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Main English 11

Unit 2: PERSONAL EXPERIENCE
I. Choose the word whose bold/ underlined part is pronounced differently form that of the other three.
1. A. receive
B. rebel
C. retreat
D. relate
2. A. they
B. chimney
C. key
D. money
3. A. shy
B. fly
C. sky
D. easy
4. A. piece
B. chief
C. friend
D. thief
5. A. bank
B. dad
C. pans

D. last
6. A. balloon
B. blood
C. soon
D. zoo
7. A. complete
B. engine
C. heavy
D. many
8. A. chemistry
B. champagne
C. chaos
D. architect
9. A. church
B. cheap
C. chorus
D. children
10. A. though
B. comb
C. only
D. gone
11. A. after
B. advise
C. agreement
D. allowance
12. A. bear
B. beard
C. pear
D. tear
13. A. danger
B. angel
C. anger
D. magic
14. A. trivial
B. rivalry
C. minority
D. sign
15. A. suitable
B. biscuit
C. guilty

D. building
II. Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from that of the other three.
1. A. repair
B. person
C. color
D. doorbell
2. A. birthday
B. flavor
C. impact
D. fragrance
3. A. information
B. experience
C. influenza
D. conversation
4. A. relative
B. adequate
C. attentive
D. wonderful
5. A. image
B. party
C. extract
D. prefer
III. VOCABULARY & STRUCTURES:
1. The old man serves the ball skillfully. He ________ a good tennis player when he was young.
A. can be
B. must be
C. could be
D. must have been
2. I can’t hear you very well. Please ________ up a little bit.
A. say
B. speak
C. talk
D. shout
3. Normally he is rather ________ but sometimes he talks freely about himself.
A. sociable
B. reserved
C. serious
D. peaceful
4. He has recently got an interesting ________ in a textile factory.
A. employment
B. job
C. work
D. occupation
5. Dragonflies remain stationary in the air while ________ their prey to come near.
A. waited for
B. they wait
C. waiting for
D. to wait
6. He ________ the effects of radiation when he suddenly fell in.
A. was studying
B. studied
C. had been studying D. had studied
7. How many questions ________ you ________ so far?
A. do/ answer
B. will / answer
C. did / answer
D. have/ answered
8. I ________ John. He ________ me about his trip to Singapore.
A. met/ told
B. met / was telling
C. have met / told
D. met / have told
9. Look! A boy ________ after a little dog.
A. runs
B. is running
C. is running
D. was running
10. She said she met you once at the Hilton last year. ________ since?
A. Have you met her
B. Had you met her
C. Did you meet her D. Were you met her
11. The higher ________ octane number of gasoline, the less knocking occurs in the engine as the fuel is burned.
A. some
B. the
C. is
D. than
12. I’ve just seen Dad with a shovel in his hand. He ________ in the garden right now.
A. may be working
B. must be working
C. should work
D. is working


13. I don’t know what Mary was studying last night. She ________ Spanish.
A. must have study
B. may have been studying
C. may be studying
C. was studying
14. ________ art appreciation is an individual matter, no work of art is ever perceived by two persons in exactly
the same way.
A. Since
B. According to
C. Because of
D. Perhaps
15. This is the first time I ________ Hanoi.
A. visited
B. am visiting
C. have visited
D. will visit
16. Right now, I ________ some help. What are you doing? Can you give me a hand?
A. am needing
B. deed
C. will need
D. have needed
17. Last night, while I ________ a letter, the phone ________ .
A. was writing/ was ringing
B. wrote/ was ringing
C.
wrote/ rang
D. was writing / rang
18. Next summer, we’re ________ a swimming pool built in our back garden.
A. making
B. deciding
C. letting
D. having
19. By the year 2000, many people currently employed ________ their jobs.
A. have lost
B. will have lost
C. will be losting
D. are closing
20. The flat looks ________ and ________ comfortable.
A. nicely/ extremely
B. nice/ extreme
C. nicely/ extreme
D. nice/ extremely
21. Jack is an unsociable boy. He often keeps quiet and retreated ________ .
A. into his body
B. into his shell
C. in his house
D. in his place
22. I want to slip away without drawing too much ________ to myself.
A. intention
B. presentation
C. attention
D. pretention
23. I want a ________ watch. Do you have one?
A. Swiss gold handmade B. Swiss handmade gold
C. gold Swiss handmade D. handmade gold Swiss
24. They are living in a ________ cottage.
A. stone-built country
B. country stone-built C. built-stone country D. country built stone
25. Do you ________ smoke ? I think there is a fire down the street.
A. feel
B. usually
C. smell
D. hear
26. The cost of service is ________ in the bill.
A. include
B. including
C. includes
D. included
27. I read in today’s paper that they are ________ married.
A. having
B. getting
C. being
D. going
28. I don’t feel well. I ________ home from work tomorrow.
A. stay
B. am staying
C. stayed
D. have stayed
29. The driver ________ a speeding ticket. The police are right behind him.
A. is getting
B. will get
C. gets
D. is going to get
30. What time ________ tonight?
A. does the concert begin B. will the concert begin
C. will the concert be beginning
D. is the concert going to begin
31. She nearly died of ________ when he said such a secret thing.
A. embarrassed
B. embarrassing
C. embarrassment
D. embarrass
32. Most children like being made a fuss of by the others.
A. taken care of
B. paid much attention to
C. given place to
D. made allowance for
33. Can you tell me one of your ________ experiences?
A. embarrassing
B. memorable
C. unforgettable
D. All are correct


34. The boy looks very like his father.
A. is the idol of his father B. is the only child of his father
C. is the image of his father
D. is the best child of his father
35. My little girl is always too shy to ask anyone for help.
A. modest
B. attractive
C. rude
D. timid
36. Have you ever had a ________ look at a certain girl?
A. sneaky
B. timid
C. silent
D. strict
37. By the end of next year, we ________ our English course.
A. will have completed B. completed
C. have completed
D. will be completed
38. Can you help me? I ________ this mobile phone two months ago, and now it ________ .
A. had bought – didn’t work
B. have bought – hasn’t worked
C. bought – won’t work
D. bought – doesn’t work
39. No sooner ________ the news than she ________
A. she heard – fainted
B. had she heard- was fainted
C. had she heard – fainted
D. she had heard – fainted
40. If only you ________ your mother what I said, everything ________ all right.
A. didn’t tell – would be B. hadn’t told – would have been
C. don’t tell – will be
D. shouldn’t tell – would be
IV. Choose the underlined word or phrase in each sentence that needs correcting:
1. There are more potatoes cultivated than any the other vegetable crop worldwide.
A
B
C
D
2. All students are looking forward spending their free time relaxing in the sun this summer.
A
B
C
D
3. Not much people realize that apples have been cultivated for over 3.000 years.
A
B
C
D
4. Almost everyone have heard the most famous Olympic saying: “ Stronger, Higher, Faster ”
A
B
C
D
5. There’s a film on TV tonight, but I think we had already seen it before.
A
B
C
D
6. All the passengers haven’t realized that they were in danger until they heard the pilot’s
A
B
C
D
announcement.
7. Skydiving, a difficult and dangerous sport, are becoming very popular with both men and women.
A
B
C
D
8. Henry invite me to the movies, but I said I was planning to go shopping that evening.
A
B
C
D
9. I have been being lost one of my keys. I must have dropped it somewhere in the classroom this
morning.
A
B
C
D
10. The benefits which we gain from walking are more greater than what many people was realizing.
B
B
C
D
11. The government has promised to deal to the problem of unemployment among young people.
A
B
C
C
12. As soon as the alarm clock had gone off, she woke up and got out of bed.
A
B
C
D
13. The last time I was going swimming was when I was in Nha Trang.
A
B
C
D
14. She asked me what did I think of the performance the previous day.
A
B
C
D


15. Up to now, there had been no woman being chosen the US President.
A
B
C
D
16. We were a few minutes late so the film was already started when we got the cinema.
A
B
C
D
17. Yesterday morning, while many other students are working hard in the library, Tom was working
on the field with his ball. A
B
C
D
18. No sooner I had entered my room than the phone started to ring.
A
B
C
D
19. When I was a small, I used to go fishing with my father and my brother.
A
B
C
D
20. The more I live with him , the most I love him.
A
B
C
D
21. The Caspian Sea, a salt lake, is the largest than any other lakes in the world.
A
B
C
D
22. According with Gardner, it is motivation that plays an important role in his success.
A
B
C
D
V. READING
* Read the passage carefully and choose the best word or phrase given to fill in each numbered blank:
“ Good accommodation makes a successful career”. I didn’t believe in this saying until I arrived (1) ________ here
to start my new job. At first, I stayed in a mini hotel, but I soon realized that I needed a permanent (2) _______ to
live in as I was going to work in this city for long. The (3) _______ apartment I had a look at was in the basement
of a deteriorating old building; so it was (4) _______ very damp in winter, especially when the weather become
snowy, apart (5) _______ the fact that the only view was that of a dull red brick wall. (6) _______ I looked over a
small apartment in a modern (7) _______ . It had a comfortable (8) _______ space for my big car and a large
garden, but the (9) _______ was certainly too high for me to afford. I didn’t want to (10) _______ up in a narrow,
dirty place at all; so I decided to (11) _______ a tiny ad for home sharing in the (12) _______ newspaper. This
house was in a quiet neighborhood, and as (13) _______ as I saw it, I immediately (14) _______ in love with it. I
have been living there (15) _______ then and have done my job even more successfully than ever before.
1. A. at
B. in
C. O
D. to
2. A. villa
B. room
C. building
D. place
3. A. first
B. next
C. last
D. only
4. A. hardly
B. clearly
C. completely
D. wonderfully
5. A. from
B. with
C. beside
D. of
6. A. After
B. Second
C. Then
D. Next
7. A. block
B. department
C. city
D. slum
8. A. park
B. parking
C. parks
D. parked
9. A. rent
B. cost
C. hire
D. price
10. A. put
B. go
C. end
D. move
11. A. reply
B. answer
C. respond
D. ask
12. A. annual
B. professional
C. local
D. national
13. A. far
B. long
C. well
D. soon
14. A. fall
B. felt
C. fell
D. failed
15. A. from
B. since
C. before
D. after
* Choose the best option basing on the reading passage:
1. We can infer from the passage that at first the writer didn’t believe in the saying because _______.
A. he had to live in a small hotel
B. he hadn’t started his new job
C. he hadn’t lived far away before
D. he had just arrived there then
2. He needed somewhere else to live permanently as the hotel was ____________ .


