slice of the pie chart is taken up by social security including
pensions, employment assistance and other benefits which made up slightly
under one-third of total expenditure. Health and personal social services was


the second highest budget cost. Hospital and medical services accounted for
AED 53 billion, or about 15% of the budget. Education cost UAE AED 38
billion which comprises almost 12% of the whole budget. The government
spent about seven percent of revenue on debt, and roughly similar amounts
went towards defence (AED 22 billion) and law and order (AED 17 billion).
Spending on housing, transport and industry totalled AED 37 billion.
Finally, other expenditure accounted for AED 23 billion.
All in all, the bulk of UAE government spending goes on social welfare and
health. However, education, defence, and law and order are also major areas
of spending.

8. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The table below highlights data on the number of travelers using
three major German airports between 2007 and 2012.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main
features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

Model answer:
The table shows information about how many people visited Germany
through three major airports, over a five-year period, there was a fluctuant
trend in the number of travelers who travelled via Dusseldorf, while the
other two airports saw an upward trend. Another interesting point is
that Frankfurt airport was the most popular at the end.


Looking at the detail, the number of passengers at Dusseldorf started at
27.2m in 2007, and then increased remarkably to reach the highest point of
48.2m in 2009. In 2011, the figure dipped to 33.2m. At the last year, there
was a slight growth to 45.6m. On the other hand, Frankfort began at 36.5m
in 98, after that it rose remarkably for the next three years, at 47.3m. In
2012, Frankfort hit the peak point at 69.3m passengers.
However, if we look at Berlin Tegal airport, it started at the lowest point of
17.3m travelers in the first year. After this point, the trend increased
significantly to 43.3m passengers.

9. The chart below gives information about “Istanbul Promo
plus” sales in 2007. Summarise the information by selecting and
reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer :
The chart shows how Promo Plus in Istanbul fluctuated over a period of 12
months. It is observed that in the first month of 2007, Promo Plus sales stood
at 200 million turkish lira and rose slightly to reach about 225 million in
February. This was followed by another increase, although much steeper, in


March when sales where almost 125 million turkish lira higher than
February.
However, this upward trend was suddenly broken and sales plummeted
dramatically over the next 4 months to reach a little over 100 million turkish
lira in July. August sales showed a significant rise back to January levels as
figures nearly doubled, but this was not to last as they dropped again in
September to the same level as they were in July. October came with a small
increase of about 100 million turkish lira in sales, after which sales figures
levelled off and remained relatively static over the last two months of 2007.
Overall, Promo Plus in Istanbul remained relatively unchanged in 2007 as
January and December sales were fairly equal. Also, sales were at their
highest in March while the weakest sales figures could be observed in July
and September.

10. The bar chart below give information about five countries
spending habits of shopping on consumer goods in 2012.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main
features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

Model answer:


The chart compares the spending habits of shoppers in five European
countries on six consumer products, namely console games, outdoor game
accessories, cosmetics, books, toys and camera. Overall, more money was
spent on the latter two than on any other product.
It can be observed that in Britain, the highest amount of money was spent on
camera (more than 160 million pounds), while similar amounts were spent
on console games and outdoor game accessories. The Austrian spent the
second highest amount of money on the first three products while they stood
last in the latter three. It is also revealed that Spanish spent more money on
toys than on any other product (a bit less than £150 million), but they also
paid a lot for camera. Finally, Belgian spent the least overall, having similar
spending figures for all 6 products compared in the bar chart.
To sum up, the British were the biggest spenders in all six categories among
the nations compared in the bar chart while the lowest spending levels were
attributed to the residents of Belgium.

11. The pie charts below give information on the ages of the
populations of Oman and Spain in 2005 anf projections for
2055. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the
main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words


Model answer:
The pie charts show significant comparison of age groups in Oman and
Spain. Initial statistics are concerning 2005 and some predictions about the
ages of the populations are made referring to 2055.
It is apparent from the charts people who were under consisted half of the
population of Oman in 2005. 48% and a negligible 4% of Oman population
were 15-59 and 60 and over respectively. However, following a half century
is assessed to bring staggering alteration of dominant positions in Oman


population. Proliferation from 48% to 57% can be cited as example which
will make 15 to 59 year old Oman people dominant in 2055.
However, in 2005, 62 percent of Spanish people were between 19 and 59.
Predictions about that status illustrate not significant alterations in the
dominance of age groups.
Overall, it is important to note that, in 2055, proportion of people under 14
will slide away in both countries. However, this trend will cause middle
aged people to take over dominant position solely in Oman.

12. The bar chart below shows the total number of minutes (in
billions) of telephone calls in Australia, divided into three
categories, from 2001- 2008. Summarise the information by
selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons
where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:
The chart shows the time spent by Australian resident on different types of
telephone calls between 2001 and 2008.