A. far away from his work
B. too uncomfortable to live in
C. a wonderful place to live for long
D. the only good place for him
3. The word damp in the passage is closest in meaning to __________ .
A. wet
B. dry
C. warm
D. cold
4. What is the biggest disadvantage of the modern small apartment?
A. It was too expensive.
B. It was near the city center.
C. Its garden was too large.
D. The garage wasn’t big enough.
5. In the end, the writer decided to settle down in __________ .
A. a neighborhood
B. an apartment building
C. a newspaper
D. a shared house

UNIT 3: PARTIES
* GRAMMAR: GERUND AND INFINITIVE
I. FUNCTIONS OF GERUND (Chức năng của Gerund):
1. Subject for a verb : (Làm chủ ngữ cho động từ ) .
EX: Swimming is good for your health.
Smoking is not good for your health.
2. Object for some verbs (Làm tân ngữ cho một số động từ) :
admit, advise, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, complete, consider, delay, deny, discuss, dislike, enjoy, finish, can’t help, can’t
bear, can’t stand, keep, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practice, quit, recall, recommend, resent, suggest, hate, love, like,
start, begin, forget, remember, stop, regret, continue, acknowledge, endure(chòu đựng, cam chòu), imagine, justify,
resist(kháng cự, chống lại), feel like, forgive, risk, tolerate.
3. Object for preposition (Làm tân ngữ cho giới từ):
tobe interested in, tobe fond of, tobe bored with, tobe fed up with, tobe afraid of, tobe surprised at, tobe worried about, tobe
amused at, tobe amazed at, tobe famous for, tobe different from, tobe good/ bad at, tobe excited at/ about, tobe frightened of,
tobe keen on, tobe pleased with, tobe relaxed with, tobe exhausted at, tobe free from, tobe busy with, tobe absent from, tobe
present at, tobe tired of, tobe terrified of, tobe nervous of, tobe successful in, to be used to, to get used to, to think of/ about,
to give up, to depend on, to insit on, to rely on, ...
4. Object for some phrases and expressions (Làm tân ngữ cho một số cụm từ và thành ngữ) :
to look forward to, It’s no use, It’s no good, It’s worth, have difficulty + gerund.
5. Một số động từ theo sau có thể dùng Gerund or To Infinitive đều không thay đổi nghóa:
begin, start, hate, prefer, continue, like, intend, attempt.
6. Động từ theo sau dùng Gerund nghóa khác dùng To infinitive nghóa khác: stop , remember, forget, regret.
7. Sau các động từ allow, advise, forbid, permit, recommend dùng được Gerund khi không có túc từ.
EX: Sorry, we don’t allow smoking in this room.
I wouldn’t advise taking the car.
II. INFINITIVE WITH TO:
1. Làm chủ ngữ:
Eg: To love is to give.
To find my house is easy.
To save money now is necessary.
2. Bổ ngữ của động từ:
Eg: Our duty is to study harder.
3. Làm tân ngữ cho một số động từ.(Theo sau một số động từ quy đònh)
afford, agree, appear, attempt, arrange, ask, beg, care, claim, decide, demand, expect, fail, hesitate, hope, learn, manage,
need, offer, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, struggle, threaten, volunteer, wait, want, wish.
4. Verbs followed by a pro(noun) + an infinitive:
advise, allow, ask, arrange, beg, cause, challenge, convince, dare, encourage, expect, forbid, force, hire, invite, need, order,
permit, persuade, remind, require, tell, urge, want, warn, teach, instruct (dạy, hướng dẫn, thông báo), get, would like, would
prefer.
5. Dùng làm tân ngữ của tính từ:


unable, afraid, amused, annoyed(làm bực mình,chọc tức), anxious, astonished(làm ngạc nhiên), certain, delighted,
determined(xác đònh), eager, easy, good, glad, grateful, happy, hard, fortunate(may mắn, đem lại vận may), pleased,
prepared, ready, safe, surprised, wonderful, worry...
Eg: I’m glad to see you again.
We are unable to solve the problem.
6. Chỉ mục đích:
EX: We study hard to pass the exam.
We go to school to widen our knowledge.
III. INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO:
Động từ nguyên mẫu không TO được sử dụng trong các trường hợp sau:
1. Sau các động từ khiếm khuyết: can, may,must, will, shall, could, should, might, ought to, would...
Eg: He can speak 3 languages.
2. Sau các động từ chỉ giác quan như: feel, hear, see, watch, make, let...
Eg: I saw him unlock the door.
He made me study hard. (câu chủ động)
She let the ball fall onto the floor.
* Nhưng những động từ này khi ở câu bò động phải dùng TO INFINITIVE ngoại trừ “LET”.
I was made to study hard, (câu bò đôïng)
He was seen to unlock the door.
We were made to write a friendly letter.
* Feel, hear, see, watch thường được thêo sau bởi V-ING khi đề cập đến sự tiếp diễn của hành động.
Eg: I hear someone knocking at the front door.
I saw the man walking down the street.
3. Sau các động từ như: had better, would rather, have to.
Eg: We would rather wait till tomorrow.
You had better put your money in the bank.
* EXERCISES
I. PHONETICS:
* Choose one word whose underlined part pronounced differently:
1. A. adventure
B. future
C. mature
D. figure
2. A. chew
B. fetch
C. achieve
D. echo
3. A. pleasure
B. friendship
C. residential
D. unselfishness
4. A. joy
B. changeable
C. guess
D. imaginary
5. A. adventure
B. tear
C. volunteer
D. tomorrow
* Pick out the word that has the stress pattern different from that of the other words:
1. A. loyalty
B. mutual
C. unselfishness
D. constancy
2. A. apartment
B. brighten
C. common
D. intimate
3. A. sympathy
B. sympathetic
C. enthusiasm
D. understand
4. A. believe
B. perfect
C. hospitable
D. generous
5. A. available
B. category
C. enrich
D. immediate
II. VOCABULARY
1. A party is a social ________ for celebration and recreation.
A. organizing
B. gathering
C. getting
D. holding
2. In the United States, people of all ages _________ birthdays.
A. organize
B. hold
C. celebrate
D. take place
3. A shop selling shoes is called a ______________.
A. shop of shoes
B. shoe shop
C. shoes seller
D. shoe-selling shop
4. Mary usually keeps her money in a small ____________ .
A. bag in hand
B. bag hand
C. hand-in-bag
D. handbag
5. Who are your favorite _________, Jack?
A. movie stars
B. star movies
C. movies star
D. stars movie
6. I’ve just bought a _________ . Would you like to have a look?
A. machine-washer
B. washing machine
C. washer machine
D. machine-washing


7. In some countries, girl students can only go to a _____________ .
A. school of girls
B. school girl
C. girl school
D. schooling girl
8. A horse which runs races is called ………………………………
A. a horse-race
B. a race-horse C. a race’s horse
D. a horse-racing
9. A race for horses is called ………………………………
A. a running-race
B. a racing-horse
C. a race-horse D. a horse-race
10. A brush with which we brush our teeth is called ………………………………
A. a brush-teeth
B. a teeth-brush
C. a brush-tooth
D. a tooth-brush
11. A pool in which you may swim is called ………………………………
A. a swimming-pool
B. a pool-swimming C. a swim-pool D. a pool-swim
12. A table used for writing is called ………………………………
A. a table-writing
B. a writing-table
C. a writing-table
D. a written-table
13. A lamp which burns oil is called ………………………………
A. an oiling-lamp
B. an oiled-lamp
C. an oil-lamp
D. a burning-lamp
14. A dog used for hunting is ………………………………
A. a dog-hunter
B. a hunting-dog
C. a dog-hunting
D. a hunt-dog
15. A man who drives a taxi is ………………………………
A. a driving-taxi
B. a taxi-man
C. a taxi’s driver
D. a taxi-driver
16. The machine which the farmer uses to sow the grain is ………………………………
A. the sowing-machine
B. the sowing-farmer C. the sow-machine D. the sewing-machine
17. A cup used to drink tea is ………………………………
A. a cup-tea
B. a cup of tea C. a tea-cup
D. a drinking-cup
18. A rod for fishing is called ………………………………
A. a fishing-rod
B. a rod-fish
C. a fish-rod
D. a rodding-fish
19. A court for playing tennis is ………………………………
A. a tennis-court
B. a courting tennis
C. a court-tennis
D. A and B are correct
* Complete the following sentences by using given words in the box:

accepted, completely, congenial, cultural, diagonally, impossible,
numerous, removed, tucked, unacceptable
1. It’s ___________ to wear casual clothes to a wedding party.
2. Never keep the napkin ________ into the collar when you are at a dinner table.
3. There are ___________ job opportunities for young people in this city.
4. At her birthday party, my friend happily __________ my present with a very nice smile.
5. If you want to enjoy a __________ atmosphere, go with me to that barbecue tonight.
6. The mission seems ____________ to an inexperienced young man like him.
7. That unimportant file was just ___________ from the computer by its owner.
8. Put the cutlery _________ on the plate to inform the waiter that you have finished with that course.
9. Passengers are usually advised not to get off the bus until it is ___________ stopped.
10. Holding a reunion dinner on New Year’s Eve is a very special _______ feature of Vietnamese people.
III. GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURES:
1. I have difficulty ............... and ................... English.
A. speaking – writing
B. speak – writing
C. to speak – to write
D. speak - write
2. They offered ...................... her but she refused.
A. to help
B. helping
C. help
D. being helped
3. I don’t mind ...................... you ...................... the washing up.
A. help – do
B. helping – doing
C. helping – do
D. to help- to do
4. I’d like ...................... when I am sixty years old.
A. to rest
B. to stop
C. to retire
D. to relax
5. We hope the students themselves will enjoy taking ...................... in outdoor activities.
A. part
B. note
C. notice
D. advantage


6. The children are looking forward to ...................... on holiday.
A. go
B. going
C. be going
D. have gone
7. You must try not to ...................... so many mistakes again.
A. make
B. do
C. say
D. tell
8. Her advice made him ...................... his mind.
change
B. to change
C. changing
D. changed
9. Ms. Lan enjoys ...................... because she loves working with children.
A. to teach
B. to be taught
C. teaching
D. teach
10. My father doesn’t allow me ...................... in his room.
A. to smoke
B. smoking
C. smoke
D. not smoke
11. It’s very ...................... me with money.
A. kind for you to help
B. kind to you helping
C. kind of you helping
D. kind of you to help
12. It’s better to avoid ...................... during the rush hour.
A. travelling
B. to travel
C. travel
D. travelled
13. It was a nice day, so we decided ...................... for a walk.
A. to have
B. to go
C. going
D. having
14. Would you ...................... looking after my children for a while?
A. mind
B. agree
C. stand
D. care
15. Students should encourage ...................... questions in class.
A. raise
B. raising
C. to raise
D. being raised
16. It is compulsory for students in schools ...................... uniforms.
A. to wear
B. wear
C. wearing
D. worn
17. This class needs ...................... . It’s very dirty.
A. clean
B. cleaning
C. to clean
D. cleaned
18. At school, students usually take part in ...................... money for charity.
A. raised
B. to raise
C. raising
D. raise
19. May I ...................... in?
A. to come
B. coming
C. came
D. come
20. Let’s ...................... for a walk.
A. go
B. to go
C. going
D. went
21. Do you enjoy ...................... cartoon? A. watching
B. to watch
C. watch
D. watched
22. They want ...................... by air because it is much faster than other means of transport.
A. travel
B. travelling
C. travelled
D. to travel
23. Why don’t you consider ......................... me? I really look forward to ...................... you.
A. visiting – seeing B. to visit – to see
C. to be visited – saw
D. visit – see
24. It’s impolite ...................... people about their salary.
A. asked
B. to ask
C. asking
D. ask
25. Don’t ...................... in class, students!
A. talking
B. to talk
C. talk
D. talked
26. Who ...................... you English? A. do teach
B. teaches
C. teach
D. does teach
27. You had better ...................... harder.
A. to work
B. working
C. worked
D. work
28. ...................... is my hobby. A. Playing
B. Play
C. Played
D. To play
29. We should read different kinds of books ...................... our general knowledge.
A. to widen
B. widen
C. widened
D. widening
30. It’s not good to avoid ...................... the teacher’s questions in class.
A. answer
B. answering
C. answered
D. to answer
31. Students are interested in ...............a party. A. to have B. have
C. having
D. had
32. ............... the exams, students have to learn hard. A. To pass
B. Passed
C. Pass
D. Passing
33. The girl denied ..................... the news.
A. tell
B. told
C. to tell
D. telling
34. I can’t bear people ..................... at me.
A. shout
B. shouting
C. shouted
D. to shout
35. Would you like ..................... your holiday with my family in Brazil?
A. spend
B. to spend
C. spending
D. spent
36. My father is very keen ..................... classical music.
A. to listen
B. to listen to
C. on listening to
D. on listening
37. I remember ..................... next door to you when we were in Australia.

A.


A. to live
B. living
C. live
D. have lived
38. My sister is good at ..................... tennis. A. play
B. playing
C. to play
D. staying
39. Do you hope ..................... your father again this weekend?
A. meet
B. meeting
C. met
D. to meet
40. Never let children ..................... alone in the street.
A. play
B. to play
C. playing
D. played
41. Have you promised ..................... with me ?
A. to go
B. going
C. went
D. gone
42. I am bored with ..................... computer games now.
A. playing
B. to play
C. played
D. plays
43. Susan is looking for something …………………A. eating
B. eat
C. to eat
D. to eating
44. My parents are interested in ……………………………… football matches on TV.
A. watch
B. watching
C. to watch
D. watched
45. She used ………………………………as a typist. A. to working
B. work
C. working
D. to work
46. ………………………………stamps is my hobby. A. collecting
B. collect
C. collected
D. collection.
47. I remember ………………………………you about this before.
A. tell
B. to tell
C. telling
D. told
48. He let the letter ……………………………… on to the floor. A. fall
B. falls
C. falling
D. fell
49. I can’t stand ……………………… on underground when it is busy.
A. travel
B. travelling
C. to travel
D. to travelling
50. She hates ……………………… housework at weekends. A. doing B. do C. to be doing
D. being done
51. I had a headache, and the doctor asked me ……………………… some aspirin.
A. took
B. to taken
C. take
D. to take
52. She is keen on ……………………… with a doll. A. plays
B. to play
C. player
D. playing
53. Every day I spend two hours ……………………… English .
A. practise
B. to practise
C. practising
D. practised
54. I don’t mind ……………………… if you are tired.
A. driving
B. to be driven C. to drive
D. drive
55. I don’t remember ……………………… the front door when I left home.
A. to lock
B. lock
C. locked
D. locking
56. Children enjoy ……………………… to ghost stories on Halloween night.
A. telling and listening
B. tell and listen
C. to tell and listen
D. to tell and to listen
57. Have you finished ……………………… the table? A. set B. setting
C. to set
D. to be set
58. Mr Smith decided ……………………… a new TV.
A. to buy
B. buying
C. bought
D. to be bought
59. I can’t help ……………………… him in spite of his faults.
A. admire
B. admired
C. to admire
D. admiring
60. Don’t forget ……………………… home as soon as you arrive at your destination.
A. to call
B. calling
C. having called
D. to be called
61. Jack made me ……………………… him next week .
A. to promise to call
B. to promise calling C. promise to call
D. promise calling
62. If we want to get to the station on time, we’d better avoid ……………………… the highway.
A. having taken
B. take
C. to take
D. taking
63. Tommy admitted ……………………… the rock through the window.
A. throwing
B. being throwing
C. to throw
D. to be thrown
64. He suggested ……………………… a double railway tunnel.
A. to build
B. built
C. building
D. that building
65. What makes you ……………………… so?
A. think
B. to think
C. thinking
D. having thought
66. Some people are used to ……………………… in crowded buses and don’t mind it at all.
A. ride
B. ridden
C. to ride
D. riding
67. If you see Nisson, ……………………… you mind………………………him to get in touch with me ?
A. will-reminding
B. will- to remind
C. would- to remind
D. would- reminding