Local fixed line calls were the highest throughout the period, rising from 72
billion minutes in 2001 to just under 90 billion in 2003. After peaking at 90
billion the following year, these calls had fallen back to the 2001 figure by
2008.
National and international fixed line calls grew steadily from 38 billion to 61
billion at end of the period in question, though the growth slowed over the
last two years.
There was a dramatic increase in mobile calls from 2 billion to 46 billion
minutes. This rise was particularly noticeable between 2005 and 2008,
during which time the use of mobile phones tripled.
To sum up, although local fixed line calls were still most popular in 2008,
the gap between the three categories had narrowed considerably over the
second half of the period in question.

13. The diagram shows the relationship between a numbers of
different languages. Summarise the information by selecting and
reporting the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.
Write at least 150 words


Model answer:
The diagram shows the varieties of English spoken throughout the world and
how they are related.
There are two main branches of English: British English and American
English. The British English Branch is geographically wide-spread. It
extends across several continents from the West Indies, through the British
Isles themselves, Africa, the Indian subcontinent, the Far East and
Australasia. In addition to the four varieties of English spoken in the British
Isles (i.e. in Ireland, Wales, Scotland and England), it includes a large
number of other varieties, for instance Jamaican English, South Africa
English, and Australian English.
The American branch is largely restricted to the American continent. It
comprises the varieties of English spoken in the different region of the
United States itself, as well as in Canada. Beyond the continent, the extent of
its influence is limited to the Philippines in the Far East and American
Samoa in the Pacific.


In brief, the diagram shows that, like the economic and political influence of
the Anglo Saxon countries, the reach of English has extended to virtually
every region of the world.

14. The diagram below shows two different processes for
manufacturing black tea. Summarise the information by
selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons
where relevant.
Write at least 150 words



Model answer:
The diagram shows the two processes for manufacturing black tea. The
traditional way is used for making loose tea and modern process is ideal for
teabags.
When collecting tea, the tea picker picks only the two top leaves and the bud
of ensure a high quality tea. Then, the tea leaves go through withering,
where leaves are spread out and air is passed through withering, where
leaves are spread out and air is passed through them to remove up to 60 per
cent of their moisture.
After that, the leaves are ready for rolling or cutting. Factories use traditional
methods of rolling and crushing or faster modern methods of cutting, tearing
and curling to make teabags. In both processes, natural enzymes are
produced from the leaves. The next step is oxidation, where the enzymes
from the leaves mix with the air. This changes the colour of the leaves from
green to copper and creates a nice flavour and aroma. Finally, the leaves are
fired and dried. By this stage, little moisture remains in the tea-just three per
cent.

15. The pie graphs show the nutritional consistency of two
dinners. Write a report to a university lecturer describing the
data.
Write at least 150 words


Model answer:
The graphs compare the proportion of various nutritional compounds
contained in two different foods; macaroni and medium baked potato.
In general, there are a larger percentage of carbohydrates and saturated fats
in macaroni than in medium baked potato. In contrast, medium baked potato
has a much higher amount of protein and glucose.


In particular, macaroni mainly consists of large amounts of carbohydrate and
saturated fats. Carbohydrates take up slightly more than a half, 52%, while a
little less than a quarter is made up of saturated fats. The other nutrients
show relatively lower proportions.
On the other hand, medium baked potato is mostly comprised of
carbohydrates and protein. The amount of carbohydrates in the food is less
than in macaroni, but they still take up the greatest percentage of 35% in
medium baked potato. Interestingly, this dinner cereal has a large amount of
protein with 25%, which is very different from macaroni. The other types of
nutrients do not show significant figures in the pie chart.

16. The flow chart below shows an automatic photo
booth. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the
main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words


Model answer:
The flow chart shows the main feature of a coin-operated photo booth,
which allows the user to take large or passport-size self-portraits.
Two buttons on the outside of the booth allow you to select the size of photo
(large format or passport size). If the large format setting is chosen, you will
only receive one photo. Passport-sized photos are issued in sets of four. Two
buttons below these let you choose colour or black and white, although you
must choose colour for passport photos. There is also a slot on the outside of
the booth for the insertion of coins, and a larger slot where the photos are
delivered.


Inside the booth, there is an adjustable seat to sit on. The seat should be
adjusted so that your eyes are level with the arrow on the screen. A mirror
allows you to check your appearance before the photos are taken.
The curtain in the doorway should be closed when the photos are taken. A
light to the right of the screen comes on, telling you to prepare. After this,
the flash goes off after three seconds. The photographs are delivered outside
within sixty seconds.

17. The graphs indicate the source of complaints about the bank
of America and the amount of time it takes to have the
complaints resolved. Summarise the information by selecting and
report in the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.
Write at least 150 words


Model answer:
The two graphs depict different information related to complaints within the
bank of America. The pie graph shows the sources of complaints, while the
bar graph illustrates the average time taken between investigation into
complaints and final action taken.
In general, by far the highest number of complaints against the bank of
America originated from the public. The bar graph shows the average time
period between investigation and action is around 5 months.
63% of all complaints against the bank of America are lodged by the public.
Of the remaining 37% of complaints, the figures can be grouped into


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