68. Please let me ……………………… when you can come .
A. to know
B. knowing
C. know
D. have known
69. I regret ……………………… you that I am unable to come tomorrow.
A. to tell
B. telling
C. tell
D. told
70. Workers began ……………………… a number of wooden boxes .
A. unloading
B. unload
C. to unloading
D. unloaded
71. Would you mind ……………………… the phone number ? I didn’t hear properly.
A. to repeat
B. repeat
C. repeating
D. for repeating
72. What would you like ………………………for your breakfast ?
A. eating
B. to be eaten C. to eat
D. to have eaten
73. ……………………… in the country is something he loves.
A. Travelling
B. Travel
C. The travelling
D. To travelling
74. I was reading my books, but I stopped ……………………… a programme on TV.
A. reading to watch
B. to read to watch
C. to read for watching
D. reading watching
75. I want her ……………………… a special effort today.
A. make
B. should make
C. to make
D. making
76. Let’s ………………………to the station right now or we will be late .
A. go
B. goes
C. will go
D. leaving
77. You must try to make ……………………… their teeth .
A. these children to clean
B. these children clean
C. these children cleaning
D. these children cleaned
78. Children should be encouraged _______ their individual interests.
A. develop
B. to be develop
C. developing
D. to develop
79. This room is too dark. We need ________ a lighter shade.
A. painting it
B. to have it painted
C. to be painted
D. to have it paint
80. I was enjoying my book, but I stopped _________ a programme on TV.
A. reading to watch
B. to read to watch
C. to read for watching D. reading for watch
81. The customs officer opened the suitcase ____ if anything illegal was being brought into the country.
A. seeing
B. to see
C. to be seen
D. for seeing
82. Henry got into trouble when he refused _______ his briefcase for the customs officer.
A. opening
B. to open
C. open
D. to have opened
83. I was just beginning _______ asleep when I heard the phone.
A. felt
B. falls
C. to fall
D. to be fallen
84. Would you please remember _______ away all the tapes when you’ve finished listening to them?
A. put
B. putting
C. to put
D. having put
85. The coach didn’t let anyone _______ the team ________ before the champion game.
A. to watch – practise
B. watch – to practise
C. watch – practise
D. watching – practising
86. The Smiths wanted to give their son every advantage. However, they now regret ________ him by providing too many
material possessions.
A. having spoilt
B. having been spoilt
C. to have spoilt
D. to have been spoiled
87. Tom made me ________ him next week.
A. promise to call
B. to promise to call
C. promise call
D. promise calling
88. I got Mary ________ her car for the weekend.
A. to let me borrow
B. let me borrow
C. to let me to borrow
D. let me to borrow
89. My parents wouldn’t let me _______ up late when I was a child.
A. staying
B. to be stayed
C. to stay
D. stay
90. Barbara had her landlord ________ the broken window before winter.
A. fix
B. to fix
C. fixed
D. to be fixed
91. She has been on a diet _______ weight.
A. have lost
B. having lost
C. to have lost
D. to lose
92. Please let Jack _______ with you.
A. go
B. going
C. to go
D. goes
93. Mary was the last applicant ________ by that interviewer.
A. to interview
B. to be interviewed
C. to be interviewing
D. to have interviewed
94. Children should be encouraged _______ their individual interests.


A. develop
B. to be develop
C. developing
D. to develop
95. This room is too dark. We need ________ a lighter shade.
A. painting it
B. to have it painted
C. to be painted
D. to have it paint
96. The customs officer opened the suitcase ____ if anything illegal was being brought into the country.
A. seeing
B. to see
C. to be seen
D. for seeing
97. Henry got into trouble when he refused _______ his briefcase for the customs officer.
A. opening
B. to open
C. open
D. to have opened
98. I’m sorry, I meant ______ to you, but I’ve been busy.
A. to write
B. writing
C. to have written
D. write
99. He heard the clock _______ six and knew that it was time for him ______ get up.
A. to strike – to get
B. strike – to get
C. strike – getting
D. striking – getting
100. I can heard the bell ______ but nobody seems ________ the door.
A. ring – to be coming to open
B. ringing – to be coming to open
C. to ring – being come to open
D. A & B are correct
101. I caught him _______ over my wall. I asked him _______ but he refused _______ anything.
A. climbing – to explain – to say
B. to climb – to explain – to say
C. climb – explaining – to say
D. climbing – to explain – saying
102. I was just beginning _______ asleep when I heard the phone.
A. felt
B. falls
C. to fall
D. to be fallen
103. Would you please remember _______ away all the tapes when you’ve finished listening to them?
A. put
B. putting
C. to put
D. having put
104. We were shocked to hear the news of your ________
A. having fired
B. having been fired
C. to be fire
D. to have been fired
105. The Smiths wanted to give their son every advantage. However, they now regret ________ him by providing too many
material possessions.
A. having spoilt
B. having been spoilt
C. to have spoilt
D. to have been spoiled
106. Tom mentioned _______ in the accident as a child, but he never told us the details.
A. having injured
B. having been injured
C. to have injured
D. to have been injured
107. I think I hear someone ________ the black window. Do you hear it, too?
A. trying to open
B. trying open
C. try to open
D. try opening
108. During the earthquake, I felt the building __________ violently.
A. shake
B. shook
C. shakes
D. to shake
109. Mary was the last applicant ________ by that interviewer.
A. to interview
B. to be interviewed
C. to be interviewing
D. to have interviewed
110. English is an important language _______________ .
A. to master
B. for us to master
C. which we have to master
D. All are correct
* Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting:
1. Could you help me doing this job? I don’t know how to get it started.
A
B
C
D
2. Why don’t you stop and tell me why you always avoid to meet me?
A
B
C
D
3. He doesn’t allow me smoking in his house because he believes smoking is harmful to health.
A
B
C
D
4. I didn’t have any money paying him so I had to ask for my father’s help.
A
B
C
D
5. The poor man was unable discovering who had thrown stones at him.
A
B
C
D
6. I feel my heart to beat quickly whenever I meet her.
A
B
C
D
7. Fertilizers are used primarily to enrich the soil and increasing yield.
A
B
C
D
8. Why don’t you help each other studying for the final exam.
A
B
C
D


9. The doctor advised doing exercises, drinking milk and do not smoke.
A
B
C
D
10. Try to don’t keep interrupting the speaker this time.
A
B
C
D
III. WRITING:
* Choose the sentence A, B, C or D that best rewrites the root one:
1. We can’t make personal calls because the boss doesn’t allow it.
A. The boss doesn’t allow us making personal calls.
B. The boss doesn’t allow us to make personal calls.
C. The boss allows us not to make personal calls.
D. The boss doesn’t allow to make personal calls.
2. I’d love to buy a dictionary, but I can’t afford.
A. I can’t afford to buy a dictionary.
B. I can’t afford not buying a dictionary.
C. I can’t afford buy a dictionary.
D. I can’t afford not to buy a dictionary.
3. Jack said that he hadn’t cheated in the exam.
A. Jack denied not cheating in the exam.
B. Jack denied cheating in the exam.
C. Jack denied not to cheat in the exam.
D. Jack denied cheat in the exam.
4. Police reported that a man had been helping them with their investigation.
A. A man was reported to have been helping them with their investigation.
B. A man was reported helping them with their investigation.
C. A man was reported help them with their investigation.
D. A man was reported to be helping them with their investigation.
5. There are some letters which I have to type today.
A. There are some letters to write today.
B. There are some letters to be written today.
C. There are some letters for me to write today.
D. All are correct.

UNIT 4: VOLUNTEER WORK AND LITERACY PROGRAMS
I. GRAMMAR:
* DIRECT SPEECH & INDIRECT SPEECH (Lời nói trực tiếp và lời nói gián tiếp)
1. Lời nói trực tiếp: được dùng khi chúng ta tường thuật lại lời của người nói bằng cách lập lại một cách chính xác lời nói
ban đầu. Lời nói trực tiếp được đặt trong dấu ngoặc kép.
EX: He asked, “ Where do you come from? ”
She cried: “ What an accident! ”
“ My cousin is a famous doctor”, he said.
2. Lời nói gián tiếp: Thay vì lặp lại chính xác lời nói, chúng ta có thể diễn tả lời hoặc ý nghó của người nói bằng lời lẽ riêng
của chúng ta bằng cách sử dụng liên từ, thay đổi từ hoặc thì của động từ ... Loại cấu trúc này được gọi là lời nói gián tiếp.
Eg: Fiona said, “ It’s getting late.” → Fiona said(that) it was getting late.
* Chúng ta thường bỏ “that” sau các động từ tường thuật thông thường như: say, tell, think.
Ex: Tom said (that) his feet hurt a little.
She told me (that) she enjoyed your party very much.
* Danh sách các động từ tường thuật thường gặp:
accept, add, admit, advise, agree, answer, apologise, argue, ask, beg, command, comment, complain, conclude (kết luận) ,
confess (thú nhận), continue, cry, decide, declare (tuyên bố), demand, feel, forbid, forecast (dự báo, dự đoán trước ) ,
guarantee (cam đoan, bảo đảm) , hear, imagine, inform, inquire, insist, invite, object, offer, order, point out, predict,
promise, propose(đề nghò), recommend, refuse, say, shout, suggest, tell, thank, think, threaten, warn, whisper, wonder...
3. Cách đổi lời nói trực tiếp sang lời nói gián tiếp:
a. Đại từ và tính từ sở hữu thường đổi từ ngôi thứ nhất hoặc ngôi thứ hai sang ngôi thứ ba. Trừ khi người nói thuật lại lời
của chính mình.
Eg: He said, “ I’ve forgotten my uncle’s phone number.”


→ He said (that) he had forgotten his uncle’s phone number.
“ You have watered the flower twice, Mary”, he said.
→ He told Mary that she had watered the flower twice.
b. Một số biến đổi cơ bản khi đổi sang lời nói gián tiếp:
+ Khi “ this, that, và these” được dùng như tính từ, chúng thường được đổi thành “The”.
+ Khi “ this, that, và these” được dùng như tính từ, chúng thường được đổi thành “ it, they, them”.
+ “ Here” có thể được đổi thành “ there”.
DIRECT SPEECH
INDIRECT SPEECH
now
then, at that time, immediately
today
that day
yesterday
the day before, the previous day
tomorrow
the next day, the following
this year / month / week
that year / month / week
last year / month / week
the year / month / week before;
the previous year / month / week.
next year / month / week
the year / month / week after;
the following year / month / week.
a year / month / week ago
a year / month / week before;
a year / month / week earlier
c. Tense (Thì)
+ Khi động từ tường thuật ở các thì hiện tại, chúng ta không đổi thì trong lời nói gián tiếp.
Eg: He says, “ The bus is coming.” → He says the bus is coming.
+ Khi động từ tường thuật ở các thì quá khứ, chúng ta đổi thì trong câu gián tiếp như sau:
DIRECT SPEECH
INDIRECT SPEECH
Present Simple
Past Simple
Present continuous
Past Continuous
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Simple
Past Perfect
Simple Future
Conditional
Future Continuous
Conditional Continuous
Eg : “ I never eat vegetables”, he explained. → He explained that he never ate vegetables.
d. Modal Verbs:
DIRECT SPEECH
INDIRECT SPEECH
shall
should
will
would
can
could
may
might
must(khi diễn tả sự chắc chắn) /
must
had to (khi biểu thò sự cần thiết )
would have to (khi đề cập đến tương lai)
Eg: “ I must go now,” Alice said. → Alice said that he must / had to go at that time.
e. Lời nói gián tiếp qua câu hỏi:
* Wh – question:
Eg: He said, “ Where has she been?” → He asked/ wondered where she had been.
“ What did your parents send?”, the officer asked. → The officer asked me what my parents had sent.
“ Whom did you phone yesterday? ”, the boss asked.
→ The boss asked whom I had phoned the day before.
* Yes / No question:
“ Will the train leave on time? ” he said.
→ He inquired whether / if the train would leave on time.


He asked, “ Is there a waiting room?”
→ He asked if / whether there was a waiting room.
II. Lời nói gián tiếp qua câu mệnh lệnh, lời yêu cầu, lời khuyên với động từ nguyên mẫu:
1. Orders (Mệnh lệnh)
Eg: a/ “ Open the windows. Turn on the lights”, my mother said.
→ My mother told me to open the windows and turn on the lights.
b/ He said, “ Don’t wait for me”. → He told me not to wait for him.
2. Requests: (Lời yêu cầu)
“Would you / Will you/ Could you turn down the radio, please?”, she said.
→ She asked/ requested me to turn down the radio.
3. Advice (Lời khuyên)
“ You should stop smoking, Peter”, Ann said. → Ann advised Peter to stop smoking.
“ If I were you, I wouldn’t stay up late”, she said. → She advised me not to stay up late.
4. Reported speech with Gerund: (Lời nói trực tiếp với danh động từ)
“Why not + verb ... ? ”
S + suggested + Ving...
“ Why don’t you ... ? ” 
S + suggested that + O + should + Vo
“ Shall we ... ? ”
“Let’s + verb ... ”
Ex: “ Shall we take a rest here? ” , Tom said. → Tom suggested taking a rest there.
“ Let’s stop now”, he said.
→ He suggested that we should stop.
* EXERCISES:
I. PHONETICS
* Choose the word whose bold/ underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the other three.
1. A. based
B. damaged
C. joined
D. organized
2. A. foreign
B. eight
C. reign
D. vein
3. A. thanks
B. skills
C. parks
D. groups
4. A. weak
B. meal
C. least
D. pleasure
5. A. raise
B. fair
C. hair
D. stair
* Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from that of the other three.
1. A. vacation
B. suitable
C. countryside
D. literacy
2. A. conducting
B. rebuilding
C. preparing
D. evening
3. A. children
B. adult
C. teenager
D. commune
4. A. schoolboy
B. report
C. schoolgirl
D. village
5. A. position
B. volunteer
C. beginner
D. conductor
II. VOCABULARY:
1. The period of time (usually about three months ) in which students don’t have to go to school
A. remedial courses
B. volunteer work
C. foreign volunteers
D. summer vacation
2. Something we are ready to do without any obligation
A. remedial courses
B. volunteer work
C. foreign volunteers
D. summer vacation
3. Volunteers who come from other countries
A. remedial courses
B. volunteer work
C. foreign volunteers
D. summer vacation
4. Classes for weak or slow students
A. remedial courses
B. volunteer work
C. foreign volunteers
D. summer vacation
5. The condition of knowing well / better about each other
A. remedial courses
B. volunteer work
C. foreign volunteers
D. mutual understanding
6. We set all the beginners into groups based on their different ___________ .
A. ranks
B. levels
C. kinds
D. types
7. We ________ remedial courses for weak students every morning.
A. made
B. did
C. conducted
D. kept
8. Someone wants you to _________ a good hotel.
A. introduce
B. direct
C. recommend
D. tell
* Complete each sentence with a suitable word or phrase:
1. There should be more competitions like this to improve __________________ among all the students of our school.


2. These boys are not good at English at all, so I think they must attend a _______________ held right at their school during
the summer vacation.
3. Not only Vietnamese but also a lot of ________ take part in the Green Summer Campaign every year.
4. Those young people are always willing to do some ___________ for the benefits of their community.
5. To most students in Viet Nam, their longest period of the year without going to school is __________.
III. GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE
1. A car usually becomes _________ without any gas in the tank.
A. useful
B. usable
C. useless
D. used
2. You can rely on Nam since he is very _________ person.
A. thoughtless
B. thinking
C. thinkable
D. thoughtful
3. There’s nothing ___________ in that terrible apartment.
A. valueless
B. invaluable
C. valued
D. valuable
4. It’s very __________ of you to cross that busy street without paying attention to the traffic.
A. careful
B. cared
C. careless
D. caring
5. Having spent nearly all his life in the countryside, Mr Long finds this ______ to living in any big cities.
A. preferable
B. preferred
C. preferential
D. preferring
6. Nothing can be cultivated on that ___________ piece of land.
A. treeful
B. treetop
C. treeless
D. tree house
7. That inexperienced teacher doesn’t seem ____________ enough to cope with the excellent students of this gifted class.
A. competent
B. competitive
C. competing
D. competitional
8. My mother is a very well _______ woman. She can always find what she needs almost immediately.
A. organizable
B. organizational
C. organic
D. organized
9. Faster is the only ___________ form of the adjective fast.
A. comparable
B. comparative
C. comparing
D. compared
10. Those two talkative girls have had their ________ chatter for nearly two hours without any intervals now.
A. continual
B. continue
C. continueable
D. continuing
* Choose the best reported form of each sentence given below.
1. “ Don’t call me after 9 p.m, please”, the manager said.
A. The manager said that we didn’t call him after 9p.m.
B. The manager advised me to not call him after 9p.m.
C. The manager told his secretary not to call him after 9p.m.
D. The manager asked his men not to call him after 9 p.m, please.
2. The dean said, “ Send me a report after you have finished your volunteer work!”
A. The dean ordered his students to send him a report after they have finished their volunteer work.
B. The dean ordered his students to send him a report after they had finished their volunteer work.
C. The dean told his students to send him a report after you have finished your volunteer work.
D. The dean begged his students to send him a report after they have finished their volunteer work.
3. “ Sorry because I didn’t reply you soon”, my pen pal said.
A. My pen pal said sorry because he didn’t reply to me soon.
B. My pen pal replied that he was sorry not to write you soon.
C. My pen pal suggested not replying to me soon because he was sorry.
D. My pen pal apologized to me for not replying to me soon.
4. Mother said, “ I wouldn’t do that silly thing if I were you.”
A. My mother advised me not to do that silly thing.
B. My mother said that she wouldn’t do that silly thing if she were you.
C. My mother suggested me not doing that silly thing if I were you.
D. My mother told me not to do that silly thing if she were me.
5. “ Let’s go to the zoo now”, our friends said.
A. Our friends suggested going to the zoo then.
B. Our friends invited us to go to the zoo now.
C. Our friends insisted us to go to the zoo then.
D. Our friends obliged us to go to the zoo now.
* Complete the following sentences by changing direct speech to indirect speech:
1. Alice said, “ I am living in London now.” → Alice said to me that _____________________________
2. “ My father isn’t very well”, Tom said. → Tom told me that__________________________________


3. She said, “My friend Alice has had a baby.” → She told me __________________________________
4. “ I saw Tom’s sister, who was really nice, at Helen’s party last weekend,” she said. → She told me that
______________________________________________________________________________________
5. “My car was stolen a few weeks ago,” he complained. → He complained that ____________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
6. Bob asked, “ Where is Alice?” → Bob wanted to know _____________________________________
7. “Why is the sky blue?” my three-year -old son often asks. → My three-year -old son often asks me___
______________________________________________________________________________________
8. My mother asked, “Why are you so tired?” → My mother wondered ____________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
9. The worker said, “ When will the final decision be made?” → The worker wanted to know _________
______________________________________________________________________________________
10. “Did you enjoy your trip?” asked Tom. → Tom asked me ___________________________________
11. She asked him, “ Who bought that tie for you?” → She asked him ____________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
12. Nancy asked, “ Have you seen my new grammar book?” → Nancy wanted to know ______________
______________________________________________________________________________________
13. “Have you finished the above sentences? ” asked his friend. → His friend asked him _____________
______________________________________________________________________________________
14. John asked, “ Who should I give the message to?” → John asked me __________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
15. All of the farmers are asking, “When is this drought going to end? ” → ________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
16. “ I don’t like my job very much,” said her cousin. → Her cousin admitted that ___________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
17. He said, “ I must be at the airport at 6 a.m tomorrow. ” → He told his daughter ___________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
18. He said, “ The sun rises in the East.” → He said ___________________________________________
19. “ My father is a businessman. My mother is an engineer.” → He said that ________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
20. The teacher asked all of the students, “ Do you understand what I am explaining? ” → Teacher asked all of the students
_______________________________________________________________________

UNIT 5: COMPETITIONS
* GRAMMAR POINTS
I. GERUND AND PRESENT PARTICIPLE.
1. Danh động từ là hình thức thêm “ING “ vào sau động từ, nó có đặc tính của một danh từ, và động từ. (Cách
dùng của gerund xem ở bài số 03)
2. Hiện tại phân từ là hình thức thêm “ING “ vào sau động từ, nó có đặc tính của một tính từ và động từ.
3. Cách dùng của hiện tại phân từ:
a. Thành lập thì tiếp diễn:
Eg: He is working.
2. Làm tính từ:
Eg: a boring job, a smiling girl, an interesting book…
3. Dùng với động từ chỉ tri giác:
Eg: Do you hear her singing?
I feel my heart beating.
4. Chỉ một việc xảy ra đồng thời với động từ chính:


Eg: They came in dancing.
The children run crying in the street.
5. Thay cho mệnh đề quan hệ (mang nghóa chủ động).
Eg: The girl talking to you this morning is my sister.
6. Dùng để nối hai câu có cùng chủ ngữ:
Eg: Opening the bottle, the little boy poured the drinks.
Staying at home all day, he feels bored.
7. Đứng sau một số động từ, cụm từ trong các cấu trúc sau:
* catch / find/ leave/ see + Object + V-ing.
Eg: I saw him writing a letter.
* go/ come/ spend/ waste/ be busy + V-ing
Eg: We go shopping every Thursday.
They spend a lot of money advertising their products.
* have + noun / pronoun + V-ing
Eg: We have no difficulty finding his house.
II. PERFECT GERUND AND PERFECT PARTICIPLE:
Ta dùng perfect gerund and perfect participle khi muốn nhấn mạnh đến hành động đã hoàn tất trước một
việc mà động từ chính diễn ra.
Eg: Having finished my work, I went home. (perfect participle)
I am sorry for having made such a noise last night. (perfect gerund)
* EXERCISES:
I. PHONETIC:
* Choose the word whose bold/ underlined part is pronounced differently form that of the other three.
1. A. industry
B. inhibit
C. prestigious
D. requirement
2. A. each
B. year
C. ear
D. clear
3. A. distribution
B. redundant
C. community
D. confused
4. A. knowledge
B. knife
C. knock
D. kindness
5. A. possession
B. necessary
C. possibility
D. cassette
* Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from that of the other three.
1. A. decline
B. beauty
C. global
D. music
2. A. musical
B. contestant
C. photograph
D. physical
3. A. competition
B. economic
C. competitor
D. controversial
4. A. winner
B. photo
C. loser
D. compete
5. A. attributive
B. degradation
C. disqualify
D. especially
II. VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR (Gerund and present participle, Perfect gerund and perfect
participle.)

children, pageant, teenager, festival, appearance, prestigious, adult, argument,
reliable

1. All graduates from that ____________ university can easily find good jobs.
2. At the age of fifteen, she is much too young to be a mother. In other words, she is still a __________ .
3. My next door neighbors don’t get along well with each other. As far as I know, they have a violent
___________ almost every other day.
4. That ten–child careless woman always appears in public with a very bedraggled (kéo lê)_________ .
5. Congratulations, Nga! Your sister has just won the first prize in our school’s eloquence ___________.
* Fill in the blank with a gerund, participle, perfect gerund, or perfect participle).
1. Mai apologized for _________ (use) my bicycle yesterday morning without _________ (ask) for permission.
2. _________ (watch) this film several times before, I started _________ (fall) asleep in the middle of it.


3. In all the conditions of drunkard, Mr. Le began __________ (drive) straight back home, _________ (forget)
_____________ (not, pay) any money to the barman.
4. ___________ (organize) the 16th APEC summit conferences successfully, Viet Nam gained the reputation of
___________ (be) the safest and friendliest venue for such significant international events.
5. After _______ (defeat) all his opponents, Hai won the gold medal in that interschool chess tournament.
* Gerund(G) or Present Participle (P) ? Identify the underline words with their correct category.
1. Looking out of the window, Nam saw many beautiful white clouds floating in the sky.
2. The teacher teaching me English this year is Mr. Long, who has also been teaching my elder brothers for years.
3. Phong’s hobbies include playing computer games with his best friend, and collecting cyber items.
4. – What benefits does swimming often have to our health?
- First of all, it has great help in developing our muscles.
5. – Hey, Son! Do you know what our teacher is talking about?
- I’m not sure. Her explanation gives me a confusing idea.
6. That exciting soccer game on TV really caused a great fascinating emotion among us and kept us stay up late.
7. The government is trying to stop the secret organizing of many tempting illegal beauty contests in this big city.
8. My grandparents always have a terrible feeling whenever they are going to travel to some places by planes.
9. That lazy man usually spends the whole day wandering along the river banks doing nothing.
10. Tam went home without telling anyone, so no one knew what he had eaten before leaving the party.
* Choose the best answer from A, B, C or D
1. A school is being built for handicapped children.
A. orphanages
B. children with disabilities C. poor children
D. founding
2. High school and college students often spend many hours as volunteers in orphanages.
A. homes for children whose parents are dead.
B. homes for the aged.
C. homes for the handicapped.
D. homes for the blind.
3. Being tall gave him a(n) _______ over the other players.
A. advantage
B. disadvantage
C. satisfaction
D. pleasure
4. The company volunteers to _______ fifty trucks to help the flooded areas.
A. donate
B. lend
C. loan
D. sell
5. Some high school students take part in helping the disadvantaged children.
A. deprived
B. disabled
C. uncomfortable
D. dissatisfied
6. Many charities sent money to help the victims of the famine.
A. organizations for helping people in need
B. organizations for helping orphans
C. organizations for helping the handicapped
D. organizations for helping the invalid
7. Have you ever heard “ Big Brothers” ?
A. The name of a club
B. A home for children
C. The name of a story
D. An organization for boys who no longer have fathers.
8. I thought the programme on wildlife is __________ .
A. fascinated
B. fascinating
C. to fascinate
D. having fascinated
9. We had to stand in a queue ________ for the bank to open.
A. wait
B. to wait
C. was waiting
D. waiting
10. ________ all the papers, she put them back to the file.
A. Having photocopied
B. Having been photocopied D. To photocopy
D. Photocopy
11. Although ________ to get the job, Richard wasn’t really expecting to.
A. hoping
B. hope
C. not hoping
D. of hoping
12. You should always lock the door when ________ the room.
A. having left
B. leaving
C. to leave
D. are leaving
13. The man denied ________ a policeman.
A. threatening kill
B. threatening to kill


C. to threaten to kill
D. having threatened killing
14. The club has punished it players ________ during a match.
A. for fighting
B. in fighting
C. to fighting
D. at fighting
15. When we heard a noise, we went outside to see what was happening.
A. To hear a noise
B. Hearing a noise
C. When having heard a noise
D. Having heard
16. As he had been warned that bad weather lay ahead, the captain changed course.
A. Having been warned
B. Having warned
C. To have been warned
D. None is correct
17. We noticed a young man ________ at the table ________ a meal.
A. having sat - eating B. sitting – eating
C. sitting – having eaten
D. sitting–to eat
18. The fans queued for hours, hoping to get the tickets.
A. when the hope to get the tickets.
B. so that they can get the tickets.
C. because they hoped to get the tickets.
D. despite hoping to get the tickets.
19. Mathew injured his knee doing gymnastics.
A. In spite of doing gymnastics.
B. While he was doing gymnastics.
C. When has had done gymnastics.
D. While he is doing gymnastics.
20. _______ some experience in these matters, I think my advice could be of help.
A. Having had
B. To have
C. Have
D. Having been had
* Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting:
1. I came here seeing Mary. She must have forgotten I was coming.
A
B
C
D
2. A: Are you going to have a rest now after doing all the clean.
A
B
C
D
B: No, I’ve got an essay write.
A
B
C
D
3. Having learned all the rules of chess, the contestants started play the first game.
A
B
C
D
4. The teams must be qualified within their own continents before having been chosen for the final tournament.
A
B
C
D
5. Having lived in Australia for two years, Minh used to speaking English with all his friends.
A
B
C
D
6. To look at the audience, the contestant gave her answer with confidence.
A
B
C
D
III. WRITING:
* Choose the sentence A, B, C or D that best rewrites the root one:
1. “ You’ve stolen some of my money, Henry!” Peter said.
A. Peter accused Henry of stealing some of his money.
B. Peter accused Henry to steal some of his money.
C. Peter accused that Henry steal some of his money.
D. Peter accused Henry for stealing some of his money.
2. Our neighbor fell off a ladder and broke his arm.
A. breaking his arm.
B. being broken his arm
C. having broken his arm.
D. so breaking his arm.
3. Since I had forgotten my watch, I had no ideas of the time.
A. Having forgotten my watch
B. Because of having forgotten my watch
C. Despite having forgotten my watch
D. All are correct
4. I am sorry I have made you so disappointed.


A. I regret to make you so disappointed.
B. I apologize disappointing you.
C. I apologize having made you so disappointed.
D. I regret having made you so disappointed.
5. We couldn’t get to work because of the heavy storm.
A. The heavy storm stopped us to get to work.
B. The heavy rain prevented us from getting to work.
C. The heavy rain forbid us to get to work.
D. The heavy storm didn’t allow us getting to work.
IV. READING:
Read the passage carefully and choose the best word or phrase given below to fill in each numbered blank.
Alice Hyde is very old now, (1) __________ she still enjoys watching the Miss World competitions on TV.
She specially likes to remember the year 1941, when the only daughter of Chomsky and Marilyn Lewinski (2)
____________ the very significant Miss of London at the age of sixteen. It was really wonderful. Her pictures
were in the best magazines and (3) _________ postcards. She received hundreds of letters from all over the world
every day. A lot of famous men wanted to marry her. (4) _________ of all, Charlie Chaplin wrote to her from the
United States and invited her to Hollywood. She really wanted to go there and became a movie star, but her
parents just said no to her. In 1942, Alice married (5)_________ Charlie Hyde, and they had five wonderful
progenies, four boys and a nice girl. They moved to Spain and lived there until Charlie died. Alice came back to
England and bought an antique shop, where she worked until 2005. She is still in very good shape and does
exercise every morning.
1. A. so
B. though
C. and
D. but
2. A. won
B. purchased
C. received
D. reached
3. A. in
B. at
C. on
D. above
4. A. Best
B. Most
C. First
D. Latest
5. A. to
B. by
C. with
D. O
* Choose the best option basing on the reading passage:
1. Alice’s maiden name was _________ . A. Lewinski B. Hyde
C. Marilyn
D. Chomsky
2. If Alice’s parents had allowed her to go to the United States, she could certainly have become a _______ then.
A. Miss World
B. new wife of Charlie Chaplin’s
C. close friend of Charlie Chaplin’s
D. movie star
3. How old was Alice when she stopped working? A. 60
B. 11
C. 80
D. 16
4. The phrase an antique shop at the end of the story most probably means a ___________ .
A. shop that sells junks
B. very old shop
C. shop selling ancient things
D. boutique shop
5. The total number of Alice and Charlie’s children is _______ . A. five B. ten
C. four D. one

UNIT 6: POPULATION
* RELATIVE PRONOUN AND RELATIVE CLAUSE:(Mệnh đề liên hệ và đại từ liên hệ).
A. ĐỊNH NGHĨA: Đại từ liên hệ dùng để thay thế cho danh từ đứng trước nó, nó giới thiệu một mệnh đề phụ nhằm
làm rõ nghóa cho danh từ mà đại từ liên hệ thay thế, mệnh đề này gọi là mệnh đề liên hệ.
B. CÁCH DÙNG: 1. Who: thay thế cho một danh từ chỉ người làm chủ ngữ.
Eg: This is the man who helped me yesterday.
The boy who studies the best in this class is my son.
2. Whom: thay thế cho một danh từ chỉ người làm tân ngữ.
Eg: The man whom you met yesterday is my uncle.
3. Whose: thay thế cho một danh từ chỉ người làm sỡ hữu.
Eg: The woman whose son is my friend is a good doctor.
4. Which: thay thế cho một danh từ chỉ vật làm chủ ngữ hoặc tân ngữ.
Eg: The house which has green door is mine.


The car which you have just bought is new and comfortable.
5. Where: thay thế cho một danh từ chỉ nơi chốn.
Eg: This is the place where I was born and grew up.
6. When: thay thế cho một danh từ chỉ thời gian.
Eg: The day when you came was on Sunday.
7. That: thay thế cho WHO, WHICH trong mệnh đề hạn đònh: mệnh đề không có dấu phẫy.
Eg: This is the man who wrote this novel = This is the man that wrote this novel.
This is the house which I bought last year = This is the house that I bought last year.
8. Of which: Thay thế cho danh từ chỉ vật làm sỡ hữu.
Eg: The book of which cover is red is interesting.
C. RESTRICTIVE AND NON-RESTRICTIVE RELATIVE CLAUSE:
1. Restrictive Relative clauses: (Mệnh đề quan hệ giới hạn- mệnh đề hạn đònh)
Mệnh đề quan hệ giới hạn dùng để bổ nghóa cho danh từ đứng trước, là một bộ phận quan trọng trong câu. Nếu bỏ
nó đi, mệnh đề chính sẽ không được xác đònh và không có nghóa rõ ràng.
Eg: The book which I borrowed from you is very interesting.
Mệnh đề “ which I borrowed from you” là mệnh đề quan hệ giới hạn, bổ nghóa cho danh từ “the book”. Nó rất cần thiết
trong câu vì nếu bỏ nó đi ta sẽ không biết quyển sách nào sẽ được nói đến.
Eg: The girl who came here yesterday is my cousin.
We will never forget the day when we first came to London.
This is the place where I was born.
2. Non- restrictive Relative clauses: (Mệnh đề quan hệ không giới hạn- mệnh đề không hạn đònh):
Mệnh đề không hạn đònh còn gọi là mệnh đề quan hệ giải thích, dùng để bổ nghóa cho danh từ đứng trước, là phần
giải thích thêm. Nếu bỏ nó đi, mệnh đề chính vẫn có ý nghóa rõ ràng. Danh đề đứng trước mệnh đề này thường đã được xác
đònh rồi.
Eg: My father, who is fifty-five years old, is an engineer.
Miss White, whom we studied English with, is a very nice teacher.
I want to help Peter, whose parents died in the accident.
He often comes to visit Nha Trang, where he grew up.
* Note: Một số điểm cần lưu ý khi dùng mệnh đề không hạn đònh:
1. Mệnh đề không hạn đònh thường được tách khỏi mệnh đề chíng bằng dấu phẩy hoặc dấu gạch ngang.
2. Đại từ quan hệ THAT không được dùng trong loại mệnh đề này.
3. Không lượt bỏ đại từ quan hệ (Who/ Whom/ which) trong mệnh đề này.
D. CÁCH NỐI HAI CÂU ĐƠN THÀNH MỘT CÂU PHỨC BẰNG CÁCH DÙNG CÁC ĐẠI TỪ LIÊN HỆ:
1. Xác đònh hai từ trùng lập nhau trong hai câu đơn.
2. Bỏ đi từ giống nhau trong câu thứ hai thay thế bằng một đại từ liên hệ thích hợp đặt ở đầu câu thứ hai.
3. Đem cả câu thứ hai lên đặt ngay sau từ giống nhau trong câu thứ nhất.
EX: The man is my father. You met him yesterday.
b1
b1
The man is my father. Whom you met yesterday.
b2
The man whom you met yesterday is my father.
B3 (thành phẩm)
II. EXERCISES:
* Choose the word whose bold/ underlined part is pronounced differently form that of the other three.
1. A. cause
B. haul
C. fault
D. because
2. A. population
B. average
C. favorite
D. station
3. A. people
B. creosote
C. theory
D. geometric
4. A. growth
B. math
C. brother
D. strength
5. A. education
B. special
C. economy
D. uncommon
* Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from that of the other three.
1. A. unwillingness
B. population
C. unemployment
D. contraception
2. A. unhealthy
B. poverty
C. family
D. energy


3. A. expression
B. following
C. enormous
D. condition
4. A. water
B. female
C. shortage
D. control
5. A. responsible
B. illiterate
C. estimation
D. constructively
* Find out the antonym of the following words or phrases:
Word / Phrase
Antonym
1. increased
2. failure
3. discouraged
4. slow
5. very small or limited
6. a family with a lot of children
7. the upper parts
8. emigrants
* Complete each sentence below by using a suitable antonym above:
1. There have been more and more ___________ in our modern society.
2. Entering the WTO, Viet Nam has got ___________ opportunities to develop its economic potentials.
3. Most young couples in that remote village are _________ to delay having their first child as a birth-control method.
4. Unlike the situations in the upper and middle ones , ___________ of this river have a much larger population.
5. The total number of newborn babies in my neighborhood has ____________ sharply during the last three years.
6. Our city receives approximately half a million __________ to strengthen its labor force each year.
7. To many people living in the countryside, having at least a son is often considered their greatest ________ in life.
8. Most immigrants from various rural areas find it extremely difficult to adapt themselves to the ______________ changes in
this big city.
* EXERCISE 1: Choose the most correct written out form of each fraction below:
1. 1 / 2
A. one half
B. one second
C. oneth two D. one two
2. 9 / 10
A. ninth ten
B. nine tenths
C. nine tenth D. nine tens
3. 67 / 100
A. sixty seven percent
B. sixty seventh percent
C. sixty seventh percents
D. sixty seven percents
4. 5 / 4
A. five over four
B. five quarters
C. five forths
D. five over fourth
5. 1 / 100
A. one percent B. one a hundredth
C. a one hundredth
D. All are correct
* EXERCISE 2: Choose the best answer: (ẹaùi tửứ lieõn heọ, Although, Though, Even though, Despite, In spite of...)
1. ................... what I said last night, I still respect you.
A. Until
B. Despite
C. Although
D. Even though
2. ................... the traffic was bad, I arrived on time.
A. Despite
B. In spite of C. But
D. Although
3. A lot of things went wrong ................... I had planned everything carefully.
A. but
B. because
C. although
D. in spite of
4. I dont like stories ................... have unhappy endings.
A. that
B. who
C. in which
D. whose
5. The man ................... came from Vinh was the guide for our group during my holiday.
A. whom
B. which
C. whose
D. who
6. I recently went back to the town ................... I was born.
A. which
B. where
C. in where
D. at where
7. I would like to live in a country ................... there is plenty of sunshine.
A. when
B. which
C. where
D. of which
8. My classmate, ................... I wanted to see, was on holiday.
A. whom
B. which
C. that
D. whose
9. Thats the old lady ................... husband won the Nobel Prize.
A. whose
B. who
C. whom
D. that
10. My friend, ................... hates travelling, refused to go with me to Ha Long Bay.
A. who
B. whose
C. that
D. whom
11. Edward, ................... father is my boss, has just moved to Paris.
A. who
B. which
C. where
D. whose


12. We climbed to the top of the mountain, ................... we had a picnic.
A. that
B. where
C. which
D. on where
13. We don’t want to swim in the sea, ................... looks very dirty.
A. where
B. which
C. when
D. who
14. He gave me the important information, ................... I noted down at once.
A. which
B. that
C. what
D. why
15. Did he explain ................... went wrong?
A. that
B. what
C. where
D. when
16. He’s the painter ................... last exhibition was such a failure.
A. who
B. which
C. that
D. whose
17. I’m looking forward to the programme ................... is on after the news.
A. it
B. its
C. which
D. whose
18. I told the policeman ................... had happened.
A. that
B. what
C. where
D. when
19. I never got the time ................... we spent the holiday together.
A. when
B. that
C. in which
D. what
20. I don’t know the reason ................... he didn’t enjoy the party.
A. when
B. where
C. what
D. why
21. Women used to hang the carpets outside and beat them with carpet beaters ................... clean them.
A. in order to
B. so that
C. although
D. however
22. ................... he behaved so badly, he was punished. A. Although
B. Since
C. So D. So that
23. ................... does John go to church on Sundays.
A. No longer
B. No
C. No any more
D. Not any longer
24. ................... the rain, we went out. A. Although
B. Since
C. For
D. In spite of
25. ................... modern appliances mean that household chores can be done more quickly than before, it still takes a lot of
time to do house work. A. Although
B. In spite of
C. Unless
D. If
26. He walked slowly ................... his injured legs.
A. because
B. because of
C. since
D. for
27. Your explanation ................... reasonable.
A. is not sound
B. does not sound
C. is not sounded
D. is not sounding
28. It’s the best book ................. I’ve ever read.
A. which
B. who
C. that
D. what
29. That is the businessman ................. company is so successful.
A. whose
B. of which
C. who’s
D. of whom
30. Is that the town ................. you were born? A. which
B. that
C. whose
D. where
31. You can go ................. you like. This isn’t private land.
A. nowhere
B. somewhere
C. anywhere
D. there
32. The librarian went to look in the cupboard ................. rare books were kept.
A. which
B. that
C. where
D. when
33. I’ve put Mr Matthew’s papers in your green file, ................. is on your desk.
A. of which
B. that
C. which
D. whom
34. Just try and imagine ................. life would be like without water. A. how B. what
C. that
D. if
35. Two men, neither of ................. I had ever seen before, came into my office.
A. whom
B. that
C. whose
D. which
36. My radio, ................. isn’t very old, had suddenly stopped working.
A. that
B. which
C. of which
D. whose
37. They asked me a lot of questions, some of ................. I couldn’t answer.
A. which
B. that
C. whom
D. who
38. He always did well at school ................. having his early education disrupted by illness.
A. on account of
B. in addition to
C. in spite of
D. although
39. It was raining, but the baseball game wasn’t cancelled.
A. The baseball game wouldn’t be cancelled until it stopped raining.
B. Though it was raining, the baseball game wasn’t cancelled.
C. In spite of raining, the baseball still went ahead.
D. The organizer put off the baseball game until after the rain.
40. We stayed in that hotel despite the noise.
A. The hotel was not noisy, so we stayed there.
B. We stayed in the noisy hotel and we liked it.


C. Although the hotel was noisy, we stayed there.
D. The noise kept us staying in the hotel.
41. Although she is rich, she can’t afford to buy the car.
A. She doesn’t have enough money to buy the car she likes. B. Rich as she is, she can’t afford to buy the car.
C. The car is too expensive for her to buy.
D. She wants to buy the bike but it costs a lot.
42. Although he took a taxi, Bill still arrived late for the concert.
A. Bill arrived late for the concert whether he took a taxi or not.
B. Bill arrived late for the concert because of the taxi.
C. In spite of taking the taxi, Bill arrived late for the concert.
D. Bill took a taxi to the concert, but he couldn’t catch it.
43. This is the man ……………. saved the child.
A. who
B. whom
C. whose
D. which
44. Mary is the girl ……………. they are talking. A. about who B. about whom
C. whose
D. to which
45. Do you know the way ……………. leads us to the city? A. where
B. what
C. when
D. which
46. The house ……………. roof is red belongs to my uncle. A. whose
B. which
C. in which
D. that
47. Do you remember the day …………….we first meet each other?
A. where
B. which
C. whose
D. when
48. This is the village …………….we were born. A. which
B. in which
C. where
D. B & C are correct
49. Can you tell me the reason ……………. he left his school ?
A. that
B. why
C. which
D. because
50. We hear the same story ……………. you have told me. A. who
B. where
C. whose
D. which
51. I’m looking for the man ……………. shirt is blue. A. who
B. whom
C. whose
D. that
52. There is the boy ……………. mother won the Nobel prize.
A. whose
B. whom
C. where
D. that
53. It’s the English pronunciation ……………. causes me a lot of difficulties .
A. which
B. that
C. what
D. A & B
54. It’s Mary ……………. received all the letters yesterday .
A. that
B. who
C. whom
D. whose
55. I don’t like being told ……………. to do.
A. where
B. who
C. that
D. what
56. M. Curie , ……………. discovery of radium is famous , was a French scientist .
A. whose
B. whom
C. who
D. that
57. I couldn’t come to the party , ……………. was a pity! A. that
B. it
C. what
D. which
58. The woman ……………. he fell in love left him after a few weeks .
A. with whom
B. who
C. to whom
D. for whom
59. The party ……………. wasn’t very enjoyable .
A. we went
B. where we went to
C. which we went to last night
D. that we go to last night
60. The week ……………. Mike went camping was the wettest of the year .
A. which
B. when
C. how
D. who
61. Mrs Jackson , ……………. used to be very beautiful , is now suffering from a fatal disease .
A. who
B. whose
C. she
D. that
* EXERCISE 3 : Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed:
1. This is the person to that I sold my car.
A
B
C
D
2. I couldn’t run enough fast to catch the shop-lifter.
A
B
C
D
3. My bike, I had left at the gate, had disappeared.
A
B
C
D
4. Although the cold weather, we all went for a walk.
A
B
C
D
5. Despite of the interruption, she was still able to finish her assignment before class.
A
B
C
D
6. John’s family is very happy because his being awarded a scholarship.
A
B
C
D
7. In spite of the car was cheap, it was in good condition.


A
B
C
D
8. Peter comes from Whitney, that is near Oxford.
A
B
C D
9. The tree which branches are dead should be cut down.
A
B
C
D
10. He works at Heathrow Airport, that is one of the biggest airports in the world.
A
B
C
D
11. Da Lat, where is located on High Land, is famous for mild climate.
A
B
C
D
12. Nha Trang has a beautiful beach at which many tourists often sunbathe.
A
B
C
D
13. My brother works in Ca Mau, that is to the farthest end of Viet Nam.
A
B
C
D
14. The tour guide is introducing to the visitors the church which architecture is very special.
A
B
C
D
15. A huge amount of tourists come to this city every year.
A
B
C
D
16. It is too nice weather that I would like to go to the beach.
A
B
C
D
17. If it didn’t rain yesterday, we would have had our barbecue outdoors.
A
B
C
D
18. Despite she didn’t understand what the man who stopped her on the street wanted, she tried to be helpful.
A
B
C
D
EXERCISE 4: Combine these pairs of sentences by using relative pronouns:
1. Many readers have used this card catalogue. It is very helpful in finding the titles of the books.
2. The picture is very beautiful. Tom is looking at it. 
3. Do you know the dentist? He pulled Mary’s tooth yesterday.
4. The girl is my classmate. She is reading a magazine.
5. The acrobat is his uncle. We saw him on TV last night.
6. The man was Mr. John. I saw him.
7. I am looking for the boy. His shirt is blue.
8. The man is very friendly. His son is a friend of mine.
9. The books are on science. The books are on the desk.
10. The movie was interesting. We want to see it.
11. That is the boy. He broke your windows yesterday.
12. The doctor is famous. I visited him yesterday.
13. He is the young boy. His father is a famous writer.
14. He has just bought a table. Its surface is made of precious wood.
15. Nobody thinks of the poor workers. Their life is very hard.
16. She wears the uniform. It was made last week.
17. The tall man is the teacher of English. My father is talking with him at the gate.
18. What was the name of the man? His car was broken down.
19. The boys must start their duties tomorrow. Their names were taken down.
20. Pasteur was an English biologist. His discovery of a cure for rabies made him famous.
21. Marie Curie was a French physicist. Her discovery of radium made her famous.
22. The man wanted to see the headmaster. His son has been expelled from school.
23. The horse-tamer isn’t at home. You want to meet him.
24. The young man taught me English at secondary school. He lives next to my house.
25. Napoleon was a French emperor. His final battle was in Waterloo.
26. Angels was a German philosopher. His discoveries had a great influence on workers.
27. James Watt was a Scottish scientist. His invention of steam engine is famous throughout the world.
28. Isaac Newton was a great English scientist. His discovered the theory of gravitation.
29. M. Faraday was an English physicist. His father was very poor.


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